National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives


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Guide to the Collections
of the Human Studies Film Archives

Asia

AS-75.2.1: [AUFS Afghanistan Film Project, 1972]
1972; 48,000 ft (22 hrs) sound color; video; supplementary
materials: 3,4
Full film record of village life in Afghanistan created for the
American University Field Staff "Faces of Change" film project.
Footage, shot in the Balkh Province of northern Afghanistan,
documents the rhythms and rigors of agricultural life among
Muslim sedentarists and follows the Maldar, Afghan nomads from
the foothills of Hindu Kush, on their peregrinations. Footage
includes: various subsistence and economic activities (irrigation
and plowing of fields, cycle of the wheat harvest, herding and
shearing of sheep, gardening, brickmaking, and markets);
recreational and religious activities (horsemanship, male tea
gatherings, various musical and dance performances, wrestling
matches, and religious observances at a mosque); Maldar
encampments; setting and breaking camp; camel husbandry; and
interiors of nomadic tent houses. The films AFGHAN VILLAGE, NAIM
AND JABAR, WHEAT CYCLE, AFGHAN NOMADS: THE MALDAR, and AFGHAN
WOMEN were produced from this film project.
Creator: Herbert DiGioia, documentary filmmaker
Creator: David Hancock, documentary filmmaker

AS-75.4.1: ANGKOR
c. 1960; 1,944 ft (45 min) sound color; film/video
Edited film on Angkor Wat, the ancient capital of the Khmers
founded in the first century A.D. by Khmers from northeast Burma
who brought Indian civilization to Cambodia. Film discusses the
architecture and religious iconography of 18 temples and
sanctuaries (in chronological order of their historical
construction) dating from the 10th to 13th centuries. Also
featured are scenes of Cambodian village life and excerpts from a
Royal Cambodian Ballet performance.
Creator: Joseph Adams, businessman (1913-1991)

AS-75.4.2: THE EMERALD BUDDAH
c. 1968; 612 ft sound color; film
Edited film of river life in Bangkok, Thailand.
Creator: Joseph Adams, businessman (1913-1991)

AS-75.6.1: [Pashtoon Nomad Research Film Project, 1975-1976]
1975-1976; 80,000 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,3,4,6
Full film record of the Pashtoon (Pakhtun) nomads of northeastern
Afghanistan was a joint effort of the Smithsonian Institution's
National Anthropological Film Center and the National Film Board
of Canada. Footage documents the full range of pastoral nomadic
activities beginning in the Pashtoon spring camp in the steppe
near the provincial center of Baghlan through the Khawak Pass and
to the summer mountain pastures in Hindu Kush. Spring-summer
scenes include setting-up and breaking camp, river crossings, a
village bazaar, butchering lambs, and the caravan crossing the
Khawak Pass. Scenes from the winter filming include Nahrin bazaar
and preparations for and the playing of the central Asian sport
of buzkashi. The film SONS OF HAJI OMAR was produced from this
project.
Creator: Timothy Asch, ethnographic filmmaker (1932-1994)
Creator: Asen Balikci, anthropologist (1929- )
Creator: Eugene Boyko, NFBC cameraman

AS-76.2.1: [The Agnicayana Ritual in India, 1975-1976]
1975-1976; 22,000 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,5
Full film record of the world's oldest surviving ritual, the
Agnicayana, a Vedic sacrifice to Agni, the god of fire. Filmed in
Kerala, southwest India, this 12-day ritual was performed in 1975
for perhaps the last time. Footage includes technical
preparations involved for the rite--construction of sacrificial
enclosures, ritual implements, and altars--and recitation and
enactment of the Vedic liturgy by Nambudiri priests and helpers
including the chanting of mantras, rituals of purification, and
sacrificial offerings on the Agni altars. Destruction of the
ceremonial complex by fire concludes the ritual. Footage includes
interviews with various Indian and Western scholars about the
meaning of the event and its significance for reviving a waning
tradition. The edited film ALTAR OF FIRE was produced from this
film project.
Creator: Robert Gardner, ethnographic filmmaker
Creator: Frits Staal, anthropolgist (1930- )

AS-77.3.1: WORSHIP OF THE DEITY AYYAPPAN
1975; 600 ft (21 min) sound color; video
Edited film documenting temple worship of Nambudri Brahmins in
Kerala, India. The film represents scenes from an eight-hour
Nambudri ceremony which culminates in the possession of a shaman-
priest and the oracular communications through him from the diety
Ayyappan to devotees.
Creator: Clifford Jones, art historian

AS-77.3.2: THE SERPENT DEITIES
1975; 690 ft (23 min) sound color; video
Edited film documenting the worship of the serpent dieties by the
Pulivan people of southern India. The film represents the forms
of ritual, music, and art associated with these deities in order
to ensure fertility and protect against harmful spirits.
Creator: Clifford Jones, art historian

AS-77.3.3: SHADOW PUPPET DRAMA IN SOUTH INDIA: THE RAMAYANA OF
KAMBAN
1975; 1,020 ft (30 min) sound color; video
Edited film was shot in Kerala, India, of the shadow puppet drama
performed throughout southern India in honor of the goddess
Bagivagit. The film depicts the consecration rites at a shrine to
Bagivagit preparatory to the drama and the mythic struggle
enacted by the puppet figures.
Creator: Clifford Jones, art historian

AS-77.3.4: SANSKRIT DRAMA IN THE TEMPLES OF KERALA
1974; 1,200 ft (28 min) sound color; video
Edited film shot in Kerala, India, documents the tradition of
Kutiyatam, the only surviving Sanskrit drama. Scenes include: a
temple constructed specifically for the drama, actors and
musicians being instructed in the dramatic form, consecration of
the stage, and excerpts from two Kutiyatam works: Act I of
"Subhadradhananjayam" by King Kulasekhara Varma, c. 10th century,
and Act IV of "Ascaryacudamani" by Saktibhadra, c. 8th century.
Creator: Clifford Jones, art historian

AS-80.3.1: [Robert Haupt's Travel Footage of India, 1933-1937]
1933-1937; 965 ft (25 min) silent b&w; film/video; supplementary
materials: 3
Footage taken while Haupt travelled in India and Pakistan while
stationed at the Woodstock school in Landour/Mussoorie, Uttar
Pradesh, one of the so-called "hill stations" of British India.
Locations of interest include Mussoorie, Allahabad (Uttar
Pradesh), Jaipur (Rajasthan), Nagpur (Maharashtra), Bombay, the
Portugese colony of Goa (India), and the Khyber Pass.
Documentation of ethnographic interest includes: scenes of
everyday Indian village life; a major mela (Hindu festival) at
Allahabad (a Muslim city sacred to Hindu pilgrims), showing
sadhus (holy men) undergoing various ordeals and wealthy
maharajas parading on ornamented elephants; a brass carver in
Jaipur; another festival in Nagpur which incorporates "initiation
rituals" for young sadhus, such as men walking on coals and being
suspended and swung on a tripod with metal hooks in their backs;
street scenes and bazaars in Bombay; and various shots of fishing
boats and women at heavy manual labor in Goa. Miscellaneous
sequences include Haupt and friends on hunting expeditions, sites
along the Khyber Pass, and scenes at the airport in Delhi
recording the London to Melbourne air race of 1936.
Creator: Robert Haupt, school teacher

AS-80.4.1: [Samyak and Panchare Festivals in Nepal, 1980]
1980; 9,500 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 3
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Footage documents the Samyak
festival which takes place near the Hanamendoka Palace and the
Panchare Festival, a nighttime celebration which is held every 12
years in Asan Tol, Kathmandu, Nepal. Scenes of the Samyak
Festival include various ritual duties performed by different
castes such as cooking rice and radishes, sewing leaves,
purifying water, preparing the hearth, and cutting of toenails.
Scenes of the Panchare Festival are predominately the festival
procession. Footage also includes a macha byenkugu (infant
bathing) ceremony.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: Todd Lewis, anthropologist
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-80.5.1: [Frances Emerick's Travel Footage of India, 1927-1933]
1927-1933; 1,600 ft silent b&w/color; film
Footage shot in Sholapur, Maharashtra district, Udaipur,
Rajasthan district, and various other sites while travelling
through India. Footage includes: Sholapur Teachers Training
School; forms of transportation (ship, railroad, trolley,
automobile, bicycle, barge, junks, ox cart, and camel-drawn
wagons); street life (street vendors, shopkeepers, textile
processing, clothes washing, military drill, children
swordfighting, and pipe smoking); music, dance and ceremonial
activities (a sitar player accompanied by drums, finger cymbals,
and other instruments); a water buffalo sacrifice; wedding
procession; sword dancers; river procession of a maharaja and
retainers; a military brass band; and the Taj Mahal.
Creator: Frances Emerick, school teacher

AS-81.2.1: The Wild Mountain Tribes of Northern Luzon
c. 1929; 900 ft silent b&w; film
Incomplete edited film with outtakes was shot in various
locations including: upper Chico River (the Sabangan and central
Bontoc area); Banawe, Ifugao, and northern Kalinga in border
areas of eastern Abra; eastern Ilocus Sur; and Apayao (Mabaca,
Pinokpok, and Buaya, Kilinga-Apayao Province). The peoples
depicted include western and central Bontok Igorot, north-central
Ifugao, northern Kalinga (or possibly Itneg or Isneg), and Aeta
(location unknown, possibly Apayao or Ilocos Norte Province).
Footage includes: Bontoc and Ifugao engaged in various
subsistence activities; Bontoc performing a "war dance"
accompanied by gong players; a Bontoc ato (men's house) flanked
by carved effigies and objects displayed from previous feasting;
a Bontoc olog (women's house); the Ifugao mountain rice terraces
at Banawe; young Ifugao carvers; Ifugao "war dance" with gong
players and men in ritual headwear; Aetas demonstrating dance; an
Aeta village with stilt houses; Aetas butchering a horse
(provided by Hilsman); Kalinga operating a two-man sugar cane
press; a Kalinga thigh slapping contest; gong ensemble played by
Kalinga; Kalinga women wearing sarong-like wraps of trade cloth
from the western lowlands; and Kalinga man with ear plugs and
beaded neck ornamentation.
Creator: Roger Hilsman, Sr., U.S. Army captain (1890-1975)

AS-81.2.2: LEPROSY
c. 1929; 450 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film documents leprosy victims in the Culion Leper Colony,
Culion, Philippines. During the time that Captain Hilsman was
Commandant of Cadets at the Ateneo de Manila (1928-1930) he was
commissioned by the Philippine government to make this
documentary about how lepers come in from hiding in the jungle to
seek treatment. Authorities toured this film around the islands
in an effort to encourage victims of leprosy to seek treatment.
Creator: Roger Hilsman, Sr., U.S. Army captain (1890-1975)

AS-81.2.3: The Eruption of Mt. Mayon Volcano
c. 1929; 300 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film documenting the eruption of Mt. Mayon Volcano in the
Philippines.
Creator: Roger Hilsman, Sr., U.S. Army captain (1890-1975)

AS-81.2.3: The Flagellentes
c. 1929; 300 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film documenting the Good Friday rituals of a Philippine
flagellente sect. During the time that Captain Hilsman served as
the Commandant of Cadets at the Ateneo de Manila (1928-1930) he
was commissioned by the Philippine government to produce this
film and several others.
Creator: Roger Hilsman, Sr., U.S. Army captain (1890-1975)

AS-81.2.4: [Philippines, c. 1929]
c. 1929; 1,400 ft silent b&w; film
Footage shot of Manila and the surrounding area. Peoples depicted
include Ibaloi, Ifugao, Bontok, and southern Tagalog. Scenes
include: Baguio Market (Old Stone Market) on the road to northern
Luzon; the walled city, Intramuros; Manila Bay; the Pasig River;
and the American camp John Hay. Shots of ethnographic interest
include: Ibaloi women and children in native dress, Ifugao
people, dancing and music-making with nose flute and bronze gongs
and a mock battle by Bontok people, southern Tagalog housing,
lighting of candles in a cemetery in Intramuros for the Feast of
All Saints Day, manufacturing of Manila hemp rope, cutting and
logging of Mahogany trees in the lowlands, and San Miguel
Brewery.
Creator: Roger Hilsman, Sr., U.S. Army captain (1890-1975)

AS-81.4.1: THE RELIGIOUS INVESTITURE OF HIS HOLINESS THE DALAI
LAMA OF TIBET
c. 1970; 522 ft sound color; film
Edited film from footage of unknown origin depicting the
investiture and procession of His Holiness the Dalai Lama in
Lhasa, Tibet in 1958 and 1959. Procession, including mounted
horsemen, people on foot, and the Dalai Lama in a palanquin, is
shown beginning outside Lhasa and continuing to the site of the
investiture. Music and dance are performed in elaborate costume.

AS-81.5.2: SONS OF HAJI OMAR*
1978; 2,100 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 1,5,6
Edited film produced by the National Film Board of Canada from
the joint Film Board and Smithsonian Institution filming
expedition which documented life among the Pashtoon (Pakhtun)
nomads of northeastern Afghanistan. The narrative centers on Haji
Omar, the patriarch of a wealthy settled nomad family living near
the market town of Nahrin with focus on pastoral activities
during the annual migration from the steepe near Baghlan to
mountain pastures in Hindu Kush and family conflicts related to
economic diversification of Haji Omar's sons. Included are scenes
of life in the bazaar, dealings with government officials, and
local rivalries as expressed through the central Asian sport of
buzkashi.
Creator: Timothy Asch, ethnographic filmmaker (1932-1994)
Creator: Asen Balikci, anthropologist (1929- )
Creator: Eugene Boyko, NFBC cameraman

AS-81.5.5: SILLA'S TWIN TUMULUS*
1975; 2,200 ft (61 min) sound color; video
Edited film produced by the Korean Film Unit, documents the
archeological excavation of and artifacts from a fifth century
Silla burial mound in Kyong Ju, Korea.
Creator: Lee Kyu-im, film director

AS-81.5.6: [Sinjanthropus Site at Chou Kou Tien, China, c. 1935]
c. 1935; 400 ft (11 min) silent b&w; video
Footage recording various scenes in southern and northern China
including excavations at Choukoutien. Locations include: along
the Yangtze River in and near Chongqing (Chong Qing), Szechuwan
Province; in and around Wuhan (Hankow); and in and around
Choukoutien some 40 kilometers southwest of Beijing (Peking).
Scenes include a seaplane landing on the Yangtze River at
Chongqing with passengers embarking, brief views of peasants,
Europeans being borne on litters by Chinese bearers, a hand-car
on the rail line to Choukoutien, coal mines and lime kilms at
Choukoutien, camels and donkeys, views over the "Dragon Bone"
mountains, blast holes being drilled at the Sinjanthropus site,
the cableway used to carry away archeological debris, and four
archeologists working at the site (including Pei Wen Zhone and
Teilhard).
Creator: George B. Barbour, geologist (1890-1977)

AS-81.5.7: THE OPIUM TRAIL*
c. 1960; 2,160 ft (60 min) sound b&w; video
Edited film produced by ATV Pathfinder Productions documenting
aspects of the opium trade in the golden triangle region of
Burma, Laos, and the Yunan Province of China. Film includes the
growing cycle of the poppy, the role of opium trade in the local
economy of the Shan people of highland Burma, preparation of the
drug for smuggling, and processing of opium into heroin for sale
on the streets of Hong Kong.
Creator: Adrian Cowell, film director

AS-81.5.9: Helicopter Views of Sumatra
c. 1970; 600 ft (16 min) silent b&w; video
Footage taken from an airplane documents the deforestation of
Sumatra.
Creator: Francine Niejo-Biroum

AS-82.3.1: BEAUTIFUL JAPAN
1917-1918; 3,600 ft (1 hr 40 min) silent b&w; film/video;
supplementary materials: 3,4
Edited film, shot under the auspices of the Imperial Japanese
Railways, represents various aspects of Japanese life as it
existed around the turn of the century. Depicted are a wide
variety of subjects including scenes of daily life in Tokyo,
Kyoto, Yokahama, Hakodate, Kobe, Nagasaki, and other cities.
Points of ethnographic interest include market and street scenes,
the caves and tombs of the Ainu at Matsushima, the Bear Festival
of the Hokkaido Ainu, comorant fisherman on the Nagara River, a
hiwatari-shiki (firewalking) ceremony performed by Shinto
priests, the festival of the water goddess Benten, and a temple
procession in Hakodate. Other scenes of interest include: a sumo
wrestling tournament, school ceremonies and athletic
competitions, Yokahama shipyards, cement factories and steel
mills at Moji, pottery making, working of rice terraces, pearl
industry in Omura, harvesting tea in Shidzuoka, the health resort
at Unzen, cherry blossom festival, the coaling of a United States
ship by Japanese laborers, and rail travel through the "Japanese
alps."
Creator: Benjamin Brodsky, travel-lecturer

AS-82.3.2: [Pathe News Item - Japan Number 1, c. 1917]
c. 1917; 172 ft (7 min) silent b&w; film/video
Newsreel story about the arrival of American Ambassador Roland
Morris and his family to Japan.

AS-82.3.2: [Pathe News Item - Japan Number 2, 1920]
1920; 278 ft (11 min) silent b&w; film/video
Newsreel story about Ambassador Roland Morris and his family
attending the launching of the S/S Eastern Glen at the Chiwaka-
cho Shipyards, Yokohama.

AS-83.4.1: [Santal Village, Bihar, India, 1980]
1980; 1,100 ft (30 min) silent b&w; video
Full film record depicting daily life among Santal villagers in
Bihar State, India. The footage includes scenes of traditional
house construction, rope making, pottery making, rice harvest,
threshing, grain storage procedures, methods of transporting
water, child care, dance, and grooming.
Creator: Cyril David, anthropology student

AS-83.10.1: [Ikat Weaving, Gujerat, India, 1979-1981]
1979-1981; 3,000 ft (83 min) silent color; video; supplementary
materials: 1,4,6
Full film record documenting the process of producing patola
double-ikat woven saris in Gujerat, India. Footage focuses on the
work of a single family of master weavers, one of the few
remaining families of weavers who produce the special ikat saris
worn by brides of certain castes in the region of Gujerat.
Documentation includes tie-dyeing of thread, warping of the
looms, weaving, and removing the sari from the loom.
Creator: Cynthia Cort, university student (1953- )

AS-83.10.2: [Ikat Weaving, Orissa, India, 1980]
1980; 800 ft (22 min) silent color; video; supplementary
materials: 1,4,6
Full film record documenting the ikat weaving process in Burpali,
Orissa, India. Footage documents all stages in the dyeing and
weaving process of double-ikat which was historically influential
on the development of textiles in south Asia.
Creator: Cynthia Cort, university student (1953- )

AS-83.13.1: [Ch'uan Miao Hill People of Western China, c. 1936]
c. 1936; 450 ft (14 min) silent b&w; video
Footage shot in southwestern China while Graham was curator of
the West China Union Museum of Archeology, Art, and Ethnology at
Chengtu. Film documents various customs of the Ch'uan Miao hill
people (more commonly known as the Ch'uang Meo) in the villages
of Chou Chia Keo and Wang Wu Chai near the borders of Szechwan,
Kweichow, and Yunnan provinces. Documentation includes: children
and adults in a Miao yard; a do nun (shaman) conducting a
ceremony to exercise demons; a mo (priest) conducting part of a
funeral ceremony accompanied by an assistant playing a liu shen
(six-tubed wind instrument); a trek to a Miao village led by
Graham and two legions of school children; Graham's medical
associates, W.R. Morse and Gordon Agnew, taking anthropometric
measurements and making dental observations of villagers; group
shots of Miao women and girls; a village do nun using divining
sticks and performing an exorcism; and a funeral ceremony for one
of the village women which involves sacrifice of a water buffalo
and procession of the coffin. Footage forms part of the U.S.
National Museum Division of Ethnology, Manuscript and Pamphlet
File, National Anthropological Archives.
Creator: David C. Graham, missionary

AS-84.2.1: Hajari Bhand
1980; 5 hrs sound color; video; supplementary materials: 3
Full film record documents the work of Hajari Bhand, a former
court jester and traditional street performer of Rajasthan,
India. Footage documents the activities of Hajari Bhand as an
itinerant actor, role player, and comic-cum-bone-setter. Included
are interviews with and comparative footage of other former
jesters.
Creator: John Emigh, professor of theatre arts

AS-84.2.2: Masked Dance Performers of East India
1980; 16,200 ft (8 hrs) sound color; video; supplementary
materials: 3
Full film record documents masked dance performances and melas
(festivals) of Orissa, India. Footage includes masked dance
performances in the Shiva and Ramela celebrations of Ganjam
Province; the Honujatra celebration commemorating the early life
of Krishna and the dance-drama of Aurimanya; the Festival of
Harirajpur; the Chitraparava celebration; shadow puppetry devoted
to Rama which forms part of the Ravanachya tradition; puja
offerings at a temple in Ganjam; and the procession of Kali and
devotions by participants which include firewalking,
flagellation, animal sacrifices, and devotees impailed on hooks
from a spinning turnstyle. Footage also includes illustration of
the martial arts aspects of dance and documentation of the
process by which masks are made from clay molds layered with
paper mache and linen.
Creator: John Emigh, professor of theatre arts

AS-84.8.1: [Temple Potters of Puri, 1979-1980]
1979-1980; 5,200 ft (3 hrs) silent color; video; supplementary
materials: 3
Full film record shot of the Kumbhar Bisoi potters serving the
Jagarnath Temple in Puri, India. Documentation includes: the
preparation, distribution, and use of the sacred food of the
Jagarnath Temple; the process of producing pots in which this
food is cooked and distributed; and the annual festival of the
Kumbhar Bisoi potters.
Creator: Cynthia Cort, university student (1953- )
Creator: Louise Cort, craft historian (1944- )

AS-84.9.1: [G.W. Locke's Travel Footage of Hawaii, Japan, and
China, 1929]
1929; 2,200 ft (54 min) silent b&w; video
Footage includes various scenes of San Francisco streets; Big Sur
and Mt. Tamalpis; U.S. battleships in San Francisco harbor;
embarkation to Hawaii and shipboard activities; and Pali
overlook, Waikiki beach, and Diamond Head in Hawaii. Scenes in
Japan include various street venues, temple complexes, and
embarkation to China with shots of junks and sea vessels. Scenes
in China include street activities with rickshaws and manual
laborers pulling loaded carts, Locke and party being conveyed on
palanquins by Chinese, and the agricultural countryside.
Creator: G.W. Locke

AS-84.17.1: [Bharvad Pastoralists of Western India, 1983]
1983; 20,000 ft (10 hrs) sound color; video; supplementary
materials: 3
Full film record documents elements of life among the Bharvad
pastoralists, a caste recently sedentarized by government policy
in Gujurat, western India. Footage documents the cultural ecology
of the Bharvad. Scenes include: Bharvad settlements, the watering
and herding of cattle, dehorning of bullocks, work in a salt pan,
plowing and irrigation of fields, herders using their staffs in a
martial arts style, interviews with local village headmen
concerning land disputes, and a mediation between Bharvad and
local farmers over land rights. The film THE BHARVAD PREDICAMENT
was produced from this footage.
Creator: Jayasinhji Jhala, anthropology graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Roger Sandall, ethnographic filmmaker (1933- )

AS-85.7.1: [Salim Ali's Ornithological Field Footage, c. 1947-
1980]
c. 1947-1980; 15,000 ft silent color; film
Footage shot of, primarily, bird migration and other subject
matter of ornithological interest throughout India. Footage also
includes a tiger hunt and wildlife in Assam and an ornithological
expedition to Sikkim.
Creator: Salim Ali, ornithologist (1896-1987)

AS-85.12.1: SHAHSAVAN NOMADS OF IRAN
1984; 1,000 ft sound color
Edited film traces the seasonal migration of the Shahsavan
pastoral nomads of northwestern Iran. Footage was shot during
fieldwork between 1977-1979 and depicts day-to-day subsistence
activities such as herding and cooking as well as various
ceremonial gatherings. From their winter quarters in the Mughan
Steppe, the filmmakers trace the spring migration route of the
Shahsavan to their summer quarters on Mt. Sabalan. Special
attention is given to the gendered division of labor in this
nomadic society and to the importance of womens' work in its
traditional economy.
Creator: Arlene Dallalfar, sociologist (1955- )
Creator: Fereydoun Safizadeh, anthropologist

AS-85.13.1: [South Indian Martial and Performing Arts, 1977, 1980
and 1983]
1977, 1980 and 1983; 3,900 ft sound/silent color
Full film record documents a number of martial arts forms found
in south India. Included are the velakali, martial dance of
Kerala; the oacchirakali, mock-combat ritual enactment of Kerala;
the kalarippayattu, Kerala martial art; and alternate styles of
south Indian martial arts including the "southern style"
kalarippayattu and silambam.
Creator: Phillip Zarrilli

AS-86.1.1: [Kalachakra: Initiation and Transmission of Tibetan
Buddhism to United States, 1981]
1981; 30,000 ft sound color; film
Full film record documents Buddhism in Tibetan settlement
communities in India, bringing Tibetan Buddhism to the United
States by Americans and Tibetans, and building a temple in
Wisconsin which includes interviews with those involved and the
local community. The film also documents aspects of the first
Kalachakra Initiation conferred in the United States. Project
includes video documentation of the mchod gar dance.
Creator: Edward Bastian, Buddhist scholar

AS-86.1.2: TIBETAN BUDDHISM: CYCLES OF INTERDEPENDENCE (outtakes)
1982; 14,000 ft sound color; supplementary materials: 3
Outtakes are from an edited film which is part of a series on
Tibetan Buddhism created by Bastian during his research and
teaching in Tibetan Buddhist studies. The footage was shot during
the four seasons in Lukil Valley, Ladakh, India and is the first
film portrait of the annual cycle of ritual interdependence
between Buddhist monks, laity, diety-protectors, and nature. The
film observes how Buddhist families incorporate ethical precepts,
prayers, and rituals into their daily life for healing, planting
and harvesting crops, and warding off evil spirits. Documented
are subsistence practices in the high valleys of Ladakh and the
Tibetan plateau as well as weaving, dyeing, pottery making, and
the preparation of herbal medicines. Film concludes with
documentation of the winter chaam, a festival dance of protector
deities, and the torgyal, a ritual battle performed to dispatch
evil forces.
Creator: Edward Bastian, Buddhist scholar

AS-86.4.1: THE RELIGIOUS INVESTITURE OF HIS HOLINESS THE DALAI
LAMA OF TIBET (outtakes)
1958-1959; 1,016 ft silent color
Outtakes from an edited film made c. 1970 from footage of unknown
origin depicting the investiture and procession of His Holiness
the Dalai Lama in Lhasa, Tibet in 1958 and 1959.

AS-86.4.2: Religious Examination of His Holiness the Dalai Lama
of Tibet
c. 1970; 727 ft silent color
Edited film from footage of unknown origin depicting the
religious examinations of the Dalai Lama for the Geshe Lharampa
degree in Lhasa, Tibet in 1959.

AS-86.6.1: Mashiko Village Pottery
c. 1937; 800 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film produced by a pre-War cultural organization in Japan
follows an entire pottery making cycle in the village of Mashiko,
historically one of the most prolific sites for the production of
utilitarian ceramic ware for Tokyo. Film features the work of
famed potter Shoji Hamada and renown ceramic painter Masu
Minagawa.

AS-86.6.2: [Bernard Leach's Scenes of Japan, Korea, Hong Kong,
and Shanghai, 1934-1935]
1934-1935; 1,200 ft silent b&w; film
Footage, shot during Leach's travels in the Far East, includes
filming in Mashiko village, Japan, which documents the work of
potter Shoji Hamada and ceramic painter Masu Minagawa, both
central figures in Japan's Folk Craft Movement. Pottery footage
includes: general overview of the Hamada compound including
laborers, clay settling tanks, and kiln; Hamada at his te-rokuro
(stick-turned wheel); throwing several large jars by the punch-
out, coil, and throw methods; firing of the nobori-gama (multi-
chambered climbing kiln); kiln in various stages of unloading;
and Minagawa painting teapots. Other Japanese crafts documented
include weaving, stencil dyeing, paper making, and use of the
treadle lathe to make kokeshi dolls. Scenes of Japanese life
include: koi nobori (carp penants) indicating the celebration of
Boy's Day, May 5th; demonstration of ninjutsu techniques; one-man
puppet performances known as kuruma ningyo (cart-doll)
accompanied by joruri chanters; winter travel scenes; and
drummers at a village festival. Also included are various scenes
in Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Korea including a visit to the
ancient Korean capital of Kyongju, a temple market, and the image
of Buddha at Sokkuram Temple. The film MASHIKO VILLAGE POTTERY by
Marty Gross was produced using this footage.
Creator: Bernard Leach, potter

AS-86.9.1: TRAGADA BHAVAI: A RURAL THEATER TROUPE OF GUJARAT
(outtakes)
1980-1981; 8,000 ft sound color; supplementary materials: 3
Outtakes from edited film which document a bhavai (rural theater
troupe) as it travels throughout the countryside in Gujarat,
India. The all male troupe performs various pieces including
miracle plays, comic skits, dances and juggling, and romantic
dramas set in medieval times for all male audiences from the Koli
caste. The footage captures backstage preparations, negotiations
with sponsoring villagers, interviews with actors and the troupe
leader, and the performance.
Creator: Jayasinhji Jhala, anthropology graduate student (1948-)
Creator: Roger Sandall, ethnographic filmmaker (1933- )

AS-86.9.2: A ZENANA: SCENES AND RECOLLECTIONS (outtakes)
1980-1981; 8,000 ft sound color; supplementary materials: 3
Outtakes from edited film documents the secluded palace women's
quarters, zenana, of Dhrangadhra, in northern India. The footage
captures songs, dances, and memories of several palace women
including the Maharani, mother of one of the filmmakers.
Creator: Jayasinhji Jhala, anthropology graduate student (1948-)
Creator: Roger Sandall, ethnographic filmmaker (1933- )

AS-86.9.3: TRAGADA BHAVAI: A RURAL THEATER TROUPE OF GUJARAT*
1982; 60 min sound color; video
Edited film documents a bhavai (rural theater troupe) as it
travels throughout the countryside in Gujarat, India. The all
male troupe performs various pieces including miracle plays,
comic skits, dances and juggling, and romantic dramas set in
medieval times for all male audiences from the Koli caste. Shot
in 1980-1981, the film captures backstage preparations,
negotiations with sponsoring villagers, interviews with actors
and the troupe leader, and the performance.
Creator: Jayasinhji Jhala, anthropology graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Roger Sandall, ethnographic filmmaker (1933- )

AS-86.9.4: A ZENANA: SCENES AND RECOLLECTIONS*
1982; 60 min sound color; video
Edited film documents the secluded palace women's quarters,
zenana, of Dhrangadhra, in northern India. The film captures
songs, dances, and memories of several palace women including the
Maharani, mother of one of the filmmakers. They reflect upon
women's roles under the strictness of their former seclusion and
the ideals of women's purity and inner strength.
Creator: Jayasinhji Jhala, anthropology graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Roger Sandall, ethnographic filmmaker (1933- )

AS-86.11.1: [Philippine Dance]
unknown; 200 ft (6 min) silent color; video
Footage of a single woman dancer, possibly a professional dancer,
dressed in a "theatrical" kimono. Footage records a number of
dances, or excerpts of dances, which were performed ostensibly
for documentation purposes. Footage forms part of the Homer
Garner Barnett Papers in the National Anthropological Archives.

AS-86.11.6: [Dikung Monastery, Ladakh, 1979]
1979; 1,200 ft (39 min) silent color; video
Footage shot of the celebration of the 800th anniversary of
Dikung Monastery held at the Ga-ngon Monastery in Ladakh, India.
Footage forms part of the Eugene Irving Knez Papers in the
National Anthropological Archives.
Creator: Franz Michael

AS-86.13.1: [Newari Film Project, 1978]
1978; 84,000 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,2,3,4,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project focuses
primarily on the daily life activities of the inhabitants of the
subsistence agricultural Jyapu village of Thecho in the Kathmandu
Valley, Nepal. The edited film JYAPU: INDUSTRIOUS PRODUCTIVITY AS
LIFESTYLE was produced from this footage.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: Barbara Johnson, NAFC camerawoman (1952- )
Creator: Steven Schecter, NAFC cameraman (1957- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.2: [Newari Film Project, 1980]
1980; 120,500 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,2,3,4,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution focuses primarily on the
household and agricultural subsistence activities among
inhabitants of the Jyapu villages of Thecho and Thimi in the
Kathmandu Valley, Nepal.
Creator: Barbara Johnson, NAFC camerawoman (1952- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.3: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Ladakh, India, 1978]
1978; 71,969 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
2,3,4,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project documents
daily life and subsistence activities of villagers and monastic
life and ceremonials at the Buddhist monastery in Mathoo, Ladakh,
India. The edited film, LADAKH VILLAGE MORNING, was produced from
this footage.
Creator: Steven Schecter, NAFC cameraman (1957- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.4: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Ladakh, India, 1979]
1979; 35,330 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project documents
daily life and subsistence activities of villagers and monastic
life and ceremonials at the Buddhist monastery in Mathoo, Ladakh,
India. Included is the annual Oracle which is performed after the
new year.
Creator: Steven Schecter, NAFC cameraman (1957- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.5: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Ladakh, India, 1980]
1980; 72,746 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project was filmed
in Mathoo, Ladakh, India. Footage documents daily life and
subsistence activities of villagers including a full agricultural
cycle, preparation and serving of food, children playing and
interacting among themselves and with adults, drying dung, and
animal husbandry.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.6: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Ladakh, India, 1981]
1981; 12,334 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project documents
monastic life and ceremonials at the Buddhist monastery in
Mathoo, Ladakh, India, including the annual Oracle which is
performed after the new year and chaam dancing.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.7: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Orissa, South India, 1980]
1980; 3,720 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
2,3,4,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project documents
the traditional Tibetan Ghesar Epic as danced in the Tibetan
community of Orissa, India.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.8: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Hunsur, South India, January 1981]
1981; 25,419 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project, shot at
Tibetan Buddhist monastery Zonkar Choede, Hunsur, India, includes
the Mahakala puja, making butter sculptures, making and
consecrating masks, chaam dancing, and burning of the torma.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: M. Michael Maloney, NAFC cameraman (1949- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.9: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Mundgod, South India, 1979]
1979; 47,240 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
2,3,4,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution, was filmed in the Tibetan
communities of southern India. Research film project includes the
Offering of Long Life puja to Kyabji, Yamantaka ceremony, and
Ceremony of Year Ending Propitiation Invocation at Gaden Shartse
Monastery; the Gohe Samajha ceremony at Gaden Jangtse Monastery;
the Monlam Chenmo ceremony, Chonga Shospa ceremony, and Ceremony
of Matriya at Drepung Monastery; the New Year Incense Burning
ceremony at Norbu Rhe; and the New Year ceremony at the Dalai
Lama's palace, Mundgod, India. Footage also contains debating,
chaam dancing, monastic daily life, and making of the Yamantaka
mandala. The edited film BTSUNCHUN was produced from this
footage.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: Mathias Maradol, NAFC cameraman (1955- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.10: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Bylakuppe, South India, 1980]
1980; 35,470 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project includes
the Heruka, Drupa, and Mandup ceremonies and chaam dancing as
performed at the Tibetan Buddhist monastaries of Nyingmapa, Tashi
Lunpo, and Gyumed. Footage also documents a Tibetan opera
performed by the Tibetan Drama and Dance Troupe.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: M. Michael Maloney, NAFC cameraman (1949- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.11: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Hunsur, South India, November 1981]
1981; 24,425 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project includes
making a mandala, a ceremony celebrating the appointment of a new
assistant abbot, and the Gohe Samaja ceremony filmed at the
Tibetan Buddhist monastery, Gyumed, in Hunsur, India.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.12: [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Hunsur, South India, 1982]
1982; 25,200 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,6
Full film record created for the National Anthropological Film
Center, Smithsonian Institution. Research film project includes
ceremonies, daily life activities, and tantric training filmed at
the Tibetan Buddhist monasteries of Zonkar Choede and Gyumed in
Hunsur, India.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.13: LADAKH VILLAGE MORNING
1981; 400 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,2,3,5,6
Edited film produced by the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution, showing the early morning activities of
a Tibetan family during harvest in Mathoo Village, Ladakh, India.
Film was made from [Film Studies of Traditional Tibetan Life and
Culture: Ladakh, India, 1978].
Creator: Steven Schecter, NAFC cameraman (1957- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.14: BTSUNCHUN
1981; 400 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,2,3,5,6
Edited film produced by the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution was shot in Mundgod, India. The film
documents young Buddhist students from Gaden Monastery studying,
practicing dialectics, playing, and resting during their visit to
Drepung Monastery, where they have gone to join the Molam
Festival. The students are also shown practicing movement
training at their own monastery. Film was made from [Film Studies
of Traditional Tibetan Life and Culture: Mundgod, South India,
1979].
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: Mathias Maradol, NAFC cameraman (1955- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.15: HERUKA
1980; 900 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials: 2,3,5,6
Edited film produced by the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution, documents one day of a Tibetan Buddhist
multi-day puja, Heruka, in Gaden Monastery, Mundgod, India.
Creator: Ragpa Dorjee, NAFC cameraman (Tibetan) (1956- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.16: JYAPU: INDUSTRIOUS PRODUCTIVITY AS LIFESTYLE
1981; 540 ft sound color; film; supplementary materials:
1,2,3,5,6
Edited film produced by the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution. Film examins the various work and play
activities of Newari adults and children in the Jyapu courtyard
of Thecho Village in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Film was made
from [Newari Film Project, 1978].
Creator: Barbara Johnson, NAFC camerawoman (1952- )
Creator: E. Richard Sorenson, NAFC director (1929- )

AS-86.13.21: [Ethnographic Film Survey of Tamang and Sherpa
Villages, Nepal, 1978]
1978; 1,900 ft silent color; film
Footage shot for the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution. The purpose of the survey was to
identify a village for a potential filming project. Footage
documents the daily life in ten different villages with
particular emphasis on social interaction among householders and
villagers.
Creator: Johan Reinhard, anthropologist (1943- )

AS-86.13.22: [Ethnographic Film Survey of Tharu Villages, Nepal,
1978]
1978; 900 ft silent color; film
Footage shot for the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution. The purpose of the survey was to
identify a village for a potential filming project. Footage
documents the daily life in eight Tharu villages.
Creator: Johan Reinhard, anthropologist (1943- )

AS-86.13.24: [Ethnographic Film Survey of the Raji People of
Western Nepal, 1976]
1976; 1,300 ft silent color; film
Footage shot for the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution. The purpose of the survey was to
identify villages for a potential filming project. Footage
documents daily life in Raji villages.
Creator: Johan Reinhard, anthropologist (1943- )

AS-86.13.29: Rivalry Training Among the Pashtoon
1977; 252 ft (7 min) sound color; video
Edited film produced from [Pashtoon Nomad Research Film Project,
1975-1976] was created for a lecture by Balikci to illustrate
institutionalized patterns of rivalry among the Pashtoon.
Specific emphasis is placed on the public norms governing the
expression of rivalry and the use, by adult males, of dog fights
and child fights to dramatize their own social rivalries.
Creator: Timothy Asch, ethnographic filmmaker (1932-1994)
Creator: Asen Balikci, anthropologist (1929- )

AS-86.13.30: [Ethnographic Film Survey of the Raji People of
Western Nepal, 1978]
1978; 3,900 ft silent color; film
Footage shot for the National Anthropological Film Center,
Smithsonian Institution. The purpose of the survey was to
identify a village for a potential filming project. Footage
documents daily life in Raji villages.
Creator: Johan Reinhard, anthropologist (1943- )

AS-87.2.1: THREADS OF LIFE (outtakes)
1973; 2,500 ft sound color
Outtakes from a film documenting various nomadic people of Iran
and Afghanistan. Film gives emphasis to the place of animal
husbandry in the lifeways of these people with particular
attention to the production and distribution of the rugs which
are woven from sheep's wool. Depicted are all aspects of the
process including herding of sheep and weaving of rugs and their
sale in Kabul's bazaars.
Creator: Irwin Dermer, photographer (1925- )

AS-87.7.1: [Melemchi Village, Nepal, 1986]
1986; 10,000 ft (5 hrs) sound color; video; supplementary
materials: 3,4
Full film record depicting life in Melemchi, a Sherpa village at
the head of the Helembu Valley, Nepal. Footage documents both
subsistence and religious aspects of Helembu Sherpa culture.
Documentation of subsistence includes herding and domestic
activities of Sherpa patrilineal households. Sequences include:
harvesting and milling of grain crops, management of gode (zomo
herds) typical of mid-altitude subsistence throughout Nepal, and
domestic dairy work associated with these herds. Documentation of
religion and ritual depicts the coexistence of Buddhist and local
Bon animist practices. Sequences include: a Nyin Lo, a Bon ritual
conducted by a bombo (shaman) to exorcise bad spirits; a lama
performing an annual puja for the spirits of the house and field;
a Mikha Kyurgen puja done to undo the untoward affects of gossip;
the funeral procession and cremation of a Sherpa woman; the Tupu
Tsezchu Festival, one of four festivals held annually in Melemchi
to commemorate the work of Guru Rimpoche, the Bodhisattva who
brought Buddhism to Tibet; and the Nara Festival which
commemorates the founding of the gomba (local Buddhist temple).
Footage complements [Melemchi Village, Nepal, 1989].
Creator: John Bishop, documentary filmmaker (1946- )
Creator: Naomi Bishop, anthropologist (1947- )

AS-87.9.11: [Laura Boulton Film Collection: Asia, c. 1950]
c. 1950; 12,960 ft (6 hrs) silent color; video; supplementary
materials: 1,4
Footage shot at various locations in Asia including Tibet, Nepal,
India, Thailand, Korea, and Taiwan. Key points of ethnographic
and historical interest include: musicians and bhanchum (masked
dance performance) at Boudhanath with the Chini Lama (Tibet);
temple complexes of Kathmandu including Buddhist shrine at
Swayambu, Chandra Norian and Pashi Paddi temples, various Rana
wedding scenes, and daily life of Newar and Tamang peoples
(Nepal); scenes in the Nilgiri hills (Orissa Province, India)
depicting the lifeways of the Todas; spectacle of the Purna Kumba
Mela in New Delhi (India); ratrei (mobile Hindu shrine) pulled
through the streets; a royal state procession in Bangkok
(Thailand); shots of refugee camps and United States troops in
Korea; and scenes in Taiwan and Formosa showing military
preparedness for possible invasion by the Communist Chinese.
Creator: Laura Boulton, musicologist (1899-1980)

AS-87.11.1: [Rumtek Monastery, Sikkim, 1982]
1982; 40,000 ft sound color
Full film record documenting rituals of and the lay community
around Rumtek Monastery and the cremation ceremonies of the XVI
Gyalwang Karmapa. The edited film LION'S ROAR was produced from
this project.
Creator: Mark Elliott, filmmaker

AS-88.2.1: FEAST IN DREAM VILLAGE (outtakes)
1986; 5,040 ft sound color; film
Outtakes from the film FEAST IN DREAM VILLAGE documents a ten-day
ritual feast held by the Kodi of west Sumba, the last Indonesian
island with a pagan majority. Documentation includes preparations
for the feast which is part of a complex system of competitive
exchange, spiritual invocations and rituals orchestrated by the
head priest, and the "feeding" of the spirits with a large-scale
buffalo sacrifice.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.2.2: [Obligations to the Ancestors Ritual, 1986]
1986; 4 hrs sound color; video
Full video record documenting a major buffalo sacrifice in the
village of Mangganipi. This feast forms part of a complex system
of ritual exhange among the Kodi people on the island of west
Sumba, Indonesia. Video includes an extended interview with the
principal singer from the feast.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.2.3: [To Set Up the Gong Stand Ritual, 1985]
1985; 2 hrs sound color; video
Full film record shot among the Kodi, pastoral agriculturalists
of west Sumba, Indonesia. Footage documents a feast held to
discharge obligations to the ancestors in order to insure
continued fertility of the village gardens. Documentation
includes ritual oratory by the head priest; preparations for the
feast; dog and chicken sacrifices with priests examining their
entrails as augury; male dancing with spears and buffalo hide
shields; male and female dancing in main ritual compound; women
weaving ikat textiles on back-strap looms; and interviews with
women about courtship, marriage, and polygamy and with village
elders and the sponsor of the feast.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.2.4: [Kodi People on the Island of Sumba, Indonesia, 1986]
1986; 2 hrs sound color; video
Full video record on the Kodi, pastoral agriculturalists in west
Sumba, Indonesia. Video documents the details of brideprice
negotiations, a funeral sacrifice, a market, and preparations for
a feast held to insure the fertility of the land.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.2.5: FEAST IN DREAM VILLAGE
1988; 972 ft (27 min) sound color; video
Edited film on the Kodi, pastoral agriculturalists of west Sumba,
Indonesia. Film documents a ten-day feast in Mangganipi (Dream
Village) which is part of a traditional system of exchange among
the Kodinese. Priests hired by the sponsor of the event direct
the ritual which is intended to restore the fertility of the
village's fields and protect the health of its inhabitants. Film
documents the preparations for the feast, invocation of the
spirits, and the enactment of various sacred rituals. It also
reveals the underlying social drama of the ceremony as it follows
a conflict which develops between the feast's sponsor and the
head priest. Included are commentaries by priests which provide
insights into the meanings of the ritual.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.5.1: [Long Bow Film Project, 1979 and 1982]
1979 and 1982; 125,000 ft sound color; supplementary materials:
1,3,5,6
Outtakes from a film project documenting life in Long Bow
Village, Shanxi Province, north central China. Filming included
funerals, weddings, agricultural methods, two families at home
and at work, village sideline industries, fairs, drinking games,
lao man yue (full month) birthday parties, local operas, local
historical songs and kuai bar, music, movies, vendors, markets,
children's games, classroom scenes, architectural details and
building practices, and street life. Also filmed were festivities
at the lunar new year--Chun Jie (Spring Festival) including:
stiltdancing, lion dances, giant swings, fireworks, new year's
couplets, ancestor worship, and a Lantern Festival. Project also
includes interviews with more than 20 people ranging from village
officials to ordinary peasants covering topics such as: marriage,
divorce, medical care and other social services, the Communist
Party, religion, land reform, co-ops, the Great Leap Forward, an
all-women's strike in a village workshop, practicing geomancy,
footbinding, details of decollectivization, state of Catholicism
in the area, and treating mental illness with traditional
methods. The edited films, STILT DANCERS OF LONG BOW VILLAGE, ALL
UNDER HEAVEN, FIRST MOON, SMALL HAPPINESS, and TO TASTE A HUNDRED
HERBS were produced from this project.
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.5.2: STILT DANCERS OF LONG BOW VILLAGE*
1979; 27 min sound color; video
Edited film shot in the village of Long Bow 400 miles southwest
of Beijing, China. The film explores the tradition of stilt
dancing done on New Year's Day and on other special occasions.
Adult and child performers make up their faces, don costumes, and
dance on stilts in cultural performances which portray folk
heroes and villains. This performance tradition is contextualized
historically with particular emphasis on its revival following
the Cultural Revolution. The film provides examples of the
aesthetics and athleticism involved in stilt dancing as well as
showing how commentaries presented through this cultural form
have become increasingly political and national in scope.
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.5.3: SMALL HAPPINESS: THE WOMEN OF A CHINESE VILLAGE*
1982; 59 min sound color; video
Edited film presents China's rural women telling their own
personal histories. Topics include love and marriage,
childbearing and birth control, family relationships, work, and
foot binding.
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.5.4: ALL UNDER HEAVEN*
1982; 60 min sound color; video
Edited film provides a portrait of a traditional Chinese peasant
doctor, Shen, whose Catholic faith shapes his values and gives
him a special role within his rural community.
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.5.5: TO TASTE A HUNDRED HERBS: GODS, ANCESTORS AND MEDICINE
IN A CHINESE VILLAGE*
1982; 60 min sound color; video
Edited film investigates the process through which the Chinese
villagers of Long Bow, a community of about 2,000 in north
central China, dissolve agricultural collectivism and return to a
system of individual farming. Film follows various inhabitants of
this peasant community through their round of daily activities
before, during, and after the change, discussing the causes and
effects of the new policy. The film introduces viewers to the
social division within the village between Catholics and "the Big
Religion."
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.5.6: FIRST MOON*
1987; 38 min sound color; video
Edited film shot in China among villagers of the Yellow River
Valley. Film depicts the festivities of New Moon, the traditional
15 day period of New Years' celebrations which coincides with the
end of the annual agricultural cycle. Events represented include
private ceremonial observances within households associated with
ancestor worship, the propitiation of Gods which influence
various spheres of peasant life, and the public phases of
celebration lasting until the 15th day. Also included are
processions of stilt dancers, young costumed girls paraded aloft
on metal frames, and the boisterous New Years' shows put on by
neighboring villages in a common market town.
Creator: Carma Hinton, art history graduate student (1948- )
Creator: Richard Gordon, photographer/filmmaker

AS-88.13.1: [Weaving Traditions: Guanxi and Yunan Provinces,
1984-1987]
1984-1987; 3,740 ft (1 hr 54 min) silent color; video
Full film record shot of zhuang and sani textile productions in
Guanxi and Yunan provinces, People's Republic of China.
Creator: Karen Obal, graduate student

AS-88.14.1: [Turanian Herder-Farmers, 1974-1978]
1974-1978; 13,140 ft (6 hrs) silent color; video
Full film record of life among Turanian pastoralists in
northeastern Iran. Documentation focuses on scenes revealing the
gendered division of labor: herding and milking of goats by men,
processing milk into kashk (tart) by women, and men engaged in
the collection of firewood. Other domestic and agricultural
activities shown are plowing and irrigation of fields, harvesting
and drying of barley, animal slaughter, spinning goat hair,
making grape molasses, and drying tobacco. Footage also includes
ceremonial activities associated with Persian new year and
pilgrimages to Islamic shrines.
Creator: Mary Martin, anthropologist (1941- )

AS-88.15.1: [Montagnard-Dega Ethnic Minority People of the
Highlands of South Vietnam, 1988]
1988; 2,440 ft (70 min) silent color; video
Full film record shot by a Vietamese film crew from the
Documentary Film Studio Enterprises of Hanoi, Vietnam, for a
documentary production about the culture of the Montagnard-Dega
people of the central highlands in South Vietnam including the
Bahnar, Jarai, Ede, Rhade, Lak, and Koho ethnic groups.
Documentation in Gai-lai-Kontum Province includes celebrations
and dances of the Bahnar and Jarai peoples including a
reenactment of the Jarai king of fire celebration in Cheo Reo;
landscapes around Pleiku including Bien Ho and Cu H'Drung; and
traditional village life, boar hunting, weaving, and funeral
houses in the Bahnar villages of Lang Co and Cho Gang.
Documentation in Dac Lac Province includes an ede celebration in
the village of Cu Pong (Buon Ho district, Ban-Me-Thuot area)
featuring gong players and working elephants (used by members of
the Dega Highlands Liberation Front for transport of supplies)
and their mahouts in the village of Ban Don near the Cambodian
border. Documention in Lam Dong Province includes a buffalo
sacrifice in Lac Duong by a group of Lak and Koho villagers, a
rice wine celebration, and scenery around Dalat including Da-Tan-
la and Prenn waterfalls.
Creator: Luong Duc, film director

AS-88.16.5: A BIT OF LIFE IN JAVA
1928; 386 ft (15 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film produced by Pathe Science Series in cooperation with
Harvard University's Department of Anthropology includes dance
sequences depicting mythological characters, religious relics,
statues of Buddha, scenes of a marketplace, and women washing
clothes in a river.

AS-88.16.6: WANDERERS OF THE ARABIAN DESERT
1928; 341 ft (11 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film produced by Pathe Science Series in cooperation with
Harvard University's Department of Anthropology depicts life
among Bedouin herders. Included are scenes of their herding and
migration practices, yarn spinning, and the weaving of cloth.

AS-88.16.8: THE MONGOLS OF CENTRAL ASIA
1929; 340 (11 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film produced by Pathe Science Series in cooperation with
Harvard University's Department of Anthropology depicts lives of
native peoples in Mongolia's Gobi Desert. Featured are herding
techniques, the construction of a Mongol yurt, horsemen, and a
sequence which focuses on the phenotypic facial characteristics
of Mongolians.

AS-88.17.1: HORSES OF LIFE AND DEATH (outtakes)
1988; 13,000 ft (7 hrs) sound color; video
Outtakes from the edited film shot among the Kodi of west Sumba,
Indonesia. Film documents two major ceremonial events: a large-
scale pasola, an annual equestrian ritual combat, and the funeral
of an important man of the region. The male spectacle of
equestrian combat is held to ritually welcome the female spirits
of the sea and to ensure fertility and an abundant harvest in the
new year.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.17.2: [Funeral of the Raja of Kapunduk, East Sumba,
Indonesia, 1988]
1988; 3 hrs 45 min sound color; video
Full video record documenting a funeral for an important man in
east Sumba, Indonesia. Documented are the singing of funeral
dirges by the mother, widow, and daughters of the deceased and
the procession to the gravesite. Video was shot in association
with the film HORSES OF LIFE AND DEATH.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.17.3: [Reburial at Weiha, West Sumba, 1988]
1988; 6 hrs sound color
Full video record documenting a funeral ritual among the Kodi
people of west Sumba, Indonesia.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.17.4: [Stone Dragging at Maheng Mata, West Sumba,
Indonesia, 1988]
1988; 3 hrs 22 min sound color; video
Full video record documenting stone-dragging ceremonies among the
Kodi of west Sumba, Indonesia. One of a number of elaborate
funerary practices found in Indonesia which publicly mark the
social status of the deceased, stone-dragging ceremonies are
sponsored by prominent Kodi men while alive to assure themselves
a prestigious grave and the enduring renown of a great feast
giver. Video documents the symbolic stages in a stone's journey
in this tradition of megalithic grave-building.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.17.5: [FEAST IN DREAM VILLAGE Screening, Island of Sumba,
Indonesia, 1988]
1988; 1 hr sound color; video
Full video record documenting the screening of the edited film,
FEAST IN DREAM VILLAGE, for the inhabitants of the Kodi village
of Mangganipi, west Sumba, Indonesia, where the film was shot.
Video engages issues of reflexivity and representation in
anthropological fieldwork and filmmaking.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.17.6: HORSES OF LIFE AND DEATH*
1991; 26 min sound color; video
Edited film on the Kodi of west Sumba, Indonesia. Film explores
the concepts of life and death and the role of the horse as a
messenger between the human and spirit worlds. Two major
ceremonial events are presented: a large-scale jousting battle
held to celebrate fertility and the harvest and a funeral for an
important man of the region.
Creator: Janet Hoskins, anthropologist (1954- )
Creator: Laura Scheerer Whitney, ethnographic filmmaker

AS-88.20.1: [Robert Maher's Footage of the Philippines, c. 1973]
c. 1973; 2,000 ft (72 min) silent color; video
Full film record shot among the Ifugao, northern Luzon, while
Maher was a research associate at the Philippine National Museum.
Footage was produced in the course of a project which combined
archeology and ethnology to reconstruct the evolution of Ifugao
culture. Documentation of Ifugao agricultural and ceremonial
activities includes: the rice terraces of Banaue, spading and
planting of rice fields, transplanting and pounding rice, Banaue
market, Himong (Ifugao ceremony) including a feast and burial, a
wedding dance, and preparations for Bonc (Ifuago ritual) near
Banaue. Also included is miscellaneous footage of dancers and
canoes shot in and around Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Creator: Robert Francis Maher, anthropologist (1923-1987)

AS-88.21.1: BONTOC & BANGAD
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced as a travelogue by Rickshaw Films of Hong
Kong on the Mountain Province of Luzon, Phillippines. Featured
are scenes on Mt. Data in the southern Cordillera Central, in the
municipality of Bontoc on the upper Chico River, and in Bangad
north of Bontoc. Film includes shots of Igorot and Kalinga men
and women, a tattooed Igorot girl, and women carrying loads,
winnowing, and pounding rice.

AS-88.21.2: HONG KONG HANDICRAFTS: JADE CARVING
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong, is a
travelogue featuring techniques of jade carving.

AS-88.21.3: HONG KONG HANDICRAFTS: WOOD CARVING
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong, is a
travelogue featuring techniques demonstrated by Hong Kong
woodcarvers.

AS-88.21.4: SUN MOON LAKE
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Sun Moon Lake, a popular tourist sight in Taiwan.
Featured are views of the lake and scenes in a village known as
Mu-Tan (Sun Moon Lake) which includes dances by descendants of
one of Taiwan's aboriginal groups.

AS-88.21.5: MACAO
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue featuring the Portuguese colony of Macao. Included are
harbor scenes, public gardens, and colonial architecture and
buildings.

AS-88.21.6: MACAO II
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue featuring the Portuguese colony of Macao. Featured are
street scenes and public gardens.

AS-88.21.7: HARVEST DANCE
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue featuring a harvest dance done by one of the
aboriginal peoples of Taiwan, the Ami. Included are scenes of
women in ornate regalia and headdresses doing various dances,
libations of rice wine, and a table piled with rice cakes.

AS-88.21.8: PAGSANJAN FALLS
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of the Republic of the Philippines featuring views of
the Pagsanjan Falls outside Manila.

AS-88.21.9: TAINAN & KAOSHIUNG
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Taiwan featuring views of Tainan and Kaoshiung.

AS-88.21.10: NEW TERRITORIES & CHINA BORDER
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of the Chinese border and surrounding territories.
Film features the border territory between Kowloon and China with
views of rice agriculture and the bridge at LoWu which is the
crossing point for travelers between China and Hong Kong.

AS-88.21.11: MANILA
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Manila, Luzon, Republic of the Philippines.
Featured are harbor scenes, views of the city, public buildings,
and street scenes.

AS-88.21.12: MANILA & TAGAYTAY
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of the cities of Manila and Tagaytay, Luzon, Republic
of the Philippines. Featured are scenes of public buildings and
palatial residences in Manila, countryside scenes moving south to
Tagaytay, and views of Lake Taal.

AS-88.21.13: HONG KONG I
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Hong Kong. Featured are harbor scenes, public
buildings, shot of man smoking opium pipe on streetside,
palanquin bearers, and tram to the peak overlooking the city.

AS-88.21.14: HONG KONG II
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Hong Kong. Featured are scenes of street traffic,
peddie cabs, markets on Ladder Street and Upper Lascar Row, the
Haw Par Mansion, and the Tiger Pagoda.

AS-88.21.15: HONG KONG III
c. 1950; 100 ft (3 min) silent color; video
Edited film produced by Rickshaw Films of Hong Kong is a
travelogue of Hong Kong. Featured are harbor scenes, sailing
junks, Hong Kong's floating city, and restaurants displaying the
available selection of live seafood.

AS-89.2.1: CAMBODIAN DRAMATIC DANCES
c. 1920; 546 ft (25 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film documents an ancient Cambodian dance of Hindu origin
which was performed at Phnom Penh and Angkor Wat into the first
half of this century. Dances illustrate two popular legends:
Prince Chey Chet and the jealousy between his two wives,
Suvinchar and Surya, and the story of Prea Somut and Princess
Butsumali. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film
Collection.

AS-89.2.2: Indian Dramatic Dances (The Nautch) and Yakkun Netuma:
Devil Dancing in Ceylon
c. 1920s; 536 ft (18 min) silent b&w; video
Edited films shot in India. The first film documents the nautch
dance, a style of Indian-influenced dance with characteristic
movements of the head and hands, and depicts the dance's
communicative function. Filmed are dances in Mathura (northern
India) and Conjeevaran (southern India) and Muhammadan dancing
girls in a Kashmir garden. The second film documents a devil
dance which is performed by professional dancers to exorcise the
demons of disease. Films form part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy
Film Collection.

AS-89.2.3: Holi Festival Near Mathura
c. 1924; 141 ft (7 min) silent b&w; video
Footage documents the gathering of Indian Muslim pilgrims for a
Holi festival near the city of Mathura, Uttar Pradesh in northern
India. Film includes scenes of children on a manual-type ferris
wheel and dance and musical performances and shots of large
crowds of villagers. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy
Film Collection.

AS-89.2.4: [Siam Court Dancers of Bangkok and Siam Street Dancers
of Bangkok, c. 1925]
c. 1925; 241 ft (11 min) silent b&w; video
Incomplete edited film, suspected to be professionally produced,
documents young women dancers and a masked dancer in ceremonial
dress in a palace courtyard and street dancers in Bangkok, Siam
(Thailand). Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film
Collection.

AS-89.2.6: [Burma: Pwe Festival and Miscellaneous, c. 1925]
c. 1925; 126 ft (6 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film documents a pwe ceremony typically held to
commemorate the dedication of a house or monastery. Included are
scenes of pwe musicians playing drum, xylophones, and flutes
while young girls dance. Also recorded are shots of local
inhabitants and women washing clothes at river's edge and brief
shots of Pagan, the old Burmese capital, and the Ananda temple.
Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.7: In Japan
c. 1920s; 361 ft (16 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film believed to be a compilation of professionally made
film and amateur film. Depicted are various scenes of daily life
including: monks in a village at the base of Mt. Fuji, rickshaws,
travelling on a narrow gauge railway through a Japanese village,
peasants carrying heavy loads, rice cultivation with oxen, and
boatmen traversing the Hozu rapids with tourists. Film forms part
of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.8: In Korea
c. 1920s; 125 ft (7 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film believed to be mostly amateur film with some
professionally produced footage. Although entitled Korea, film
begins with the site of Murkoden, Manchuria where early Chinese
emperors were entombed and a scene of street activity and rug
making in Tientsin, northeastern China. Segment shot in Korea
includes dance sequences. Film forms part of the Ananda
Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.9: Hagoromo: A Japanese No Play
c. 1925; 812 ft (31 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film depicts a classical Japanese Noh drama about the
legend of Hagoromo, an angel who lost the feathered cloak which
would enable her to return to heaven. Film forms part of the
Ananda Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.10: [Indonesia, c. 1920s]
c. 1920s; 500 ft (15 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film is a compilation composed of an incomplete film by
Burton Holmes and incomplete film or films of unidentified
origins. Included are a harvest celebration dance in Bali, shadow
puppetry, various court dances and performances by itinerant
women dancers, Hindu and Buddhist shrines, market scenes,
examples of batik making and carving, and the harvesting and
pounding of grain. Scenes of a Balinese cockfight are also
featured. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film
Collection.

AS-89.2.12: LES DANSEUSES DE S.M. SISOWAITH, ROI DU CAMBODGE
c. 1925; 162 ft (8 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film produced for Indo-Chine Film shows court scenes with
elaborately-dressed women dancers and men playing drums, cymbals,
xylophones, and flutes. Film forms part of the Ananda
Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.14: UNSPOILED BALI
c. 1924; 196 ft (8 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film produced for Cine-Log Film includes scenes of Bali
and features shots of women carrying loads on their way to
market, various market scenes and landscapes, and a demonstration
of batik techniques. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy
Film Collection.

AS-89.2.15: STREETLIFE IN JAVA and HOW BATIK IS MADE IN JAVA
c. 1920s; 268 ft (10 min) silent b&w; video
Edited films record various street scenes in Java (Indonesia),
including people on their way to market and market scenes and the
process of making batik textiles. Films form part of the Ananda
Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.16: [A Good Sikh Never Cuts His Hair, c. 1920s]
c. 1920s; 113 ft (6 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film shows the wearing of topknots and turbans by Indian
Sikhs and illustrates the technique of tying the hair and turban.
Included is a depiction of the martial technique of throwing the
steel "ring" worn around the turban by Sikhs in the British
regiments. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film
Collection.

AS-89.2.17: [Miscellaneous India, c. 1920s]
c. 1920s; 650 ft (26 min) silent b&w; video
Footage, composed partially of outtakes from Indian Dramatic
Dances (The Nautch), includes various scenes of Indian drummers
and dancers, seated dancer with sitar player, street dancers, and
a dance enactment of the ten avatars of Vishnu. Film forms part
of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film Collection.

AS-89.2.18: [Miscellaneous Japan, c. 1920s]
c. 1920s; 137 ft (6 min) silent b&w; video
Footage, composed of stills and moving images, includes various
shots of domestic scenes, landscapes, and a staged dramatic
performance. Film forms part of the Ananda Coomaraswamy Film
Collection.

AS-89.5.1: Asan Tol Project
1987; 15 hrs 30 min sound color; video; supplementary materials:
3,4
Full video record is a documentation project conducted in a
neighborhood or tol of Kathmandu which derives its distinctive
identity from its importance in the religious geography of the
Kathmandu Valley. During a 12 hour period the life around the
Asan Tol, a central marketplace intersected by six streets, was
documented. Among the scenes recorded are the ritual interactions
of passersby around the Temple of Annapurna, various religious
festivals such as the Buddhist celebration of Pancadana and the
Desan Festival, and the performance of the Mahakali dance.
Creator: Todd Lewis, anthropologist
Creator: Brian Hollander, dentist

AS-89.9.1: [ON THE WAY FROM KANDY TO COLOMBO, c. 1913]
c. 1913; 231 ft silent color; film
Edited film of the Ceylon (Sri Lanka) countryside features shots
of tropical forests, rice plantations, and passersby on foot and
in ox carts along the rail line between Kandy and Colombo,
locales frequented by tourists since the early twentieth century.

AS-89.9.2: GLIMPSES OF CEYLON
c. 1920s; 213 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) which includes jungle panoramas
along a rail line, harbor scenes, shots of a native village with
ox-drawn carts in the street, natives in dugout canoes, a native
raiding party with spears, and elephants bathing.

AS-89.9.3: STREET SCENES AT TOKIO
c. 1910; 30 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film showing passersby and urban landscape in a market
section of Tokyo, Japan.

AS-89.9.4: STREET SCENES IN CANTON, CHINA
c. 1910; 49 ft (2 min) silent b&w; film/video
Edited film depicting pedestrians on the narrow side streets of
Canton, China, along a canal. Images reveal aspects of
traditional dress and public attire among Cantonese of the early
part of the century.

AS-89.9.5: YOKOHAMA
c. 1910; 50 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film showing pedestrians in Tokyo and a bit of street
theatre performed by Caucasian actors made up as Geisha girls and
Japanese men.

AS-89.11.1: METOS JAH HUT
1987; 9 min sound color
Television broadcast produced by Malaysian National Television
from a film project shot among the Senoi of Malaysia documenting
aspects of their religion, mythology, and curing rituals.
Creator: Dhok Dolah Bia, cameraman
Creator: Duncan Holaday, anthropologist (1945- )

AS-89.11.2: [METOS JAH HUT Film Project, 1987]
1987; 900 ft sound color
Full film record shot among the Senoi of Malaysia documenting
aspects of their religion, mythology, and curing rituals.
Television broadcast, METOS JAH HUT, was produced from this
project for broadcast on Malaysian National Television.
Creator: Dhok Dolah Bia, cameraman
Creator: Duncan Holaday, anthropologist (1945- )

AS-89.18.3: THE ORIGIN OF MAN
c. 1920; 336 ft silent b&w; film
Edited film produced by Pathe Review from footage taken in
conjunction with the American Museum of Natural History Central
Asiatic Expeditions (1921-1930). The film builds on the theme of
these expeditions which were intended to establish Mongolia as
the birthplace of man. Although the expeditions ultimately failed
to do this, they do remain associated with the discovery of
dinosaur eggs which established the reptilian, as opposed to the
mammalian, nature of dinosaurs. The film features shots of
archeological sites, the unearthing of a nest of dinosaur eggs,
and excavation of the bones of the "balichitherium," a large land
mammal. Accompanying shots include comparison of "primitive"
cranial types with the phrenology of contemporary Mongolians.
These are intercut with scenes of Mongolian life which include a
pony market where stock is corralled, roped, and culled for sale;
a pony race; and a camel caravan crossing the Gobi Desert.

AS-89.22.12: THE BACK OF BEYOND*
1979; 777 ft sound color; film
Edited film from the BBC Television series, "Japan: The Crowded
Islands," studies the people of Japan's remote Iwate region in
the village of Ishihama and their cooperative efforts for
survival.

AS-89.22.13: JAPAN, THE CROWDED ISLANDS: CITY*
1979; 798 ft sound color; film
Edited film from the BBC Television series, "Japan, The Crowded
Islands," focuses on the Yagi family living in the old section of
Tokyo and discusses modernization of Tokyo and thriving and dying
family traditions.

AS-89.22.14: JAPAN, THE CROWDED ISLANDS: COUNTRYSIDE*
1979; 786 ft sound color; film
Edited film from the BBC Television series, "Japan, The Crowded
Islands," describes the rapidly decreasing agrarian class in
Japan by examining the lives of the Eto family.

AS-90.5.1: [Melemchi Village, Nepal, 1989]
1989; 13,000 ft (6 hrs 5 min) sound/silent color; video;
supplementary materials: 4
Full film record depicting life in Melemchi, a Sherpa village at
the head of the Helembu Valley, Nepal. Created in the winter of
1989, the project was conceived to document the cultural ecology
of Melemchi with a focus on the interactions between herd
management, cyclical Sherpa wage labor migration to India, and
cultural factors affecting family reproduction. Documentation
includes: preparations for and celebration of Losar (Tibetan New
Year); Yung (Buddhist ceremony) at which texts are read;
composting and preparation of fields involving village labor
exchange; various kinds of work associated with transhumant zomo
herds including collection of fodder, milking, and cheese making;
a village meeting with panchayat representatives; a gapte kyungen
(traditional Sherpa marriage) involving symbolic bride capture
followed by the wedding celebration; housebuilding and repair;
the distilling of chang (Sherpa beer) to make rakshi (liquor);
and woman weaving material for a Sherpa jacket. Also included are
interviews with Melemchi men and women with different social
experiences and generational backgrounds. Footage complements
[Melemchi Village, Nepal, 1986].
Creator: Naomi Bishop, anthropologist (1947- )
Creator: John Bishop, documentary filmmaker (1946- )

AS-90.7.5: IN SIAMESE SOCIETY
c. 1919; 787 ft (14 min) silent b&w; video; supplementary
materials: 1
Edited film of an elite Siamese household includes the serving of
a meal, dancing, chewing of betel, and Siamese dress.
Creator: Burton Holmes, travel-lecturer (1870-1958)

AS-90.22.1: [Charles Shontz Footage of Burma, 1955-1956]
1955-1956; 1,700 ft (47 min) silent color; video; supplementary
materials: 4
Footage shot during Shontz' year as a Fulbright teacher in the
Union of Burma. Documented are aspects of daily and ceremonial
life primarily in the locations of Taunggyi, Yaung-whe (on Inle
Lake), Namkhan, Kentung, and Rangoon. Scenes of ethnographic
interest include: the annual Buddhist Festival of Lights in
Taunggyi; a pwe festival sponsored by a Lisu chief at Kentung
near the Laos border which includes shots of Ekaw, Lisu, and
Palaung (Ta-ang) peoples; masked dance by Black Karens in
Taunggyi; Intha "leg rowers" on Inle Lake towing a float with
Buddah images; a festival of the northern Shans in Namkan; and
Hindu fire walkers and Siamese dancers in Rangoon.
Creator: Charles Shontz, Fulbright teacher

AS-91.2.1: Asiatic Potters, India 1938-1939
1938-1939; 717 ft (27 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film of a trip to Asia to view a variety of pottery
techniques. The film concentrates on Indian pottery making,
primarily in the Delhi Pottery Works and Puri, but also includes
brief sequences of pottery making in Burma, Malaysia, Vietnam,
and Japan.
Creator: Adelaide Pearson, Rowantree pottery founder (1875-1960)

AS-91.6.1: TRAVELS OF PONG BARLEY*
1987; 52 min sound color; video
Edited film, which features anthropologist Nigel Barley as he
sets off to do fieldwork on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, is
a humorous and revealing look at the process of doing
ethnography. Film includes ethnographic information on Torajan
village organization and agriculture, woodcarving and
architecture, and religious life.

AS-91.8.1: MARVEL, A JAKARTA BOY*
1974; 605 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia follows a teenage boy from a
migrant Minangkabu family seeking a new way of life in the busy
city of Jakarta, Java (Indonesia). His Islamic family survives in
part through cloth trading and through the boy's selling of
ricecakes outside a tourist hotel.

AS-91.8.2: THE HASANS: A BUGINESE TRADING FAMILY*
1974; 827 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia depicting the life of the Hasans, a
family of Buginese traders, who operate a fleet of boats out of
the western Javanese port of Surabaya. Once pirates of the Java
Sea, the Bugis today run trading junks among the Indonesian
islands.

AS-91.8.3: SWAMI SHYAM*
1977; 696 ft sound color; film
Edited film depicting the daily life of an Indian swami in the
Kulu Valley of the Himalayas. The swami communicates
philosophical understandings of his tradition and demonstrates
techniques of meditation.

AS-91.8.4: PAK MENGGUNG: A JAVANESE ARISTOCRAT*
1974; 740 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia explores the life of Pak Menggung,
a descendant of Javanese royalty who lives in Sulu, Java
(Indonesia). Film details how the elderly aristocrat perpetuates
his traditional language, material culture, and customs in a
society altered by Dutch colonialism.

AS-91.8.8: HARVEST AT NONG LUB*
1971; 694 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia shows the arduous family work
associated with a Thai rice harvest. Scenes of harvest activities
are followed by a day of threshing and a community celebration
which includes dancing and feasting.

AS-91.8.10: MASTRI, A BALINESE WOMAN*
1974; 653 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia details the daily life of a
contemporary Balinese woman from the village of Tungjuk, Bali.
Depicted are routines of rice agriculture, marketing, cooking,
music and dance, and religious practices. Acculturation in family
life is revealed as salient theme.

AS-91.8.11: TARAM, A MINANGKABAU VILLAGE*
1974; 790 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia is set in the village of Taram in
southern Sumatra. Film depicts daily life in a matrilineal
society where clan inheritance is passed from mother to daughter.
Featured is Datuk Panjan, a man of high rank, and a cermony in
which hereditary clan leaders are raised to the position of
datuk.

AS-91.8.12: PADMA, SOUTH INDIAN DANCER*
1977; 728 ft sound color; film
Edited film, by Film Australia, reviews the life of a renowned
Indian dance teacher and examines the Indian guru-disciple
relationship.

AS-91.8.13: THE BAMBOO BENDS AND DOES NOT BREAK*
c. 1970; 2,000 ft sound color; film
Edited film by the Australian Broadcasting Commission on Japanese
History and Culture From the 6th Century to the Present.
Religion, art, and traditional values in Japanese history are
explored.

AS-91.8.14: THE BUPATI OF SUBANG: A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL*
1974; 837 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia looks at the bupati, the
government's chief civilian administrator in the western Javanese
region of Subang (Indonesia), as he administers his
responsibilities in order to maintain peace and harmony in the
region's villages. Events shown include social affairs,
administrative functions, and rural visits.

AS-91.8.15: CHILDREN OF BANGKOK*
1971; 675 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia examines a day in the life of three
young boys from the upper, middle, and lower classes of Bangkok
(Thailand) society. Boys are seen at school, at play, and with
their friends and families.

AS-91.8.16: SINAGA'S FAMILY: A BATAK VILLAGE*
1974; 660 ft sound color; film
Edited film by Film Australia depicts the daily life in a small
fishing village of Lake Toba, Indonesia, inhabited by fifteen
Christian families. Sinaga, the head of one of these families, is
profiled in his role as both fisherman and rice farmer.

AS-91.17.1: [Samurai Sword Polishing, NMNH, December 1971]
1971; 600 ft (18 min) silent color; video
Full film record of a Japanese sword polisher cleaning all the
Samurai swords in the collections. Footage also includes Samurai
warrior; Smithsonian anthropologist, Eugene Knez; and Manager of
the Department of Anthropology's Processing Lab, George Phebus,
examining tsubas (sword hilts).
Creator: Victor Krantz, photographer

AS-91.20.14: JAPAN
1976; 3,093 ft silent color; film; supplementary materials: 1,2,3
Edited film documents travel through Japan. Locales filmed
include Tokyo (Imperial Palace; Palace Hotel; Ginza department
stores; kabuki theatre; sports including sumo, judo, skating,
bowling, and basketball; Buddha of Kamakura; Hakone National
Park; Shinkansen; and Tokyo's "bullet trains"); Okitsu; Nagoya;
Gifu; Kyoto (Imperial Palace, Nijo Castle, Heian Shrine, Golden
Pavilion, and Kiyomizu Temple); Nara (Daibutsu Den, Great Buddha,
and Kasuga Shrine); Inland Sea; Lake Chuzenji; and Kegon Falls.
Other filming includes children at school, the Nogi family at
home, ikebana (flower arranging), making of dolls and lanterns,
evening on a barge with fireworks and dancing, cormorant fishing,
pachinko parlor, manufacture of silk, screen painting, tea
ceremony, bunraku, temple dance, festival, rice transplanting,
fishing, and pearl diving.
Creator: Thayer Soule, travel-lecturer

AS-91.21.3: [Afghanistan, c. 1959]
c. 1959; 1,764 ft (49 min) sound color; video
Edited film documents a hunting expedition sponsored by the
Explorers Club to kill Marco Polo sheep. Footage includes:
hilltop forts; Afghanis carrying firearms near the Khyber Pass;
roadside teahouses, street vendors, and men smoking in the
streets near Kabul and street scenes in Kabul; nomadic Tadzhiks
camel caravans moving to lower elevations near Salang Pass
tunnel; planting rice in Faizabad; Oxus River (Amu Darya River)
near the Chinese border; cave homes in Bamian; blue/green pottery
in Istalif; and hunting sheep.
Creator: Weir McDonald (1899- )

AS-91.21.8: A Trek to Little Tibet
c. 1959; 864 ft (24 min) silent color; video
Edited film records trip through Kashmir (Pakistan and India) and
Ladakh (India). Footage includes: crossing the Wayil bridge in
Srinagar (India); pony treks into the Himalayas; market, school,
spinning, knitting, weaving wool, and women's headdresses in a
small village; marriage ceremony; Ladakhis playing polo;
monasteries with focus on Hemis monastery; chortens, a
prostration ceremony performed in front of stupas; and "Mystery"
plays with masked dancers depicting the fight of Lord Buddha with
evil and ignorance.
Creator: M. Bhavnani

AS-92.10.1: [Asian Market, 1968]
1968; 1,000 ft silent color; supplementary materials: 3,5
Unfinished edited film documenting Talat Nat, a large outdoor
market in Bangkok, Thailand. Footage includes transactions
between customer and seller, goods including various varieties of
food, trance performance, and general market activity.
Creator: Richard Sanderson, media professor on Fulbright
lectureship at University of Chiengmai

AS-92.10.2: [Wat Phrathat Temple, Thailand, 1968]
1968; 1,000 ft silent color; supplementary materials: 3,5
Unfinished edited film documenting the Wat Phrathat Temple near
the king's summer palace on Doi Suthep mountain, northwest of
Chiengmai, Thailand. Footage focuses on the 31 panels encircling
the inside of the temple which depict the life of Buddha and
includes some shots of the exterior and other temples in the
area.
Creator: Richard Sanderson, media professor on Fulbright
lectureship at University of Chiengmai

AS-93.4.1: [Fred H. Werner Travel Footage of South Asia and
Oceania, 1970-1972]
1970-1972; 3,900 ft (2 hrs 26 min) silent color; video;
supplementary materials: 4
Footage shot of the island of Sava'ii, Western Samoa; Papua New
Guinea (east Sepik, Mount Hagen, and Port Moresby areas); Bali;
India; Jammu and Kashmir (northern India); Nepal (Kathmandu
Valley); Sri Lanka; and Philippines (northern Luzon). Features of
ethnographic interest include: Samoan women displaying mats used
in marriage rites; a sing-sing (probably Minj) in the Mount Hagen
area; scenes in Port Moresby; Abelam art in Apangai on the east
Sepik; a Ramayana performance, cockfight, festival, and cremation
(near Ubud) on Bali; various temples in India; nomadic Kugar
people of Jammu and Kashmir; scenes in Srinagar; scenes in Kandy
(Sri Lanka); the carved standing Buddha at Aukana; and Kalinga
women dancing near Baguio, northern Luzon.
Creator: Fred H. Werner, (1936- )

AS-93.6.1: AINU LIFE IN SHIRAOI VILLAGE*
1992; 35 min silent color/b&w; video
Edited film created from contemporary and historical footage by
EC Japan Archives, the Shimonaka Memorial Foundation, and Tokyo
Cinema, Inc. Film contains footage from a 1925 film, AINU LIFE IN
SHIRAOI-KOTAIR, shot by Saburo Hatta. Film depicts aspects of
daily and ceremonial life in the Ainu village of Shiraoi,
Hokkaido, northern Japan. Scenes of men and womens' work include
fishing in canoes on the Chitose River, using tumplines to haul
loads, drawing water, and making thread and cloth from elm bast.
Other depictions include a marriage ceremony, the treatment of
sickness, a funeral, and a Bear Festival. Ainu mortuary practices
observed include the binding of the corpse, processing the corpse
to the grave, and setting up of the grave pole. Documentation of
the Bear Festival shows the making of shaved wooden fetishes,
ceremonial libations of sake, sacrifice of the bear, and the
feasting and dancing that follows. Film contains Japanese and
English intertitles.
Creator: Kazuo Okada, film producer

AS-93.6.2: [House Warming Rites "Chisei-Nomi" in Nibutani, 1993]*
1993; 19 min sound b&w/color; video
Edited film created from contemporary and historical footage by
EC Japan Archives, the Shimonaka Memorial Foundation, and Tokyo
Cinema, Inc. Film contains footage shot in 1934 by anthropologist
N.G. Munro in the village of Nibutani, Hokkaido, Japan.
Contemporary footage shows memorial to Dr. Munro, Saru River,
countryside with mountains and fields, and thatched homes in
Nibutani. 1934 footage depicts house warming rites including
ikema (blowing out evil spirits), saluting and shaving of inau
(wooden fetishes), praying in front of a nusa (altar), and
dancing. The participants wear long robes with headbands, long
wigs, and exaggerated "lip painting." Also included are: chise-
chuccha (shooting magwort arrows into rooftops to drive out evil
spirits), horippa (circular dance with swords), anna-hore (a
linear dance), hararaki (swift dance performed by mostly women),
chappy-yaku (women's dance around scaffold type altar), tapkara
(men's and women's dance), and the preparation of tonto (sake).
Film contains Japanese and English intertitles.
Creator: Kazuo Okada, film producer

AS-93.6.3: [Exorcism Rites "Uepotara" in Nibutani, 1992]
1992; 25 min sound b&w/color; video
Edited film created from contemporary and historical footage by
EC Japan Archives, the Shimonaka Memorial Foundation, and Tokyo
Cinema, Inc. Film contains footage shot in 1933-1934 by
anthropologist N.G. Munro in the village of Nibutani, Hokkaido,
Japan. Historical footage depicts an exorcism including: a tusu
(female medium) entering a trance state and diagnosing a patient,
an ekashi (elder) making a prayer to the kamui fuchi (spirit of
hearth), hand jestures made with inau (wooden fetishes) which are
burned, ekashi invoking mintushi kamui (water spirit) using the
inau by the river and calling on good kamui of the home to fight
the evil kamui, a symbolic "house of evil" made of branches set
on fire, and patient passing through a purification process where
she is lightly beaten with branches and swords, removes outer
garments, and washes face in the river before returning home.
Purification continues around a Uepotara chikuni (tree) where the
ekashi invokes ru-koro kamui (spirit of the privy), invites
kinashut kamui (snake spirit), and finally thumps an enormous
wooden mortar so the spirit will relieve the woman patient of
difficult labor. Film has Japanese and English intertitles.
Creator: Kazuo Okada, film producer

AS-93.6.4: [Bear Sending Fest at Chikaphumi, 1935]*
1935; 13 min silent b&w; video
Edited film depicts a Bear Festival in Chikaphumi near Asahikawa
on Hokkaido, Japan. Footage includes: men chanting and walking a
bear with ropes attached to its neck, dancing, feeding the bear,
elders painting inau (wooden fetishes) which the crowd waves at
the bear, crowd chasing the bear with inaus and shooting it with
bows and arrows until it dies, skinning the bear, marching at
night with torches, making salutations by dabbing white liquid on
bear, and dancing and singing.

AS-93.18.1: [Smithsonian Research Expedition Video Record of
STSI, Balinese School of Performing Arts, 1993]
1993; 82 hrs sound color; video; supplementary materials: 5
Full video record shot in Denpensar, Bali, Indonesia in June
primarily recording the Balinese school of performing arts, STSI.
Record includes an 11 day ceremony to placate the rice goddess
for appropriating land under her domain for building new school
facilities; rehearsals for the Balinese Arts Festival; a tooth
filing ceremony involving children and other family members of
the school's director, I. Made Bandem; and the local market.
Creator: David Schwarz

AS-93.21.2: THREADS OF SURVIVAL*
1991; 25 min sound color; video
Edited film documents the Haong refugees (from Laos to Thailand
to the United States) attempts to hold onto their culture, of
which the weaving and stitching of Pa Ndau cloth has special
significance. Footage includes the Haong New Year's celebration
in Michigan and interviews with Haong elders and adolescents.
Also included is 1969 footage of the Haong in Thailand shot by
William Geddes.
Creator: Kathryn Vander, filmmaker

AS-93.24.8: CURIOS AND CUSTOMS: THE WORLD OF JAPANESE ANTIQUES*
1976; 1,085 ft sound color; film
Edited film introduces a number of collectible curios called
zakki which were utilitarian objects used every day over 100
years ago and explains how these zakki reveal the history and
social customs of their times.

AS-93.24.13: BUDDHISM*
1962; 600 ft sound b&w; film
Edited film traces and compares evolution of various Buddhist
sects. Film looks at worship in India, Ceylon, Burma, Java, Tibet
and other countries where Buddhism is the dominant religion.

AS-93.24.18: JAPAN'S MASS MEDIA*
1980; 940 ft sound color; film
Edited film explores Japan's extensive media industries including
daily newspapers, weekly magazines, book publishers, radio, and
television.

AS-93.24.19: THE JAPANESE*
1969; 1,880 ft sound color; film
Edited film presents post World War II Japan. Shown are the daily
lives of merchants and their wives and the poor; cultural
activities including kabuki theater, puppet shows, and Japanese
and American movies; and supermarkets, drugstores, and department
stores. Narration stresses similarity of social goals of Japan
and the United States. Film is narrated by former ambassador,
Edwin O. Reischauer.
Creator: Igor Oganesoff, television producer

AS-93.24.24: HINDUISM*
1962; 665 ft sound b&w; film
Edited film presents the beauty and mysticism that characterizes
Hindu worship. Film delineates Hindu belief in the basic
spiritual essence of exsistence--the cycle of birth and rebirth.

AS-93.24.38: SOUNDS OF BAMBOO*
1976; 1,512 ft sound color; film
Edited film documents a Tokyo gathering of musicians from
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Thailand playing
instruments which are mostly made of bamboo.

AS-93.24.40: STRENGTH, BULK AND BALANCE: THE WORLD OF SUMO*
1977; 1,008 ft sound color; film
Edited film traces the history of the Japanese sport of sumo
wrestling and shows the daily routines of a number of young
wrestlers training for the sumo championships.

AS-93.25.1: [Japan: Promotional and Theatrical Footage, c. 1927]
c. 1927; 440 ft (17 min) silent b&w; video
Edited film segments believed to be comprised of a theatrical
film, a promotional film, and amateur film of unknown origin.
Silent theatrical film depicts a clash between "Samurais."
Promotional film shows "Geisha girls" taking a boat down river to
a location where they enjoy mud baths and a "Geisha girl" having
her hair restyled. Amateur film records a prone male "circus"
performer "juggling" a young boy on his feet and a parade of
Japanese "warriors."

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