National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives


MASON, LEONARD EDWARD, Papers

In 1938, while Leonard Mason was attending the University of Minnesota, he visited the Swampy Cree at the Hudson's Bay Company's Oxford House in Manitoba, and, in 1940, he did field work among them. The material served for preparing his master's thesis. In 1943, at Yale, he prepared a proposal to study the Beaver Indians and collected a small amount of data about them. The papers are mostly the field materials of these two occasions. There is also a letter from Allan Nelson concerning the Salteaux at Little Grand Rapids in Manitoba in 1938.

DATES: 1938-1943

QUANTITY: ca. .43 linear meter (ca. 17 linear inches)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Notebooks on the Swampy Cree, 1940; (2) Cree bibliography; (3) note slips arranged by numerical scheme; (4) Ojibwa bibliography; (5) maps; (6) photographs, 1938-1940

FINDING AID: None

MASON, OTIS TUFTON (1838-1908), Papers

Otis T. Mason began his career at the Smithsonian while heading the preparatory department of Columbian College (now George Washington University) in Washington, D.C. Initially he was interested in classical studies, but Smithsonian Secretary Joseph Henry and his assistant Spencer F. Baird dissuaded him. In 1873, they convinced him in 1873 to become a volunteer resident collaborator in ethnology specializing the American Indians. In 1884, Mason became a curator in ethnology in the United States National Museum. He was acting head curator of anthropology in 1902-1903 and head curator in 1904-1908. He became active in several scientific societies and was a founding member of the Anthropological Society of Washington, serving as its president in 1893-1894.

Mason spent much of his career classifying and describing ethnological specimens. He also prepared exhibits for the USNM and several international expositions. His many publications on material culture derive from this work and included various articles and monographs on such subjects as weapons, baskets, transportation, and tools. Furthermore, his publications reflect interests in race, agriculture, archeology, migration, and invention. In addition, he prepared field guides for making scientific collections of anthropological materials and reported developments in anthropology in Harper's Record of Science and Industry, the American Naturalist, and Annual Reports of the Smithsonian Institution. The Bureau of American Ethnology adopted his work on a synonymy of Indian tribal names and eventually incorporated it in the Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico (BAE Bulletin 30). He was a proponent of evolutionary ideas of culture history but was also among the first to advance the culture area concept, which grew from his interest in the environmental influences on the stages of culture development. Although Mason's specialization was the American Indian, he studied objects of many cultures of the world.

The papers are very limited in scope and concern only a few of Mason's activities. Included are catalogs, notes, correspondence, printed material, maps, photographs, and other illustrations. There are ethnobotanical notes of Frederick V. Coville, a drawing of a Haida canoe by James G. Swan, a map of the Pomo Country by John W. Hudson, and photographs by William W. Rockhill and Bernard R. Ross, as well as many of Mason's correspondents.

There is much Mason material similar to that of this collection in the manuscript and pamphlet file of the United States National Museum Division of Ethnology (appendix A). The Mason collection of this entry may have been material omitted from that file when it was arranged or later separated from it. Material concerning Mason's administrative career and some outgoing letters that correspond to the incoming ones of this file are part of the records of the Department of Anthropology. Formerly, the collection included letter books of an administrative nature, but they have been moved to the records of the Department of Anthropology. The collection also included a few manuscripts by Thomas Wilson, but they have been incorporated in the Wilson papers that are part of the Manuscript and Pamphlet File. Other material is in the Numbered Manuscripts. The Smithsonian Institution Archives includes a file of letters received by the Smithsonian in response to Circular 316, "In Reference to American Archaeology," which Mason prepared but Joseph Henry signed. The Smithsonian Archives also holds correspondence received from Mason when he was investigating museums in Europe in 1889.

Correspondents include J.W. Benham, E.L. Bingham, Franz Boas, Mrs. E.H. Bradley, H.C. Brown, A. Cohn, Constance G. Du Bois, George T. Emmons, Mrs. I. Frohman, John W. Hudson, Alfred L. Kroeber, Anne M. Lang, S.L. Lee, Charles F. Lummis, Washington Matthews, E.T. McArthur, Charles L. Owen, Ira M. Price, Carl Purdy, Frank Russell, Harlan I. Smith, A.C. Vroman, and C.P.Wilcomb.

DATES: ca. 1892-1904

QUANTITY: ca. .7 linear meter (ca. 2.2 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Basketry; (2) knife collection; (3) mortuary customs; (4) transportation; (5) miscellany

FINDING AID: Leigh H. Coen, Register to the Papers of Otis Tufton Mason. Revised by Kathleen T. Baxter. National Anthropological Archives, 1983

MAYAN CODEX BELONGING TO C.A. SMITH

The donor said the codex was found in an urn in Oaxaca. Matthew W. Stirling, who received the negatives and prints, and Eric Thompson, who was consulted, rejected their authenticity. There is also pertinent correspondence.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 22 items

ARRANGEMENT: Unarranged

FINDING AID: None

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 126

MCBRIDE, GEORGE MCCUTCHEN (1876-1971), Papers

The papers concern the work of a University of California geographer who specialized in Latin America and cultural geography. Included are photographs, notes, and drafts of writings.

DATES: ca. 1900-1965

QUANTITY: ca. 1 meter (3.3 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: Photographs are arranged mainly by geographic area. There are also albums, a diary of Harriet Fields McBride, and a scrapbook of Edna Mary Grover. Other material is unarranged.

FINDING AID: Draft register

DENNIS MCCARTHY PHOTOGRAPHS OF SERIS AND SERI ARTIFACTS

Dennis McCarthy has had a long career in public service in Arizona, serving as State Parks Director, Historic Preservation Officer, and Natural, Cultural Resources and Urban Lands Planner for the State Land Department. After 1970, he paid several visits to the Seri on Tiburoacuten Island and reported being favorably impressed with their artwork.

The photographs show wood carvings, violin and bow, rasp and scraper, cradle, necklace, and baskets. There are portraits of a basket maker, violin maker, and a saleswoman. The album also includes a note on McCarthy's interest in the Seri, a résumé, and bibliography.

DATES: 1970-1983

QUANTITY: 28 color snapshots

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-27

JESSE F. MCCLENDON COLLECTION

The collector was a physiologist and biochemist who taught at the Biological Institute in Sendai, Japan. He assembled the material--postcards and photographs--to support his belief that the American Indian and Ainu were not directly related peoples. McClendon was also interested in ethnobotany, and his American Indian ethnobotanical notes are also in the archives.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 43 items

ARRANGEMENT: Undetermined

FINDING AID: List

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 102

MCCOMBS, SOLOMON (1913-1980), Papers

McCombs was a Creek artist and employee of the U.S. General Services Administration and Department of State. Some materials concern the American Indian and Eskimo Cultural Foundation. There is also material on McCombs' exhibits, tours, and employment.

Correspondents include Acee Blue Eagle, Fred Beaver, Joan Hill, and Robert Mulky.

DATES: 1941-1974

QUANTITY: ca. 1.1 linear meters (3.5 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Correspondence, 1941-1974 (most 1946-1973); (2) lectures, unpublished writings, subject files, 1960-1973; (3) miscellany, n.d.

FINDING AID: Draft register

WJ MCGEE (1853-1912) EXPEDITION PHOTOGRAPHS

The collection consists of negatives and copy prints. They document three major expeditions of WJ McGee, the Bureau of American Ethnology ethnologist-in-charge from 1893 to 1903. In 1894, on the first expedition, photographer William Dinwiddie accompanied McGee. The purpose was to study the Papago. In 1895, on the second expedition, J.W. Mitchell was the photographer, and in 1900, on the third, De Lancey W. Gill was. The last two expeditions were to investigate the Seri of Mexico.

The views are archeological, ethnological, and scenic. Included are Cocopa, Maricopa, Navaho, Papago, Pima, Yaqui, Seri, and Yuma subjects.

Additional photographs made on these expeditions can be found in the Subject and Geographic File, the Glass Negative Collection, and Photo Lot 144.

DATES: 1894-1896

QUANTITY: ca. 730 items

ARRANGEMENT: By tribe or area

FINDING AID: List

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 89

MRS. JUDSON MCGUIRE PHOTOGRAPHS

The complete provenance of the material has not been discovered. Many photographs, however, are on cabinet mounts that include Christmas greetings and some include manuscript messages.

The subjects are mostly Burmese although one print shows a scenic view in Assam. Included are views of scenery, houses, places in Mandalay, and portraits, including Burmese royalty and members of the European community. There are also images that show transportation, monks, and dance. Photographers include Félix Beato and "V. and Thomas, Photographers," both with studios in Mandalay. There are also prints on the mounts of Freuschel and Parfitt, both of Goshen, Indiana.

DATES: 1880s-1910s

QUANTITY: 30 prints

ARRANGEMENT: Unarranged

FINDING AID: None

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74-50

PORTRAITS OF THE MCINTOSH FAMILY

The collection consists of prints showing members of a prominent Oklahoma Creek Indian family. Other photographs of members of the same family are in the Acee Blue Eagle collection.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 6 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 76-29

PARKER PAUL MCKENZIE COLLECTION

Parker McKenzie is a Kiowa. His donation includes copy prints showing himself, his wife, siblings, parents, stepfather (Delos Lonewolf), grandparents, great grandparents, and great grandchildren. His maternal great grandmother's tipi is also included.

DATES: 1890s-1980s

QUANTITY: 8 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-51

SALLY MCLENDON POMO COLLECTION

McLendon is an anthropologist who teaches at Hunter College. Of special interest to her are the Indians of California, especially the Eastern and Southeastern Pomo. The copy prints are selections from her collection.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 44 prints

ARRANGEMENT: Unarranged

FINDING AID: None

RESTRICTION: Some prints are from other repositories and are included for reference purposes only. They cannot be copied for researchers without permission of the original repository.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 82-4

A.B. MCMULLEN COLLECTION

During World War II, Colonel A.B. McMullen was the commanding officer of a United States Air Corps base at Accra, Gold Coast. While there, he and Captain D.B. McCloskey made photographs of ceremonies at Kibi honoring Ofori Atta, a chief in the Central Province; a dance to the god of the sea at Teshi; fishing boats and equipment; and miscellaneous other subjects. McMullen also collected photographic postcards that show a Bwaka female circumcision ceremony and other photographs concerning the Ashanti, Bangala, Banza, Hausa, Kuba, Kumu, Mangbetu, Mputu, and Tutsi. Among the subjects are cacao cultivation, cicatrization, crafts, dances, drums, food preparation, hair style, headdress, and musical instruments. Some photographs are by C. Zagourski, of Leopoldville.

DATES: ca. 1943-1944

QUANTITY: 156 items

FINDING AID: List

RESTRICTION: Some items have been copyrighted.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 90-14

CLIFF MEALY PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE INDIAN OBSERVANCE OF 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE BATTLE OF THE LITTLE BIG HORN

Cliff Mealy, a New York photographer, traveled to Montana hoping to record a large ceremony to honor the battle. Instead, he found that the National Park Service had planned a subdued event for June 24, the day before the actual anniversary, and that many Indians were boycotting the observance. Nevertheless, led by the Dakota Russell Means, American Indian Movement (AIM) members put in a brief appearance, beat drums, and danced. The following day, the Indians began an observance with a sunrise ceremony led by Frank Foolscrow.

The slides and print show events led by the Indians on both days; several portraits of participants, including Means; and views of an Indian encampment at the home of Austin Two Moons, a Cheyenne.

DATE: 1976

QUANTITY: 21 items

RESTRICTION: Mealy has requested that users give credit to the Floating Foundation of Photography, which sponsored his trip to Montana.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-71

WILLIAM F. MEGGERS (1888-1966) FILM

William F. Meggers was a United States Bureau of Standards physicist. His daughter is anthropologist Betty J. Meggers. The films mostly concern public dances and demonstrations. Included are Blackfeet Indians who appeared in Maryland, Menominee on the Keshina Reservation, and Hopi at the El Tovar Hotel near the Grand Canyon. The film is now in the Smithsonian Institution Human Studies Film Archives.

DATES: 1927-1931

QUANTITY: 1 reel

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot Photographic lot 74-29

MRS. JULIAN MEHRER AND ELLEN M. ROSEE PHOTOGRAPHS

The prints show Indians and views at Saraguro, Ecuador.

DATE: 1965

QUANTITY: 6 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-20

HAVILAND SCUDDER MEKEEL PHOTOGRAPHS

H. Scudder Mekeel studied at Harvard University (B.A., 1928), the University of Chicago (M.A., 1929), and Yale University (Ph.D., 1932). In 1929, he was a member of the Laboratory of Anthropology (Santa Fe) ethnological field school session led by Alfred L. Kroeber. In 1929-1932, he carried out three field expeditions to the Dakota Indians of North Dakota, working mainly on the Pine Ridge Reservation. In 1935, he joined the Bureau of Indian Affairs as Director of Applied Anthropology under Commissioner John Collier. In 1937, he was appointed Director of the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe and continued there until 1940, when he accepted a teaching position at the University of Wisconsin.

Most photographs are poorly labeled. Some show Alfred L. Kroeber and students of the 1929 Laboratory of Anthropology Field School group; Henry Lookout, the Osage leader; and John Collier.

DATES: ca. 1929-1944

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Cheyenne [Wyoming] Frontier Days (postcards); (2) Chippewa (one photographs taken in front of the Consolidated Chippewa Agency); (3) Dakota; (4) government field trip, 1935-1936; (5) Hopi; (6) Osage; (7) personal; (8) Pueblo; (9) scenic; (10) Taos; (11) Walapai; (12) unidentified

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 94-21

GROUP PORTRAIT OF GROUND BREAKING FOR MEMORIAL TO FIRST AMERICANS

The item is a thirty-five-millimeter copy negative. It shows a group of Indians and whites at Staten Island for ceremonies sponsored by Rodman Wanamaker.

DATE: 1913

QUANTITY: 1 negative

FINDING AID: None

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 82-55

CLINTON HART MERRIAM (1855-1942) COLLECTION

C. Hart Merriam trained as a physician and worked as a naturalist. He was chief of the United States Department of Agriculture Biological Survey. In 1910, he left government work and, financed by Mary W. Harriman and the E.H. Harriman Fund, devoted himself to research in California, particularly among the Indians there. The collection mainly reflects this later part of his life. Included are prints, lantern slides, and very many negatives. Merriam was an avid basket collector, and very many images are Indian baskets. There are also many that show Merriam's Indian informants. Merriam or his daughter Zenaida Merriam Talbot made most of the photographs. In addition, Merriam collected photographs from other researchers and photographers, including J.S. Dillen, John P. Harrington, Henry W. Henshaw, and O.E. Meddaugh. There are also images from the Boysen Studio of Yosemite. Tribes represented are Achomawi, Atsugewi, Lassick, Maidu (Nisenan), and Miwok. One set of photographs is of Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens).

DATES: ca. 1902-1938

QUANTITY: ca. 5000 items

ARRANGEMENT: Divided into baskets, other subjects

FINDING AID: List

RESTRICTION: Merriam's family has requested that credit be given the C. Hart Merriam collection whenever the photographs are used.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 74-27


Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives