National Anthropological Archives and Human Studies Film Archives


DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY PORTRAIT FILE

The collection includes photographic prints, photo-mechanical prints (including clippings), and engravings. The file--showing anthropologists, other scholars, administrators, and certain noteworthy people--was apparently put together from prints originally acquired by William Henry Holmes, Otis T. Mason, Walter Hough, and other Department of Anthropology staff.

There are portraits of Spencer F. Baird, Carl Hermann Berendt (with Indian boy), Francis Joseph Birtwell, Eugène Boban, L. Dix Bolles, Immanuel M. Casanowicz, Charles Egbert Craddock (Mary Noailles Murfree), Frank H. Cushing (including a photograph of a portrait painted by Thomas Hovenden), Z.T. Daniel, Thomas S. Dedrick, Moses Eames, John Evans, Clinton Brown Fisk, D. Golovneen, George Brown Goode, Edwin H. Hawley, Ferdinand V. Hayden, William Henry Holmes, Earnest A. Hooton, Aleš Hrdlicka, T.C. Johnston, Frank Hall Knowlton, Samuel P. Langley, Joseph LeConte, Leonhard, J. Peter Lesley, Divie Bethune McCartee, Otis T. Mason, Washington Matthews, Isaac B. Millner, Henry Montgomery, Edward Sylvester Morse, Edward Palmer, Frederic W. Putnam, Richard Rathbun, John H. Renshawe, Hugh L. Scott, Charles T. Simpson, Joshua Slocum, Vilhjalmur Stefansson, James Stevenson, Matilda Coxe Stevenson, Ernest Volk, August Bohn von Bohmersheim, Francis A. Walker, Herbert Ward, and Justin Winson. A photograph of an Indian demonstrating sign language is included under the name of WJ McGee.

Photographers include Charles M. Bell, A.E. Dumbie; De Lancey W. Gill, Mme de Hermann, of Paris; Holland, of Trenton, New Jersey; Charles Lainer, J. Notman; Charles Parker, George Prince, Macnabb, of New York; Moses P. Rice; Napolean Sarony; S.S. Teel; and A. Yasvoin, of St. Petersburg, Russia.

DATE: ca. 1864-1921

QUANTITY: 76 items

ARRANGEMENT: Alphabetical

FINDING AIDS: List

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 70

COLLECTION OF THE REFERENCE SERVICE BRANCH, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

Included are photographic prints of Kiowa girls, a Comanche woman with her baby, the aftermath of the Battle of Wounded Knee (with negatives), and views of Weber Canyon, Colorado; half-tone prints of the Old Creek Council House at Okmulgee, Oklahoma, and Creek Chief Isparhecher; and a color postcard showing Buffalo Bill's grave.

DATES: No date

QUANTITY: 13 items

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 75-65

HERBERT W. DICK'S PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN DURING THE BAT CAVE EXPEDITION

The copy prints are of photographs made at Bat Cave, Catron County, New Mexico, an ancient site containing corn. Most photographs show excavations sponsored by the Harvard University Peabody Museum and the University of Colorado Museum in 1950. Some include portraits of Hugo G. Rodeck, Ernst Antevs, Hugo C. Cotter, Herbert W. Dick, Martha Dick, Robert P. Goethals, Charles McGimsey, Jeffery V. Morris, Eloise Richards, C. Earle Smith, Jr., Roberta Smith, and C. Earle Smith, Jr.

DATES: 1947-1950

QUANTITY: ca. 82 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 86-67

PORTRAIT OF GEORGE AMOS DORSEY

The print is from a portrait in the National Cyclopedia of Biography, 1932, vol. 22, p. 200. Dorsey is in a United States Navy uniform.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 1 print

RESTRICTION: The photograph is available for reference purposes only.

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-11

CHARLES EDWARD DOTY (d. 1921) PHOTOGRAPHS MADE IN CUBA AND THE PHILIPPINES

Early in his career, Charles E. Doty was a portrait photographer in Hamilton, Ohio. Later he worked for a photoengraver. Following the Spanish-American War, Doty became the "official photographer of the United States government in Havana," a civilian employee of the Engineers Department, Division (later Department) of Havana, Military Government of Cuba. Doty's duties were to document progress under American rule. This work came to a temporary end with the transfer of power to Cuban civilian authorities. Doty returned in 1907-1908 during renewed American control, but the photographs of the collection concern the earlier period.

In 1904, Doty entered the Philippine civil service as a photoengraver with the Bureau of Printing. Except a break in service from 1907 to 1912, he continued in the Philippines until around 1920. Then terminally ill, he was forced to return to the United States.

Presumably, some glass negatives and positives (plus one film negative and one print) of this collection were not part of Doty's official duties. A few Cuban photographs, however, were probably official, for they bear the identification of the Engineer's Department, and their subjects fit official purposes (see, for example, official photographs in "American Progress in Habana," National Geographic Magazine, volume 13, number 3 (1913), pages 97-108).

The images include many views of Havana harbor and its wharfs with ships of the United States and other nations. There are views of the wreckage of the USS Maine and one picture of the wreckage of the Spanish ship Alfonso XII. Other views include government buildings, churches, and private residences. Many street scenes (some apparently intended to show poor living standards) and views of parks are also included. In addition, there are depictions of American military personnel and installations and views of Spanish fortifications, the latter including many of the Cabaña and El Morro. Other images show ruins of the old city walls and the Cemeterio de Espade. A small series illustrates a garrote and demonstrates its use.

Other than incidental inclusions, only a few photographs show the people of Cuba. Those that do include reconcentradoes, farm families, and people involved in transportation, industry, and commerce. A few pictures show President Tomás Esytrada Palma's inauguration and include portraits of the man, views of street decorations, and a view of the Cuban military entering Havana.

Although most of the Cuban photographs were made in Havana, there are some made in the countryside and in towns and villages. A few were made on the Isle of Pines. Doty took most, but other photographers made a few, including a Mr. Miles and Gómez de la Carreros. The latter include images apparently predating the Spanish-American War.

There are thirty-five Philippine photographs. They are perhaps more clearly the result of Doty's off-duty efforts. The pictures are a miscellany, the only prominent series showing the old walls and gates of Manila. Otherwise, they include views of churches, country scenes, river scenes, Bilibid prison, and Fort Santiago. There are also portraits of Filipinos.

DATES: ca. 1896-1912

QUANTITY: 300 items

ARRANGEMENT: By country, but otherwise unarranged

FINDING AID: None

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 73-26A

REUNION OF ANDREW ENDICOTT DOUGLASS'S FIRST TREE RING CLASS

The photographs and a few textual documents concern the class's reunion at the University of Arizona on its fifty-fifth anniversary. Pictured are Bryant Bannister, Florence Hawley Ellis, Emil W. Haury, Clara Lee Tanner, Raymond Thompson, and Waldo R. Wedel (who donated the material).

DATE: 1985

QUANTITY: 6 prints plus 5 pages of textual material

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 85-12

ARTHUR WESLEY DOW VIEWS OF LAGUNA, ZUNI, AND CLIFF DWELLINGS NEAR FLAGSTAFF

Dow was a painter and art theorist whose ideas on composition influenced some turn-of-the-century art photographers. The collection consists of copy prints and negatives lent by Barbara Wright, of Bernardsville, New Jersey. Dow took the pictures while he was on a trip to meet Indians.

DATE: 1911

QUANTITY: 24 items

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 77-69

DRUCKER, PHILIP (1911-1982), Papers

Philip Drucker trained in anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. As a student of Alfred L. Kroeber, he worked among the Tolowa in 1933 and Indians of western Oregon in 1934. He based his dissertation on investigations of the Nootka on Vancouver Island of 1935-1936. As a National Research Council fellow in 1937, he worked among British Columbia coastal Indians and carried out an archeological survey there. In 1938, he undertook an archeological project in the Grand Coulee area for the Spokane Historical Society.

In 1940, Drucker joined the Bureau of American Ethnology and became an assistant to Matthew W. Stirling on an archeological expedition to investigate Olmec culture in the Mexican state of Veracruz. After that, except for interludes of military service, Drucker was annually involved in studies of Mexican antiquities. In 1940, he assisted at Tres Zapotes; in 1941, at Cerro de las Mesas; in 1942, at La Venta; and, in 1946, at San Lorenzo. In 1947, he surveyed the Chiapas highlands; in 1947, the Chiapas coast; and, in 1953, the Olmec regions of Tabasco and Veracruz. During 1954-1955, he joined Robert F. Heizer and Robert J. Squier in excavations at La Venta.

Throughout his career with the Smithsonian, Drucker continued his interest in Northwest Coast Indians; and, besides the work in Mexican archeology, he carried out several projects to supplement the field data he had collected earlier. In 1952-1953, he returned to the Northwest Coast and, operating from Juneau, Alaska, investigated the Alaskan native brotherhoods. In 1947, he became chief of River Basin Surveys activities on the West Coast.

A naval officer during World War II, Drucker saw active duty between 1942 and 1945. Recalled to duty in 1948-1952, he served as staff anthropologist with the United States Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. He resigned from the Bureau of American Ethnology in 1955; and, after a period of nonanthropological work in Mexico, he reentered anthropology as a visiting professor at the University of Kentucky (1967, 1968-1969), University of Colorado (1968), and Baylor University (1979). He became professor of anthropology at Kentucky in 1969-1978 and professor emeritus in 1978.

The material concerns Drucker's work before 1955. Included are field notebooks, printed material, drafts of manuscripts, notes, cartographic material, drawings, photographs, writings, historical documents, and copies of United States government documents. There are also letters of William Beynon, Alfonso Caso y Andrade, Juan Comas, William Duff, Eusebio Dávalos Hurtado, Robert F. Heizer, Arthur Kidder II, Walter McCall, Eduardo Noguera, Morris E. Opler, William L. Paul, Sr., Daniel F. Rubín de la Borbolla, William Scow, John Sorenson, and Matthew W. Stirling. Also incorporated are notes (often comments and suggestions regarding Drucker's work) by Alfred L. Kroeber, photographs of Nootka by R. Maynard, copies of papers by William Beynon and Viola E. Garfield, a catalog of an Alaskan collection of Edward G. Fast, a field notebook relating to the British Columbia coast archeological survey by Richard K. Beardsley, notes on Alsea by John Albert, and miscellaneous papers concerning Micronesia. The latter includes material by Harry K. Uyeharan on Angaur clan organization, J.E. Tobin on the Bikini, and George E. Thompson on education in American Samoa.

DATES: ca. 1933-1954

QUANTITY: ca. 2 linear meters (ca. 7 linear feet)

ARRANGEMENT: (1) Northwest Coast native brotherhoods; (2) Northwest Coast Nootkan tribes; (3) Northwest Coast miscellaneous ethnology (on the Bellabella, Tsimshian, Kwakiutl, Bellacoola, Wikeno, Haida, Haisla, Xaihais, and Heiltsuk); (4) Northwest Coast archeology; (5) Northwest Coast cultural element distribution; (6) Oregon Coast and Northern California (including material on the Coos, Alsea, Clackamas, Tolowa, Karuk, Chinook, Karok, and Yurok); (7) southern California (including material on the Diegueño, Akwa'ala, Yaqui, Papago, and Luiseño); (8) Southwest Yuman-Piman tribes; (9) miscellaneous North American ethnology; (10) Mesoamerican archeology; (11) Micronesia (including material on Kili, Likiep, Jaliut, Ebon, Angaur, and other islands)

FINDING AID: Box list

CALL NUMBER: Manuscript 4516

A. DUPERLY AND SONS JAMAICAN PHOTOGRAPHS

All images are of Blacks. One shows a man with a violin, and the other two show women that may be in Near Eastern costumes.

DATE: No date

QUANTITY: 3 prints

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 87-33

EUGENE S. DUTCHER PHOTOGRAPHS

Eugene S. Dutcher was the first Methodist missionary at the Piegan Indian Mission. His photographs, mostly original prints, are a miscellany of Montana scenes made between 1892 and 1899. Most are scenic views. Some show ranches. Others are views of the mission church and the missionaries' home and show members of Dutcher's family. A few photographs depict a town parsonage at Kalispel, Montana; log cabins; railroad trains; and railroad bridges. Among several Blackfoot Indian subjects are portraits of Mrs. Four Horns, Charley Lazyboy, and Jim White Calif. There are also views of a Sun Dance, the Indian School at Browning, and the Fort Lewis Indian School. Some photographs show Indian camps.

DATE: 1892-1898

QUANTITY: ca. 200 prints

ARRANGEMENT: Unarranged

FINDING AID: None

CALL NUMBER: Photo Lot 92-9


Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives