Chapel at Santee, 1880. Photo Lot 24, Inv. 00509500.
of A. L. Rigg's House 1880. Photo Lot 24, BAE 23, Inv. 00512000.
At 9. A.M. attended Mission school. Children sang, read responses
from Psalms. Prayer. New scholars, one boy cries, finds some
solace in keeping his hat on. Class in arithmetic. 14 - 9 girls.
Wrote up to 600, studying one month, numbers given in English.
Two weeks of the time spent on from 1 to 20. 13 and 15 the numbers
last taught. 30 & 50 the same. Sounds alike.
Class Multiplication - given out, 3 minus 4 twelves.
Class gone up and down 8 scholars, 4 girls 4 boys. Twelves in
64 - sevens in 49. Teachers addition, subtraction, multiplication
and division at once. Reading - 4 sound of words, recitation,
very clever and well done.
Gymnastics, counting and [?] very well done. First case in
arithmetic. To 4 boys, 3 girls. Difficulty in acquiring fixed
Gifts and barter being the custom. Each man putting on the
articles his own valuation, regulated by a sort of common custom
or opinion. The idea of fixed law outside of individual thought
one of the peculiarities of development - strictly racial. Very
hard in doing a sum, to keep clearly the condition of the problem.
The teacher very clever. Mr. Robbins - he makes the subject
very practical and clear. A wonderful gain in old methods. Marvelous
patience. The Indians are not intellectually slow, but slow
in manifesting their intellectual results, this must be overcome
in meeting civilization. The lack of value of time enters into
this peculiarity, and when the people can comprehend that laws
are beyond mans touching the improvidence so characteristic
of the Indian will be partly overcome.
Mr. Robbins trained at Hampton, an octoroon. White teachers
would not eat with him there, until a year - a very fine teacher,
Reading and writing taught at the same time, also punctuation
First taught to read Sioux by a book containing pictures and
the Sioux name for the object. Then a book similarly arranged
with English and Sioux. The pictures colored and very attractive.
Guyots geography translated into Dakota.
New scholars - A large and figured blue calico and moccasins
embroidered in blue beads in pattern, black, yellow and red,
colored handkerchiefs - all bead work shows the trace of antecedent
porcupine work. Chinese fans, almond shaped eyes, wide apart,
flat faces, large mouths, large square teeth, two front teeth
turn out at side edges.
A map of states west of Lake Michigan and south line through
Kansas and Colorado - The Sioux land painted green. Class in
translation. Question given in English. Ann can roll the hoop
well. Is that the ox that eats the corn. Section in Dakota:
- I have a nice doll. John has a large brick house. Did you
ever know an ox or a pig as fat or as large as this ox and this
pig. Tatanka wan quais kukuse wan tatanka kinde qua kukuse kinde
iyecan cipa qua iyican tanka tohinni sdom-yaya he.
Among the Omahas in the best classes when a man well off dies,
the relations gather together and all the property is kept for
the children - the eldest, whether boy or girl, gets the largest
share, the rest getting equal shares, in which the wife is included.
If the husband has expressed his wish, before his death it is
like a will. This is always respected by the good, but sometimes
there are avaricious relatives, and they defy the wish of the
deceased, and divide the property among themselves. The wife
gets nothing if there are no children - unless her husband wills
otherwise. The widow generally marries again and this is - -
[?]. When there is no will the property goes to the relatives.
Indians write cipher letters. Susette writes one for Wajapa
in which he conveys to his friend intelligence that the agent
can not understand, it all appearing simple on the surface.
Mr. Riggs says Mr. R. has noticed the same among the Dacotas.
A man will say something that can be taken in more than one
way and only one in the secret can get at the true meaning.