of Sitting Bull, his mother, and his daughter holding child.
Photograph by Miller, n.d. Photo Lot 24, Inv. 00500700.
from Mrs. Andrew's parlor, Fort Randall.
Left Fort Randall, Sunday, A.M., taking breakfast at 6.15.
Started 6.30. I rowed across the river. The Inspector Gen. too
impatient to wait for the ambulance to come walked on till the
vehicle overtook us, then over the river before sunrise. Saw
a mist or steam - supposed it was the usual mist but it was
hot springs. Had to wait at the stage office, a wide room, a
log house. Here the men lodgers of the hotel - a series of log
houses across the muddy way, came to wash their faces. It was
a queer sight, blowing noses, spitting and washing in a tin
We were off and the negro driver was quite chatty to his horses.
"What ye about, Kaiser", "Step up little one,
come, come, Walk round children &c."
A pleasant talk with Insp. Gen. about Sitting Bull and Ethnography.
The "dug-way" a road out in the side of the bluff,
clay above, mud below and a precipice at one side, was rather
a striking piece of road. The turns were sharp and the driver
called out lustily to learn whether any one was in advance,
for passing was impossible. We swung around, the four horses
and ambulance made a long line to sweep. After five miles of
dug way we got out of gumbo but got in again. After many miles
we rose upon the upper prairie going by the usual steep hills
upward. Then on, on, on, over the endless desolate parry. Tepees
here and there. At last a number of hay stacks and then the
Mission farm, and again that down, down to where the Agency
and Mission buildings are located.
Once there were four brothers living together. While they were
out hunting, one of them, the youngest, got a sharp stick in
his foot and it swelled so he could not go out hunting with
his brothers. While his brothers were gone he worked to get
the splinter out and wrapped it in a piece of buffalo hair and
after he got it out he was thirsty and went to get a cup of
water for himself to drink. As he came back near to the tent,
he heard the cry of a child and he stood still and wondered
and wondered what it was. When he went in he found the stick
had turned into a child and it lay wrapped in the buffalo hair,
and it was a little girl. When his brothers came back he told
them about it and they were all very glad and said, "What
shall she be to us? Let us call her our Mother", but they
concluded that would not do. Then aunt was suggested but that
did not suit them - Then cousin, but that failed, then the youngest
said, "We havent any sister, let us call her our
sister". So it was agreed to call her sister. Then the
older brother said, "I wish my little sister would grow
up so she could run about and bring us water". She grew
up in an instant and was able to run about and fetch water for
her brothers. Next one said, "I wish my little sister would
grow up and be able to cook and dress skins and make moccasins
for us", and in an instant she grew larger and was able
to do those things. The third brother said
said, "I wish my sister would be able to call to us all
the animals that are used for food", and in an instant
she was able to make her voice heard all over and the animals
to obey. Then her brothers asked her to call the game in, and
she asked them to comb her hair and paint the parting of her
hair red, and then she made them make a scaffold, and then on
that they put her and they all stood ready to shoot, and they
stood in a door. She called the game in. Three times she called
and then they saw the dust in the air the animals made by running,
coming toward them. The fourth time she called they were in
sight, the brothers began to shoot, buffalo, elk, deer, antelope,
bear, raccoon. All came making dust like smoke, floating in
the air. The brothers keep shooting until it began to get dark.
They had killed a great many of them.
She did this several times, and one day the brothers were about
to go out and they advised her not to speak to any one during
their absence whoever it might be and she promised not to do
so. When they were gone she saw the monkey coming along, carrying
a bow made of willow and rush arrows. He had a bag full and
came and asked her to call the animals for him to shoot, but
she would not even look at him or speak to him. He kept begging
and begging her to do so finally she consented. She asked him
to comb her hair and paint the parting red and place her on
the scaffold. She called and at the third time she saw the dust
raised by the animals slowly rise in the air and she said, "Pity
me and for my sake exert yourself and kill the strongest ones".
And the monkey said, "I will, Ill be sure to do so",
and she said, "If you dont Ill be carried off".
The first that came was a big buffalo and the monkey shot with
his rush arrows but they wouldnt go straight and the arrows
did not touch him so he passed on and the animals kept passing
and passing but he could kill none. Every time he missed he
would say, "Hei, hei," a cry of despair, and then
the girl began to cry as she saw be killed none.
The animals began to come in crowds. Last came a big elk with
antlers and came rushing on, straight for the scaffold. The
monkey shot but nothing was touched, but the elk came on straight
for the scaffold, pushed it down and carried the young maiden
off tangled in his horns.
The monkey went off. The brothers came home and saw the scaffold
turned down and no one in the tent. When they saw their sister
had been carried off they cried and cried and put clay on their
heads and cut their robes in two. They searched for her everywhere,
but could find no trace.
The youngest brother went out and went on the top of a hill
and sat and cried and cried until he was so hoarse and tired
that he stopped crying and fell asleep. When he woke up he heard
the voice of a woman crying and he got up on his hands and knees
and listened, and it was not in the air and the voice was not
on the top of the earth. He couldnt make out where it
The voice kept on calling, "Brothers come and help me!"
He turned his head on one side and held his ear toward the earth,
then he knew the voice of his sister crying in the earth and
right under him. He did not know what to do, so he went back
and told his brothers he had found his sister but how to get
her back again he did not know, Then all the brothers went to
the place and did not know what to do. All listened and was
sure the voice came from beneath, under the ground. The youngest
said to the eldest, "Were you never made holy? Have you
never had dreams of animals that would give you power?"
He said, "Yes, I dreamed of an animal which told me that
when in trouble to remember him and do this," at the same
time he took his war club and struck the ground. He made a crack
in it but not very large and the big hill began to open a little.
The next brother did the same and made the crack larger. The
third did the same. When the youngest ones turn came he
gave the earth a tremendous blow and split the hill in two;
and there inside they saw their sister tied by the arms over
the doorway and as every animal went through the doorway they
gave her a push with their horns and pass out and she would
swing back again. They kept killing the animals, saving a male
and female of each kind and naming them at the same time. To
the Elk, they said, "Go, you shall, be called
Elk", same to buffalo until they had named all of them.
Then they took their sister and made a sweat house for her,
and made her go in alone, and she came out cured of her hurts.
[End of Diary]