Records of the Department of Anthropology
U.S. National Museum /
National Museum
of Natural History

By James R. Glenn

Revised by
Robert Leopold

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

August 2000

 

SERIES 17: DIVISION OF ETHNOLOGY. MANUSCRIPT AND PAMPHLET FILE. 495 inches.

For those who are searching for anthropologically substantive materials, special note should be made of the Manuscript and Pamphlet File. A potpourri of documents, the file includes correspondence, notes, drawings, maps, photographs, printed and processed materials, paper specimens, reports, writings, catalogs, motion picture film (now in the Smithsonian's Human Studies Film Archives), bibliographies, and other types of documents. Of concern is a wide variety of subjects such as anthropological specimens, museology and museums, Smithsonian history, archaeological and ethnological methods, exhibits, expeditions, history of anthropology, and so forth.

The file seems to have been maintained in the Division of Ethnology--in one document it was referred to as Herbert W. Krieger's morgue--and the subject matter is largely ethnological. Nevertheless, some documents relate to archeology and physical anthropology. The file also contains administrative materials, such as records relating to the Department of Anthropology's use of Work Projects Administration workers during the 1930s. In addition, the file is the main location of materials not generally accepted as being strictly anthropological in the modern sense. It includes, for example, material on period costumes, fish and fisheries, whaling, religions, armor, biblical studies, modern appliances, the seal industry, European music and musical instruments, lace, aeronautics, and other similar subjects. In addition, the file includes sets of papers of Edwin H. Hawley (d. 1918), Walter Hough (1859-1935), Otis T. Mason (1838-1908), Talcott Williams (1849-1928) and Thomas Wilson (1832-1902).

Some documents, both primary and secondary research materials, concern the following cultural groups and geographic areas: Arabs, Bannock, Baubi, Blackfoot, British Columbia, Caddo, Carib, Chinook, Cochiti, Comanche, Cossacks, Cuna, Delaware, Diegueño, District of Columbia, Dyak, Eskimo, Europe, Fox, Goajira, Haida, Hawaii, Hittites, Hupa, India, Innuit, Iran, Ireland, Jamomadi, Japan, Jivaro, Kabyles, Kiowa, Kirghese, Klamath, Korea, Luiseño, Madagascar, Madiera, Maidu, Makah, Maori, Mataco, Maya, Micmac, Micronesia, Mission, Modoc, Mohave, Mongolia, Moro, Morocco, Naltunnetunne, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Navaho, New Guinea, Nez Perce, Nubia, Omaha, Onandaga, Osage, Oto, Papua, Parsee, Pawnee, Peru, Philippines, Pomo, Pueblo, Puerto Rico, Pygmies, Quichua, Quinaielt, Samoa, Sauk, Seminole, Seri, Shoshoni, Spain, Tahiti, Tesuque, Thailand, Texas, Tolowa, Tonga, Tulalip, Utah, Virginia, Washo, Wichita, Wintun, Yavapai, and Zuni.

The Manuscript and Pamphlet File is arranged alphabetically by subject or creator. There are 961 numbered folders, many of which contain multiple items.

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BOX 1

AFRICA

1 Correspondence with and about Charles Church Roberts' collection of African art and its exhibit.

2 Notes by Richard Lynch Garner on dance and divination among the Nkomi tribe and notes on miscellaneous other matters.

3 Printed material:

"Exhibition of the Herbert Ward African Collection," 1922.

"Belgian Congo at War as Seen by Andre Cauvin," exhibit, n.d.

Life, May 4, 1953: issue on "Africa, A Continent in Ferment."

AGRICULTURE

4 Bibliography, mostly 19th century publications with sections on agriculture.

5 Clippings from newspapers and journals, including article and illustration of the Aspinwall potato planter, an illustration of an elephant drawing a plow, and other similar items.

ALASKA

6 Partial inventory of USNM totem poles.

Copy of letter of Thomas E. Winecoff re discovery at Ft. Yukon in 1916 or 17 of burials using hollowed out logs as coffins.

ALBANIA

7 Clippings, including illustrations of soldiers and of Prince Prinkdodee, President of the Provisional Albanian Government.

ALPHABETS

8 Samples in Arabic and Roman alphabets.

ANDERSON, MCKENZIE, YUKON RIVER SPECIMENS

9 Typed lists of G. P. Gaudet, B. R. Ross, R. McFarlane, and R. Kennicott collections.

ANIMAL PRODUCTS

10 Photograph of Belestoma grandis by H. D. McGovern, ca. 1878.

Note on Rhinoceros horn and use by "Hottentots," with sketches of tools made from the horn.

List of animals with their uses.

List of specimens purchased or to be purchased for USNM collection.

List of specimens of Fishery Section, with photograph.

W. H. Abbott notes on location of storage for specimens.

11 Correspondence, 1880-93, of R.E. Earll, Charles W. Smiley, W. A. Wilcox, F. J. Kaldenberg. In part, on fisheries and fish; in part on collecting specimens for the museum.

12 M. Aug. Dumerill, "Animals Useful to Man: Program of a Course in Zootechny, or Applied Zoology."

13 Catalog of cooper's tools collected in 1882 by James T. Brown from New Bedford whaling vessels, with copy of letter, ca. 1885.

14 "Products of the Animal Kingdom at the World's Fair."

"Description of Exhibit" of S. Oppenheimer and company, New York, at World's Fair.

Exhibit labels.

BOX 2

ANNAMITE CHRISTIANITY

15 Notes and clippings on architecture by E. H. Hawley.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF WASHINGTON

16 Newsletter, November 1972.

ANTHROPOLOGY

17 List of publications of various learned societies, with one note in hand of O.T. Mason.

18 Notes, around 1906, on need for systematic collecting, support for care of ethnological specimens by Walter Hough.

Review of BAE Annual Reports 5 and 6 that appeared in The Scottish Highlander, signed H.R.M., ca. 1890.

Photo of exhibit(?) map showing by illustrations the peopling and diverse native cultures of the Americas (#8137)

CORRESPONDENCE

19 Jesse Walter Fewkes to Otis T. Mason, June 18, 1891, on general activities of the Boston Society of Natural History.

James C. Pilling to Mason, June 2, 1891, with list of Americans eminent in American linguistics.

Charles C. Jones, Jr., to Mason, January 4, 1892, re Mason's wish to reconstruct Creek dwellings.

Washington Matthews to Mason, June 28, 1891, re explorers, army officers, etc. who had contributed to ethnological studies.

Horatio Hale to Mason, July 30, 1891, re sources of information on ethnological work.

MANUSCRIPTS

20 Draft by Mason of part of a manuscript apparently prepared for the World's Columbian Exposition on the development of anthropology in the United States.

21 Richard Rathbun to Otis T. Mason, June 9, 1906, calling for a history of the divisions in the Department of Anthropology, with attached partial manuscript and notes.

APACHE

22 Printed copy of Gen. George Crook to Herbert Welsh, Indian Rights Association, 7/16/84, re conditions and prospects of Apaches, with introduction by IRA.

ARABIA

23 Printed material.

Typed statement re appearance and dress of the Arab perhaps for popular distribution.

ARCHEOLOGY

24 Bibliographies for distribution to the public by the Smithsonian.

ARCHEOLOGY--CORRESPONDENCE

25 A.E. Douglass to Otis T. Mason, June 3, 1890, on shell heap sites on the coast of Florida.

J.D. McGuire to Mason, October 18, 1890, on shell heap habitations.

R.E.C. Stearns to Mason, October 28, 1890, on shell heaps on the west coast of the United States, species included.

ARCHEOLOGY--MISCELLANY

26 List of specimens in shell heaps on American coasts.

Notes on shell tools.

Notes on earthworks and mounds by Otis T. Mason.

Processed material: Eugen Alexander's "Jenissei"; "Karagussen"; "Mongolen"; "Samojeden"; "Wogulen"; "Soyoten".

27-8 Miscellany, mostly printed and processed material.

Outline for "Field Archaeology: A Manual for Use in Eastern North America" by Committee on State Archeological Surveys, National Research Council.

Steven M. Spencer, "They're Exposing America's Oldest Secrets" Sat. Eve. Post, May 8, 1954 re RBS.

ARCHEOLOGY--OVERSIZE

29 Charts and illustrations of European prehistoric cultures.

ARCHERY

30 Catalogs and magazines

ARMENIA

31 Clippings.

BOX 3

ARMS AND ARMOR

32 George Cameron Stone, "Classified Index to Arms and Armor".

ARMOR

33 Walter Hough, "Armor of the North American Aborigines."

Notes by Hough and others, worldwide.

Sketches

Labels

H.W. Henshaw to Hough, n.d., offering use of his material.

Photographs, including Ossetes, Ginwani, Caucasus, #178,328.

Vocabulary of terms

34 Printed material

35 List of USNM specimens of bows and arrows and tools for arrow makers, with accession numbers, tribe, and collector.

35A R.S. Geuve to W.H. Holmes, 1/5/99, transmitting letters and photos.

E. Gughelmini to S.P. Langley, 12/4/98 offering collection for sale.

Description of items in collection.

15 photographs with descriptions on back.

ATAKAPAS

36 Clipping.

AUSTRALIA

37 Copy of John Mathew's article, "The Cave Paintings of Australia; their authorship and significance."

BAGS AND POUCHES

38 Walter Hough's article clipped from BAE Bulletin 30.

BARK

39 Photographs by Albert Ernest Jenks:

"Winnowing the Grain"

"Mococks, birch-bark baskets"

Photographs of houses and canoes, without captions.

Drawings illustrating Franz Boas' "Kwakiutl Indians," USNM Report, 1895, and W.J. Hoffman's article in BAE 7th Annual Report.

BOX 4

BASKETS

40 Letters, mostly to Otis T. Mason: of C.E. Rumsey, October 5, 1902; Annie B. Picher, November 30, 1901 and February 10, 1902; C.P. Wilcomb, Dec. 14, 1901 and January 9, 1902; C. Hart Merriam, December 29, 1901; Grace Nicholson June 24, 1902; July 26, 1902; and August 8, 1902; Lilian O'Hara, July 3, 1902; Brousse Brizard, July 17, 1902; Anne M. Long, May 19, 1903; Charles F. Newcombe, January 28, 1904, with photograph of British Columbian basket; Marcus Benjamin, 8/5/07; Dr. F. Lehmann, August 23, 1907; and Fidella G. Woodcock, October 20, 1908 and January 7, 1909 (to Walter Hough), with some replies.

41 Catalog: "Indian Basket Collection of the Late Professor and Mrs. T.S.G. Lowe, of Pasadena, California."

42-3 "George Wharton James' Model Indian Basket Designs."

Supplements to The Basket.

44 Manuscripts and letter:

E.L. McLeod to Otis T. Mason, September 14, 1902, with notes on Paiute of Kern County, California, mainly terms for different types of baskets.

Draft: Walter Hough, "A Cache of Basket Maker Baskets from New Mexico (published in the Proceedings of the USNM, 81, no. 10 (1932).

Draft: O.T. Mason, "Basketry Bolo Case from Asilan Island."

Fidella G. Woodcock, "Nature and the Indian"

Untitled paper by anonymous author on esthetics in basketmaking.

45 Notes, newspaper clippings, vocabularies, etc. re baskets, mostly those of the American Indian, some on Malaysia, collected by O.T. Mason.

46 Two uncaptioned photographs and map of Shasta-Hupa area of California.

47 Printed material.

48 Copies of colored plates from USNM Report for 1902--mostly baskets.

BASKETRY

49 Notebook on vocabulary of basketry, with notes and printed material.

Photograph of specimen 239,086.

Letters, William Baillie to Walter Hough and Otis T. Mason, 1907-8, re P.A. Talbot collection of Okoi artifacts, basketmaker terms.

BASQUE

50 "The Ethnic Position of the Basque Nations," Science, XI, No. 281.

BEADS

51 Copies of published articles.

BECKWITH, PAUL EDWARD

52 Bibliography of his works.

BEHAIM GLOBE

53 Exhibit label.

BELL, ALEXANDER GRAHAM

54 Letter to Otis T. Mason, November 18, 1904, in reply to questionnaire about Bell's publications re the science of man, with extract from reply.

BELSHAZZAR

55 Newspaper clipping.

BOX 5

BENEDIKT, MORIZ

56 Bibliography of anthropological works.

BEVERAGES

57 Misc. Notes, clippings, photographs, apparently by Walter Hough.

Two photographs collected by Edward Palmer and illustrations labeled Colima, Mexico. Sketch of Native still at Ambodiasy, Madagascar, by W. L. Abbott, acc 29960 (ca. 1895).

Catalog of specimens collected by Edward Palmer around 1890-91 among the Cocopa Indians.

Hough's notes on Mexican and Bhutanese drinks.

Extract from letter of W.L. Abbott to Mason, April 14, 1907, on fermentation of arrenga palm wine.

Copies of labels from World's Columbian Exposition of Ceylonese products.

Miscellaneous notes and clippings.

BEVERAGES--PALM, AGAVE

58 "The Palm and Agave as Culture Plants" and related notes, printed material.

Edward Palmer notes on Agave.

Photograph of a Pulque shop in Cuernavaca, Mexico.

BEVERAGES--WATER SUPPLY

59 Clippings.

BIBLE

60 Exhibit labels.

61 Exhibit labels.

62 Egypt and Bible--clippings.

63 Esther and Purim--clippings.

64 Genesis--notes on Erech and Accad; clippings.

65 Greek translation of Bible--I.M. Casanowicz notes in German script and Greek.

66 Hebrew exhibit labels.

67 Miscellaneous notes and clippings.

A few bible verses in Mohawk.

BOX 6

BIBLE (con't)

68 Papers of I.M. Casanowicz:

"Antiquities of the Bible" (slide lecture)

"A Sketch of the Geography of the Holy Land"

"A Rapid Sketch of the History of Archeological Exploration in the Holy Land"

"Fishers of the Bible"

"The Sacrifices (Korban)"

"Personnel of the Service of the Tabernacle"

"The Mosaic Tabernacle"

BIBLE, H. WISWALL

69 Papers re loan of specimens to USNM, 191, 1940.

BIOGRAPHY

70 Brief sketches with bibliographies of men in physical and biological sciences and one newsclipping on Arthur Caswell Parker.

BIRDS

71 Brief note on the Phoenix by I. M. Casanowicz.

BIRCHBARK

72 Note in Chippewa by A.A. Sinclair, June 26, 1901, with translation, on birchbark.

Exhibit labels

BLANKETS

73 Notes on specimens.

Exhibit labels.

"Blanket" by Walter Hough (probably encyclopedia entry).

Printed article on Navajo blanket by Geo. H. Pepper, Everybody's Magazine, n.d.

BOATS

74 Notes on exhibit labels.

Ms. Howard I. Chappelle, "Arctic Skin Boats," 1950 (perhaps published by Arctic Institute of America.

75 Photographs and drawings, largely unidentified, two of birchbark canoe used in rice harvest, by A.E. Jenks.

Notes and Miscellaneous materials.

Letters and notes of Walter Hough and Otis T. Mason

Gifford Pinchot, October 14, 1898, to Mason, on distribution of the Canoe birch.

Frank Russell to Mason, April 30, 1900, re photographs.

BOGUE, R.H.

76 "Karamoja Safari," December 1, 1956

BOLA

77 Brief note (encyclopedia article?)

BOOKMAKING

78 Clippings.

BOOMERANG

79 H. Eggers to Otis T. Mason, August 9, 1888, on construction and use by Australia aborigines.

Notes and sketches.

Clippings.

BORNEO

80 Printed material.

BOWDITCH, CHARLES

81 Letter to Otis T. Mason, November 14, 1904 with list of published pamphlets.

BOWS AND ARROWS

82 Notes of William H. Holmes, largely on arrowheads.

Clippings.

83 Translation of a few pages of D.N. Anuchin's "Bow and Arrows," with copy of the article in Russian, with review.

BRAZIL

84 Walter Hough to Richard Rathbun, August 9, 1909, re Weiss and Schmidt collection from Rio Negro region of Brazil with list of specimens.

BRIDGES

85 Illustrations, original (Aha of Arsani) and printed.

BRITISH

86 Printed material.

BROWN, J. S.

87 Photographs showing Alaska seal industry.

BOX 7

BROWN, J. S. (cont'd)

88- Photographs showing Alaska seal industry.

94

BOX 8

BUDDHISM

95 Clippings.

96 Printed material.

Notes by I. M. Casanowicz.

BUFFALO

97 Title page from Wm. T. Hornaday's, "The Extermination of the American Bison", with frontispiece and map.

BURIALS

98 Printed material.

BURMAH

99 Illustration from magazines and exhibit label.

BUTLER, AMOS W.

100 Letter to Otis T. Mason, November 12, 1904, re publications.

CADDO

101 Memorandum, Herbert W. Krieger to John R. Swanton, July 9, 1940, re Caddo accessions in ethnology.

CALABASHES

102 Printed material

CALENDARS AND RECKONING OF TIME

103 Article on Zuni calendar, apparently Frank Cushing, The Millstone, Indianapolis, Ind., April, 1884, p. 58.

Extracts of letters of Jesse W. Fewkes, 1891, on the Hopi.

Printed material.

Notes by I.M. Casanowicz and Walter Hough

J. W. Powell to S.P. Langley, January 7, 1891, re BAE obtaining information on time reckoning with notes from BAE manuscripts and from publications.

Letter from Ole Solberg, November 21, 1904, with photograph of Primestaves in Christiana Museum.

Word list, "Santee Sioux Division of the Day: from Dr. Z. T. Daniel.

CALIFORNIA

104 Note: Most of the material is not on California Indians but on Indians of the Southwest.

Clippings.

Notes of Walter Hough.

Receipt for purchase of Hopi blanket of Pavatia, Keams Canyon, August 27, 1901.

Newsclipping on work of Jesse Walter Fewkes.

CALIPHATE

105 Printed item.

CAMBODIA

106 Printed item.

CAMEL

107 Notes from publications made by Otis T. Mason.

Drawings and unidentified photographs.

CAMEO CUTTING

108 Printed material.

CANNIBALISM

109 Reprints and clippings.

CARIB INDIANS

110 Photographs of maps.

Report Charles W. Whitaker to Secretary of State, July 31 1944, "Present status of Carib Indians of Dominica."

CASANOWICZ, I. M.

111 Bibliography

Illustration of Hebrew collection printed in USNM Proceedings XXXIV and clippings.

Photographs of Boroboda Temple in Java.

CATAWBA INDIANS

112 Article from the American Anthropologist by Gatschet

CATLIN

113 Printed material.

Copy of "Events of 1879 leading to the Conservation of the George Catlin Indian Gallery, Thereafter in Possession of the Smithsonian Institution--National Museum in Washington, D.C.", by Thomas B. Donaldson.

List of George Catlin ethnological collection.

Copy of letter, Mason to Holmes, May 27, 1904, showing paintings of Catlin not in the USNM.

CLUB DE EXPLORACIONE Y DEPORTES ACUATICAS

114 Letters, Pablo Bush Romero to Carl F. Miller, May 9, 1959, with attachments to describe club.

BOX 8-A

CERAMICS

115 Printed material.

116 Printed material.

Notes, some by E.H. Hawley mostly on Japanese ceramics, with glossary of terms.

Letter, K. Tanaka to USNM, with map of kilns in Japan and photographs of pieces of ceramics.

Copy of address of Counselor Dooman of American Embassy in Tokyo, "On Collecting Chinese Porcelains," Tokyo Women's Club, March 4, 1940.

117 Notes and labels, prepared in part by E. H. Hawley, for various accessions of Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Moroccan, and Turkish pieces, mostly ceramics, some bronze and other material. Much of the material relates to the Foreign Exhibition, Boston.

118 Description of collection of Chinese, Japanese, Cochin Chinese, Korean, Brazilian, and Burmese material. Much done by E.H. Hawley and much relating to the Foreign Exhibition, Boston.

E.H. Hawley to G. Brown Goode, November 12, 1888.

List of pottery of G. Brown Goode estate.

119 Descriptions of ceramic pieces from Indian and Japan and tools for making pottery.

Labels for exhibition in Indianapolis.

CERAMICS--AMERICAN INDIAN

120 Notes and illustrations of items.

G.K. Gilbert to W. H. Holmes, December 8, 1891 re pottery from Coon Mountain, Arizona.

Major Timothy E. Wilcox to Goode, March 25, 1893, re pottery specimen from around Ft. Huachuca, Arizona.

Otis T. Mason to Ravenal, March 16, 1906, and Walter Hough to Mason, May 15, 1906 re hiring a Hopi to help with specimens. Reference to Henry Voth.

Draft of letter by Hough re prehistoric Pueblo pottery available at Holbrook, Arizona.

121 Copy of letter, W. H. Holmes to Rathbun, January 15, 1906, re use of pottery products on view in lecture hall of USNM, with notes by E. H. Hawley.

Notes on vases of Limoges, France.

Notes by Holmes and Hawley.

Clippings.

Dinwiddie photograph of Papago potter.

Mounted printed illustrations and drawings of pottery examples from around the world, put together, at least in part, by Mason.

Notebook by Mason.

Photograph of Mexican pottery sherds, Oaxaca (?)

Illustrations and notes.

Printed material.

Letter of Karl von den Sheinen, October 22, 1895, re shell tools among the Borors and Tayagua and on the Shingoo and near Asuncion, with drawings.

BOX 9

CHEROKEE

122 Letter Lucy Gracey(?), August 11, 1934, re miscellaneous matters and transmitting article on Doublehead.

Printed and processed material.

CHILD LIFE

123 Two cryptic notes and newspaper clippings.

CHILDREN'S MUSEUM, WASHINGTON, D.C.

123 Clipping.

CHINA--BOOKS

124 "Agricultural Technology--Chinese--Keng Chih t'u, vol. 1. Ch'ing Dynasty (K'ang Hsi reign, 1662-1722)"

"Textile Manufacture--Chinese--Keng Chih t'u vol.2. Ch'ing Dynasty--1644-1912 (K'ang Hsi reign--end of 17th century 1662-1722)"

Both volumes consist largely of printed drawings.

125 "Chinese Monthly Scientific Magazine: Shanghai Science Institute, 1876, a translation by John Fryer, A British scholar of the English Book: "Science for Youth" used at the Philadelphia Centennial.

"Chinese Monthly Scientific Magazine, Shanghai Science Institute, 1876, a Chinese Account of Western Technology based on an oral translation by John Fryer and written down in Chinese characters. Used at Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.

126 Sample of writing, #400,312.

127 Newspaper clippings and other printed material. (3 folders)

128, 129

130 Clippings and illustrations re enamels, marble, horn, and porcelain.

131 Clippings regarding frescoes

132 Printed material re jade.

133 Printed material re paintings.

134 Printed material re statuary, pottery, furniture.

BOX 10

135 Sales and exhibit catalogs (3 folders).

136, 137

138 Correspondence:

State Department despatch: Samuel Sokobin "Art Museum for Tsingtao," February 12, 1935.

State Department despatch, E. F. Drumright "Preliminary Exhibition of Chinese Art," May 9, 1935.

Letter seeking to sell item.

139 Notes and manuscripts:

Walter Hough, "Chinese Punishment."

Notes on Chinese art.

BOX 11

140 Miscellany:

Printed material, bibliography, descriptions of specimens.

141 Motion picture:

"Chi'an Miao people, West China." 1936. Donated by David C. Graham. Includes notes. Film to Human Studies Film Archives.

142 Mounted prints showing dress.

143-4 Museum catalogs, bulletins, announcements (2 folders).

145 Prayer wheel

CHINA--MANDARIN SQUARES

146 Schuyler Cammann to J. E. Weckler, 9/26/41 and 10/9/41 with replies re Mandarin squares.

Notes by Cammann

147 Oversize material:

Temple plan and examples of chinese writing.

BOX 12

CHIPPEWA

148 Exhibit labels.

CIRCUMCISION

149 Extract of letter, E. H. Richards to A.A. Wright, October 15, 1886, re practice among the Zulu. In Hough's hand.

CLIFF DWELLERS

150 Clippings, Most seem to concern the Southwest, some re Hayden Survey.

151 M.C. Long to Wm. H. Holmes, February 25, 1901, re lava covered ruins in New Mexico.

Paper, Elmer Ellsworth Higley, "Inaccessible House."

Hough's notes on the exploration of the Southwest.

Chronology of exploration and settlement of America.

Mason's material, including notes for a book on Pueblos.

Photographs and illustrations by Holmes of cliff dwellings.

Processed mat.

CLASSIFICATION

152 "Outline of Scheme of Museum Classifications."

Printed material, including a circular, Aug., 1889, of the Canadian Institute as guide to collecting info. re. Am. Indians.

CLIMATE AND METEOROLOGY

153 Ellsworth Huntington to Mason, October 29, 1913, re request for help with map to show human characteristics "considered to be the highest." with reply by Mason.

CLOTHES

154 Clippings.

CLUBS

155 Clippings.

Ms., "Running Rabbit."

COLLECTIONS

156 "Memorandum for use in obtaining information concerning Indian tribes."

Yella Pessl to Herbert W. Krieger, January 5, 1946, re access to USNM harpsichord collection for survey. With reply.

Charles Lee to Krieger, January 18, 1946, re markings on Chinese vases.

Janette A. Black to Krieger, May 25, 1946, re photographs of Kate Cory.

Other Kreiger letters.

COLOMBIA

157 Photograph of map of area around boundary with Panama.

COMBS

158 Printed material.

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, BUREAU OF FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC COMMERCE

159 Lists of reports received from commercial attachés and consuls.

COMMERCE AND TRADE

160 Printed material.

CONCHOLOGY

161 Copy of table from American Naturalist on shell money.

COPTIC

162 Clipping.

CORRELATIONS OF CULTURE

163 Reprint of Otis T. Mason's "Similarities of Culture"

Partial Ms., "Diffusion versus Independent Origins" (1 p.)

Notes by Walter Hough.

COSMIC ETHER

164 Clipping.

COSTUMES

164a Correspondence of Walter Hough, 1911-13, re exhibit of period costumes worn at presidential inaugurations and other periods of American History, along with notes and other related material.

Drawings of "Alee Deeb Adwant," his daughter, an actress, and Feddah (a poetess-historian).

Clippings and illustrations re dress of various cultures.

CRADLES

165 Clippings.

Descriptions of specimens.

Notes.

Photographs of Apache cradles and an unidentified cradle with floral design.

CRIMINOLOGY

166 Clippings.

Notes by Mason.

BOX 13

CREATION

167 Clippings.

CROSS

168 Letters received by Thomas Wilson on forms of crosses from G.T. Emmons, Benjamin R. Smith, F. Max Muller, Charles Seiden, 1895-1900. With drawings and photographs.

DAGON

169 Clipping.

DALECARLIA

170 Printed item.

DAMASCUS

171 Clipping.

DANCING

172 Clippings on classical ballet, Hopi snake dance, Egg dance of India, Dakota dances, Cochiti sun dance.

DECORATIVE ART, PRIMITIVE

173 Mason note that requests addition to an ethnological questionnaire to include inquiries re primitive art.

Printed material.

Illustrations of designs.

DELAWARE

174 Printed item on the Delaware Indians.

DENSMORE, FRANCES

175 Obituaries.

DENVER ART MUSEUM

176, Copies of newsletters of Clearing House for Southwestern

177-8 Museums, Denver Art Museum, 1938-52 (3 folders).

179 Material Culture Notes, numbers 1-4 and 6.

BOX 14

DIALECT

180 Printed comparative vocabularies of Ponape with Malay, Strongs Island, Ebon, Polynesian, and Vitian by E.T. Doane.

DIORAMAS

181 Ms. Corinne J. White (compiler) and Harriet M. Smith (editor), "The Development of the Miniature Diorama as a Museum Exhibit," Illinois WPA Museum Extension Project, Illinois State Museum.

Letter, Dwight Smith to Joseph E. Wheeler, April 22, 1941, enclosing photographs of diorama showing Eskimos and Crows in Illinois State Museum.

DIVINATION

182 Printed material.

DIVINING ROD

183 Clipping.

DOLLS

184 Published articles and notes by Hough.

185 Gustine C. Weaver to Hough, November 28, 1931, requesting copy of article.

Notes by Hough.

Clippings and sketches.

186 Hough, "The Story of Dolls Tells the Story of Mankind," New York Times Magazine, March 6, 1927.

187 Printed and processed material, including a copy of Katharine Calvert Goodwin, "American Dolls in the National Museum," DAR Magazine, LIX, No. 12 (1925.)

188 Printed material, clippings, exhibit labels, illustrations.

DOMESTICATED ANIMALS

189 Printed material, with clippings.

190 Walter Hough notes: general, cow and buffalo, elephant.

191 Hough's notes: Horse and ass, with illustrations and photographs.

192 Hough's notes: reindeer and yak.

193 Hough's notes: bees, birds, camel, dog, horse, pig, ox, sheep, grazing animals.

194 Berthold Laufer to Hough, August 17, 1933, clarifying his interest in the study of domestication.

"Zootechny for Buffalo Exposition."

Notes.

 

BOX 15

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

195 Photographs of maps of area around Santo Domingo and around Constanza.

DRAMA

196 Printed material.

DRESS

197 Clipping and exhibit labels.

DRESS--INDIAN

198, Otis T. Mason's notes, including bibliographic notes (1 folder and 2 notebooks).

  1. (continued)
  2. (continued)

BOX 15A

DRILLS

201 Walter Hough's notes and illustrations.

DRINKING VESSELS

202 Clipping from Washington Star, June 1, 1889, on specimens in the USNM.

DRUSES

203 Clippings.

DYES

204 Notecards by E.H. Hawley on Argentina, Japan, and China;

Annatto and Alizarine

EASTER

205 Clippings on Easter Eggs.

EASTER ISLAND

206 "The Native Name of Easter Island," by A. Métraux.

Bibliography prepared by Saul Riesenberg.

Clipping.

EDUCATION

207 Material by Walter Hough: "Cunning Traps for Birds, Beasts, and Fishes"

"Domestication of Man"

Article on Pueblo pottery decoration.

"Ancient Inventors"

Table comparing existence of certain cultural feature among tribes of the Southwest.

"Excursions in Indian Art"

"Powhatan Chief's House on York River"

"Time"

"The Uphill Road of Progress"

"The Origin and Unity of Living Matter"

"Has Civilization Justified Itself"

ETHNOBOTANY

208 "Exhibition of the Plant Products the German Colonies" (gives general categories of use and Latin names)

ESKIMO

209 Specimen labels.

Note on goggles, by Otis T. Mason.

Illustrations.

Note on Children, by Walter Hough (?)

"Little Children in Eskimoland," by Walter Hough.

Clippings and printed material.

ETHNOLOGICAL COLLECTION

210 Geographical index by culture area and tribe, with collector, catalog number, and number of specimens, probably compiled in 1920.

Auction catalog for Arthur C. King collection.

EUROPEAN ETHNOLOGY

211 Printed illustrations showing jewelry and architectural columns.

EVOLUTION

212 New York Tribune, Lectures and Letters, 1877: "Hypotheses of Evolution," with articles by J.W. Draper, O.C. Marsh, and W.C. Wychoff.

Clippings and notes by unidentified author.

EXECUTIONER'S OUTFIT

213 Letters to S.P. Langley and Otis T. Mason offering for sale instruments of execution and punishment, 1/18/98.

BOX 16

FAKES AND REPRODUCTIONS

214 Clippings.

FANS

215 Note on sources of information.

Illustration.

FEATHER WORK

216 Clippings.

FETISHES AND CHARMS

217 Letter, R.C. Pastor to William H. Holmes, 5/29/07, re stone fetish, with photograph and reply.

Brief notes by Otis T. Mason.

Photograph of "Indian Directions Post, Old Indian Burial Ground, Lowell, Michigan, ca. 1907.

Illustrations.

FIRE MAKING

218 Notes by E.H. Hawley on Burmese fire sticks and fire syringe.

FISH

219 "The Fish in Cult, Myth, and Symbol," by I.M. Casanowicz (two versions)

Note on wooden fish hooks of Penrhyn Island, by Herbert W. Krieger.

Review of Charles Rau's "Prehistoric Fishing in Europe and North America."

FLAGS

220 "The American Flag of Mystery," by Howard Wiswall Bible (re the twelve-star flag of John Paul Jones). Copyrighted.

FOLKLORE

221 Letter, W.W. Newell to Otis T. Mason, 1/28/91, re folklore societies in America and Europe.

Bibliography of references to folklore of lumberjacks.

Classification of folklore material by Newell.

Printed material.

222 Printed material.

FOOD

223 Misc. notes.

E. Lewis Sturtevant to Otis T. Mason, 10/95, re vernacular names for maize in languages of the world.

Printed material.

Notes, mostly on Indian foods by Walter Hough.

BOX 17

FOOD

225 Notes by E.H. Hawley on foods of various cultures.

Walter Hough notes.

Printed material.

List of specimens in USNM (notebook)

FOOD AND NARCOTICS

226 W.E. Safford to Walter Hough, 11/6/25 forwarding copy of paper on the potato (not included)

Guy S. Way to T.J. Jones forwarding sample of cured pieaggies of Inyo Indians and other letters identifying pieaggies as a type of moth together with notes on their collection and preparation, with photographs.

Printed material.

FOOT GEAR

227 Printed material.

FORMOSA

228 St. Depart Despatch, "Savage Affairs in Formosa" 6/1/08 by Julean H. Arnold, with map trans. of Formosan Gov. report "The Management of Savage Affairs during the 1907 Fiscal Year."

Exhibit labels.

FORTS

229 Memo to Mr. Bryant, 12/4/44 re Camp Cady.

FUEGIANS

230 Copy, W.E. Safford to Spencer Baird, 4/3/87.

GAMES

231 Drawings of Iroquois and Abuaki (Abenaki?) La Crosse sticks.

232 Note on Seneca dice game, probably by or taken from Andrew John (Acc 40840, Cat. 219,265)

Misc. notes, clippings, drawings, some by E. H. Hawley, most probably collected by Otis T. Mason.

233 Illustrations, two by Mary Wright Gill.

(M.I.W.)

234 Clippings.

235 GATSCHET, A.S.

Clippings and other printed material (obituaries)

Photographs.

236 GATSCHET, A.S.

Mostly periodic reports to Director, BAE 1893-1900 (incomplete)

237 GATSCHET, A.S.

Letters received.

From J.O. Dorsey, 7/12/78, re misc. matter.

W.H. Holmes 5/22/03 urging completion of papers on Algon. texts and Peoria diet.

W.H. Holmes 5/22/03, on working hours in BAE offices.

W.H. Holmes 11/12/03 re parts of Peoria texts.

W.H. Holmes 7/7/04 re place name cat. of USGS.

others re ad. matters.

238 GERONIMO

Douglas (AZ) Daily Dispatch, 9/14/1930 re Geronimo Saddle in USNM.

GHOSTS AND VAMPIRES

239 William Churchill to Otis T. Mason 4/15/91 forwarding newsclipping on ceremony in CA of burning of Indas.

Printed material.

BOX 17-A

GIBSON COLLECTION

240 Drafts of catalog cards describing African specimens collected by Gordon Gibson.

Description of Bechuanaland prot. (cat 397,994) (Botswana)

Form for collections in the Rhodes-Livingston Museum.

GOOD, A.C.

241 List of Fang specimens with catalog numbers.

GRAHAM, D.C.

242 List of Chinese photographs.

GRASS WORK

243 Clippings from Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 30 (Hodge Handbook)

GUATEMALA

244 Notes on Mrs. J.W. Grace Collection of Guatemala Handwoven Indian Textiles with photograph.

Copies of Lilly de Jough Osborne, "Making a Textile Collection."

GUIANA, BRITISH, INDIANS

245 Copy, F. Gardner, Jr. to G. Brown Goode, 5/2/95, re game of wa-wee.

Letters, F. W. Hodge to Walter E. Roth, 1915, re his collection bought by the United States National Museum, with list of specimens.

State Department despatch, "Indian Menace in the Maracaibo Oil Fields, 5/19/26.

Descriptions of specimens.

Notes by Otis T. Mason, Walter Hough, Herbert W. Krieger, and others, including material on Jivaro, Patagonia, and other subjects.

Exhibit labels.

GYPSIES

246 Clippings and printed material.

247 Notes by Walter Hough.

Letter, Louise Polk Huger to Walter Hough, 12/12/32, returning Hough's notes.

GREELEY EXPEDITION

248 Letter, H.W. Greeley to General Hazen, 5/14/84, witnessing to skills of Dr. Octave Pavy.

Testimonial by members of Pavy Franklin Bay Polar Expedition, 5/19/84, stating Pavy's skills in medicine.

Testimonial, Kvariys Smith, Godhavn, Greenland, 6/13/81, on behalf of Pavy.

Watercolor sketch of Eskimo Village, by Pavy.

Photograph of the ship "Gulmare" with Pavy aboard, 1880.

Map, "Nugsuaks Halvo."

Printed material re Pavy.

HABITATIONS

249 "Architecture of the Aborigines of Northern America," by William H. Holmes.

Note on motifs in architecture.

Miscellaneous notes.

"Iroquois Lodges," from Lafitau's Moeurs des Sauvages Ameriquians, tome II, pp. 10-15, translated by J.N.B. Hewitt.

250 Printed material, including clippings.

BOX 18

HABITATIONS--CASA GRANDE

251 Letters and memoranda by J. Walter Fewkes, Frederick Hodge, Richard Rathbun, and Thomas Ryan (re restoration).

Photographs and illustrations.

Plans.

Clippings.

HABITATIONS--CLIFF DWELLINGS

252 "The Buried Ruins of Ojo Caliente"

Letter, James A. Jones to John Wesley Powell, 1/29/90, requesting information.

Letter, Scott N. Morris to S. P. Langley, 1/21/90, requesting information.

William H. Holmes to Richard Wetherill, 1/31/90, re planned exploration of Mancos area, with letters, Wetherill to Holmes, 2/90 and 3/90.

Letter, Cosmos Mindeleff to Holmes, 3/17/91, reporting field work.

Printed material, including clippings.

HABITATIONS--THE EAST

253 Printed material.

HABITATIONS--FRANCE

254 Notes by unidentified author.

HABITATIONS

255 Hayden Survey Tenth Annual Report, Part II, Archaeology and Ethnology, annotated by William H. Holmes.

HABITATIONS

256 Sketches by Walter Hough to illustrate Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 35. Antiquities of the Upper Gila and Salt River Valleys in Arizona And New Mexico.

HABITATIONS--INDIANS OF NORTH AMERICA

257 Miscellaneous printed material.

HABITATIONS

258, Illustrations and drawings.

259

Printed material.

BOX 19

HABITATIONS

260 Letter, Miner W. Bruce to William H. Holmes, 2/3/96, re invitation to view collection, with reply.

Letter, Richard F. Back to Holmes, 4/17/19, re sketch of Zuni bowl.

Extract from letter, Arthur P. Silver to Holmes, 11/24/1900, with comment by Mason.

Letter, Orator Fullerton Cook to Mason, 4/5/01, re grass used for thatching.

Notes, some by Holmes.

Drawing of Apache watch station, with note by W.P. Jenney (?)

261 Photographs, including a cave dwelling in Thessaly by an unidentified photographer and Wall of defense at Acoma by G. W. James. Most of the photographs are unidentified.

262 Miscellaneous printed material, including clippings.

263 Printed material.

HABITATIONS--PUEBLO ARCHITECTURE

264 "Origins of Pueblo Architecture," by Victor Mindeleff.

Letter, Frederick Hodge to William H. Holmes, 2/16/04.

Photograph of ruins of old Spanish church at Gran Quivira.

Miscellaneous other material.

HABITATIONS

265 "A Study of the Arch in Prehistoric Architecture, " by Thomas Wilson.

Letter, William M. Beauchamp to Wilson, 8/10/96, re New York Indian Houses, with notes taken from Jesuit Relations.

HABITATIONS

266 "Prehistoric Architecture," by Thomas Wilson (drafts)

BOX 20

HABITATIONS

267 Notebook of Otis T. Mason, largely bibliography

268 Notebook of Otis T. Mason, including:

Notes

Letter, A.K. Fisher to Mason, 5/13/98, re pre-Columbian logs.

W.A. McIlhenny to Mason, 9/22/96, re Attakapa house of Grand Lake Lousiana.

269 Notebook by Otis T. Mason including notes.

Two photographs by E.A. Bonine.

Photo of Teton Dakota tipi by F.W. Pettigrew.

270 Notes in notebook.

271 Notes.

HARTMAN, C.V.

272 Bibliography, 12/20/04.

HAYNES, HENRY W.

273 Bibliography, 4/3/07, in response to a circular sent by Ales HrdliÖka

HAWAIIAN ISLANDS

274 Letter, 4/19/01, re Hawaiian feather cloak of Mrs. George M. Robeson, with William H. Holmes to Richard Rathbun re problems with Mrs. Robeson.

Letter, 1/22/48, re feather cape collected by W.C. Olton, with National Gallery label.

Letter, W.T. Brigham to Wm. H. Holmes, 1/27/06, objecting to Holmes efforts to obtain money for exploration in Hawaii and Samoa.

Note by Walter Hough on Sandwich Island Fireworks (fire sticks)

Bibliography

Description of N.B. Emerson collection.

Labels.

Printed and miscellaneous material.

BOX 21

HEGERMAN, MISS M.A., COLLECTION

275 Correspondence of William H. Holmes and other papers re Mrs. H.K. Porter's embroidery, brocade, velvet, and silk collection, 1914-15.

Correspondence of Herbert W. Krieger about Hegerman lace collection, ca. 1936.

276 Labels for both Hegerman and Porter collections.

HENRY, JOSEPH

277 Stereographic photograph of Henry and family.

HERNDON AND GIBBON

278 "The Herndon and Gibbon Ethnological Collection from the Amazon in the U.S. National Museum, with related papers.

HEWITT, J.N.B.

279 Extracts from Bureau of American Ethnology annual reports re his work.

HIDATSA

280 Letter, H. Howard Biggs to Walter Hough, 1/26/17, sending photographs of Dakota Indians (no ref. to Hidatsa)

HIDE DRESSING AND TANNING

281 Notes from publications.

HINDU

282, List of specimens donated by Rajah Sourindro Nahun Tagore,

283 prepared by E. H. Hawley.

List of specimens donated by Rev. C.H.A. Dall.

HISTORY OF TOOLS

284 Exhibit labels.

BOX 22

HITTITES

285 Notes by Walter Hough and I.M. Casanowicz

List of specimens.

Printed material, including clippings.

UNTITLED FOLDER

286 Letter, Catherine E. Cook to Holmes, 12/16/07, asking support in making The Sketch Book a national art magazine.

HOPI

287 "Plants Collected by J.G. Owens, identified by Sereno Watson," including notes on their uses.

Notes and/or letters by J. Walter Fewkes, Walter Hough, Alexander McGregor Stephen, and other. (Most of the material concerns food gathering, agriculture, and food preparation. Also a very small amount of material on other subjects, including ceremonies, trade and pottery. Much of the material are word lists.

Printed material, illustrated material.

HORSE TRAPPINGS

288 Note on Dev. of Bridle and Saddle.

HORSFORD, CORNELIA

289 Letter, 11/16/04, re her works.

HOUGH, WALTER

290 Notes on Apache symbolism.

Rough sketches of designs, with a few explanatory notes.

291 Notes on Bear Creek Cave.

Photographs.

"Explorations in a Great Sacred Cave in Eastern Arizona"

292 Notes on Cooking Appliances and Methods.

Clippings.

Illustrations and sketches.

Notes.

Includes folders on the following: Appliances: Europe, modern and ancient; Stone, boiling, stone-boiling; brazier; roasting; frying; parching; appliances--pots, etc.; inventions; electric cooking.

293 Incoming letters.

Letter of H.W. Henshaw, 7/3/89, re origin of Kiowa drill.

Letter of T.C. Battey, 6/22/89, re plan of interior of Kiowa lodge (drawing) and the origin of the Kiowa.

Letter of T.C. Battey, 5/30/89, re fire-making among the Kiowa.

Letter of Q.H. Bean, 1/30/90, re bark beater purchased for the United States National Museum.

Copy of letter, Henry Balfour to Thomas Wilson, 10/9/89, sending saucer-like lamp to the museum.

Henry Balfour to Hough, 1/19/90, re a lamp sent the museum.

Letter of Henry Balfour, 3/31/90, re Hindu fire drill.

Letter of Henry Balfour, 4/28/90, re Hindu fire drill.

Letter of Henry Balfour, 12/13/90, re fire making and lamps.

Letter of Henry Balfour, 10/10/90, concerning same matters.

Three letters of Henry Balfour, 1891, concerning same matters.

Copy of letter of Henry Balfour to G. Brown Goode.

Letter of John F. Hobbs, 7/5/90, re Australian aborigines, especially fire-making apparatus.

Letter of Charles E. Woodruff, 5/27/91, re Hupa drill.

Letter of J. Walter Fewkes, 6/21/07, re work around Casa Grande area.

Letter of Jesse W. Fewkes, 5/15/18, re correspondence between A.R. Graham and William H. Holmes concerning objects found at Hudson Hot Springs (Faywood), New Mexico, with copies of Graham's letters.

"Notes up Firesticks Used by the Australian Aborigines in North Queensland," by James W. Culten.

Letters of James Shepard, 12/30/16, re candelabra and source.

294 Outgoing letters

Letter to Mr. and Mrs. Jacques, 11/11/19.

Letter to Emry Kopta, 3/26/20.

Letter to J. Walter Fewkes, 1/5/20.

295 Eagle Crag, illustrations and photos showing pottery and/or designs.

BOX 23

Fire Making, Notes and other material

Includes notes, illustration, bibliographic data, clippings, and drafts on the following:

296 Warming

American warming pans, hotstones, footstones

American ovens

American warming and ventilation of buildings

Asian warming

European warming

297 Illustrations of fire as an agent in human culture

Fire making

298 Agriculture, gleaning, altars, ancient firemaking.

299 Bamboo and porcelain

Bellows

Biological factor

300 Chimney

Cremation

301 Drill

Australia

Malaya

India

East Asian

European

External fire

302 Fire

303 Fire in cults

Fire handling

Fire healing

Fire hunting

Fire myths in art

304 Fire myths--India

Fireplaces

Fireplaces--range

Fire preservation

Fire saw

Fire syringe

Fire thong

Fire walking

305 Flint and steel

Folklore

Fuel

306 Gods

Healing--superstition

Holy fire

Ignition in nature

Ignition point

Incense

Juggling

End Part 1
Continue: Part 2

Last updated: August 23, 2000
Comments to: naa@nmnh.si.edu