Register to the Papers of
William Armand Lessa

By Karen Federing

Revised by
Robert Leopold

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

August 2000

 

Introduction

Scope and Content Note

Chronology of the Life of William A. Lessa

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

Anthropometric Study Of Jewish Immigrants, Boston. 1928

Photographs And Criticisms Of E.A. Hooton's Study Of The American Criminal, 1928

Anthropometric Study Of Italian Families, New Jersey Add Massachusetts. 1927-1929

Correspondence Relating To Lessa's Work At The Constitution Clinic, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York, 1929-1930

Hawaiian-Chinese Research. 1930-1932.

Archeological Excavations. 1935-1940.

Ulithi Atoll Research, 1940-1959

Papers Relating To Lessa's Experiences As Technical Advisor, Twentieth Century-Fox Films. 1951

Somatomancy

Study Of Mapia Islands

Studies Of Ethnobotany And Ethnobiology Of Caroline Islands, 1947-1949, 1950s, 1960s

Ulithi Atoll Research, 1960-

Ulithian Folklore/Folktale Research, 1960

Ulithi Atoll Research Continued, 1960-

Bwang-Carolinian Martial Art

Samoa Research, 1962

Isles Of Sequeiras Research, 1974-1979

Drake's "Island Of Thieves" Research, Mostly 1974-1975

General Bio-Bibliographic Material Prepared By Lessa

Unpublished Materials

UCLA Lectures

 

Introduction

These papers reflect the professional life of William Armand Lessa (1908-1997), social anthropologist, author and professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Included in the collection are journals of expeditions, correspondence, fieldnotes, notes, photographs, maps, charts, financial records, publications and lecture materials covering the period from 1928 to the 1980s. Most of the materials, however, are dated between 1930 and 1970.

Of primary interest is Lessa's ethnographic work in the Pacific, specifically the Caroline Islands and especially Ulithi Atoll, conducted between 1947 and 1960, at first under the auspices of the United States Navy, Office of Naval Research and later the National Academy of Sciences, Pacific Science Board. Much of this material is in the form of fieldnotes, photographs, census information and copies of resulting publications. Lessa's objective was to complete a thorough ethnographic study of Ulithi with special attention to demography and to explore the effects of American administration and culture contact with natives of the atoll. Other documents relate to a variety of projects including Lessa's studies of human constitution, body divination (somatomancy), Carolinian ethnobotany and folklore, and investigations of the Isles of Sequeiras and "Island of thieves" completed in the 1970s.

 

Scope and Content Note

Several of Lessa's earliest projects are documented here solely or primarily in the form of photographs and Lessa's own statements that have been added to the collection. These projects include his anthropometric studies in New Jersey and Massachusetts (1928-1929), his work as a research associate at the Constitution Clinic at Columbia-Presbyterian Hospital in New York (1929-1930), and the several archeological expeditions in which he was involved intermittently from 1932 to 1940 in Hawaii and Illinois, specifically the Kincaid and Lewis sites and the Kankakee-Desplaines site where he was a co-director of a WPA-sponsored project. There is little material included that reflects Lessa's personal life, his extracurricular responsibilities at UCLA, his involvement with various anthropological and folklore societies or his later professional activities, except in occasional correspondence.

Among correspondents whose letters are included among the papers are George W. Baker, Edwin H. Bryan, Jr., Harold J. Coolidge, John de Yound, George Draper, Thomas Gladwin, Ward H. Goodenough, Earnest A. Hooton, Clement W. Meighan, Father J. Neyret, SM, Mrs. Leilani Pyle, Saul H. Riesenberg, Mrs. Gwladys Simon, Henry L. Shapiro, Rev. William J. Walter, SJ, and Brother Raymond V. Whalen, SJ. Of special note is the correspondence Lessa undertook with Predro Yamalmai, a man he met on Ulithi, who was an important informant throughout Lessa's Ulithian research and a close personal friend until his death in 1983.

In addition to his own materials, Lessa's collection also includes aerial photographs of Ulithi Atoll, taken by the U.S. Navy following the 1960 typhoon Ophelia and depicting its results and copies of articles and papers of various authors used as reading notes, concerning somatomancy, the Isles of Sequeiras and Drake's "Island of Thieves."

 

Chronology of the Life of William Armand Lessa

1908
Born March 3, Newark, New Jersey
1928
A.B., Harvard University
1929-30
Researcher, Constitution Clinic, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center
1930
Research Associate, University of Hawaii
1935 Archaeological excavations at Oahu, Hawaii, with Kenneth P. Emory of the Bishop Museum.
1939 Participated in an archaeological training program in Southern Illinois under the direction of Edwin Spicer of the University of Arizona.
1941
M.A., University of Chicago
1943
An Appraisal of Constitutional Typologies
1947
Ph.D., University of Chicago
1947
Instructor, University of California, Los Angeles
1947-1949
Fieldwork, Ulithi Atoll
1950 The Ethnography of Ulithi Atoll
1958
Reader in Comparative Religion (co-edited with Evon Z. Vogt)
1960-1961 Fieldwork on Ulithi Atoll
1961 Tales from Ulithi Atoll
1962 Fieldwork in Samoa
1966 Ulithi: A Micronesian Design for Living
1969
Professor Emeritus, UCLA
1997
Died October 14, Los Angeles, California

 

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

 

SERIES 1. ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDY OF JEWISH IMMIGRANTS, BOSTON. 1928

Arranged numerically.

The forms included reflect Lessa's research during the summer of 1928 in Boston while he was working in Earnest Hooton's anthropometric laboratory. This research, Lessa said, was inspired by Franz Boas' study of European immigrants, which concluded that environmental influences made "race" a flexible concept.

Box 1

SERIES 2.PHOTOGRAPHS AND CRITICISMS OF E.A. HOOTON STUDY OF THE AMERICAN CRIMINAL 1928 (INCLUDES PUBLISHED M.A. THESIS- ALSO CRITICISM AN APPRAISAL OF CONSTITUTIONAL TOPOLOGIES, 1943).

During the year 1928, Lessa was primarily involved with Earnest Hooton's 12-year survey of the American criminal, a study that was eventually discredited. Included are Lessa's unpublished criticisms pertaining to some serious flaws in the data and his published criticisms in the form of his M.A. thesis for the University of Chicago, An Appraisal of Constitutional Topologies (1941). The photographs included are some of the "mug" shots used for observation during the study.

Box 1 (continued)

SERIES 3. ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDY OF ITALIAN FAMILIES, NEW JERSEY ADD MASSACHUSETTS. 1927-1929.

Arranged numerically.

The forms included reflect Lessa's uncompleted and unpublished research undertaken from 1927 to 1929 while working in Earnest Hooton's anthropometric laboratory. He began the study while still an undergraduate at Harvard and left the work while a research associate at the Constitution Clinic, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center. Lessa pointed out that this work was always done on his own time.

Box 1 (continued)

SERIES 4. CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO LESSA'S WORK AT THE CONSTITUTION CLINIC, COLUMBIA-PRESBYTERIAN MEDICAL CENTER, NEW YORK, 1929-1930.

Arranged chronologically.

These letters included serve only to document that Lessa indeed was a research associate at the Constitution Clinic in 1929-1930, working under the supervision of Dr. Harry L. Shapiro of the American Museum. Correspondents include Austin Brues, George Draper, who developed the Clinic, and Earnest Hooton, who discussed Lessa's data on Italians.

Box 1 (continued)

SERIES 5. HAWAIIAN-CHINESE RESEARCH. 1930-1932.

Arranged by Medium and form.

These materials relate to Lessa's fieldwork in the study of Hawaiian-Chinese racial blends, commissioned by the Rockefeller Foundation to the University of Hawaii. Harry L. Shapiro was in charge of the overall project but did none of the fieldwork and only visited the Islands briefly. Lessa sampled, measured and photographed approximately 5700 Chinese and pure Hawaiians but found fewer truly pure Hawaiians than anyone had supposed, drawing criticism from some who thought his criteria to be too strict. Lessa visited every inhabited Hawaiian Island and community but one, visited China as well, and logged his travels in notebooks, through a multitude of photographs, including some personal items and in anthropometric forms and blood group data. There is also the resulting paper completed by Dr. Shapiro, using Lessa's data. In addition, there are letters from Harry L. Shapiro and correspondence with the University of Hawaii, along with a great deal of miscellaneous correspondence.

Box 2

Notebooks for fieldwork in the study of Chinese-Hawaiian hybrids on the island of Molokai, Maui, and Oahu, Hawaii.

Hawaii, Photographs (some annotated, nitrate negative available).

Japan, Korea, China, Manchuria, Photographs (most annotated).

Box 3

En route to Hong Kong, Photographs (negative available - corresponding rolls for photo packets B - R), 1932

Japan
Korea
Manchuria
Peking
Nanking
Shanghai

Miscellaneous Photographs of Subjects (some annotated)

Maps of China

Personal Photographs- Enroute to Honolulu and friends on the Hawaiian Islands, 1930-32

Anthropometric Forms of Hawaiian-Chinese hybrids plus resulting paper by H.L. Shapiro using Lessa's field work data

Blood Group Data - Chinese, Hawaiians and Chinese-Hawaiian (unpublished), including notebook

Correspondence with New York, specifically H. L. Shapiro

Correspondence with University of Hawaii

Miscellaneous correspondence

SERIES 6. ARCHEOLOGICAL EXCAVATIONS. 1935-1940.

Arranged chronologically.

Included are annotated photographs from the five archeological digs in which Lessa participated. His first dig was, in Lessa's words, a purely amateur one, having had no archeological training and working with local amateurs on Maui, Hawaii, 1932. The second was conducted on Oahu in 1935 by Kenneth P. Emory of the Bishop Museum. (The artifacts from that site are in the Bishop Museum.) The third excavation was really a series of neighboring sites, including "Kincaid" in Southern Illinois, part of a training program sponsored by the University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology, with Professor Fay-Cooper Cole in charge. Lessa participated in 1939, when the field director was Edwin Spicer of the University of Arizona.

Lessa also worked on two other projects in Illinois, one as co-director with Gretchen Cutter of a large WPA project in Will county at the Desplaines and Kankakee Rivers in 1940 and the other near Chicago, in a 1940-1941 University of Chicago spring training dig of which Lessa was a supervisor. All of Lessa's field materials were turned over to the University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology.

Box 4

Photographs:

site on Maui, Hawaii, 1932
site on Oahu, Hawaii, 1935
site at Kincaid, Illinois, 1939
site near Chicago, Illinois, 1940
University of Chicago, Department of Anthropology students and faculty, 1940

PAPERS RELATING TO LESSA'S ULITHI RESEARCH.

Lessa began his research in the Caroline Islands, specifically Ulithi Atoll, in 1947 under the auspices of the United States Navy Office of Naval Research. His objective was to complete a thorough ethnographic study of Ulithi with special note of demography and an analysis of the effects of American administration and culture contact with the natives of the atoll. Lessa was in residence intermittently on Ulithi and its surrounding communities from 1947 to 1955 and returned later, in 1960. The results of his research, in the form of extensive fieldnotes, journals, photographs, census and Thematic Apperception Test forms, maps, charts, and general correspondence, are included in this collection.

SERIES 7. ULITHI ATOLL RESEARCH. 1940-1959.

Arranged chronologically and by medium.

There are field journals and miscellaneous notes for 1947 and 1948-1949, maps, and charts; but of special interest are Lessa's fieldnotes, photographs, 1949 census, Thematic apperception Test materials, and general correspondence for the period. Concerning the fieldnotes for 1948-1949, Lessa's chosen titles and filing arrangement have been preserved, along with his own explanation of the system. The fieldnotes include not only notes about the Ulithian culture but also outline Lessa's relationship with CIMA (Coordinated Investigation of Micronesian Anthropology), including correspondence, contracts and an assortment of reports.

Lessa's photographic materials are organized chronologically and, in most cases, were arranged by himself. Many are annotated by Lessa, some are official U.S. Navy photographs, and all are either photographs of the Islands or the natives sampled in Lessa's 1949 census work.

In terms of the census and TAT materials, these were also arranged by Lessa numerically, with the numbers on the census forms corresponding to those present on the TAT materials. Background data concerning Lessa's methods is also included, explaining the TAT testing procedures followed, as well as copies of the resulting publications from Lessa's census and TAT research.

Persons whose letters appear in the correspondence include Saul Riesenberg of the Smithsonian Institution; Ward H. Goodenough of the University of Pennsylvania, Department of Anthropology; Pedro Yamalmai, a close friend of Lessa's on Ulithi, and assorted associates on Yap with whom Lessa communicated frequently. These letters are in chronological order, an include incoming as well as outgoing letters.

Box 4 (continued)

Field Journals (moved) and Miscellaneous Notes, 1947, 1948-1949.

Fieldnotes, 1948-1949 (prearranged and filed by Lessa): titles supplied by Lessa as well

Kin and Local Groups

Ingroup Conflict

Law and Social Control

Status and Stratification

Folklore

Basic Data

Distribution and Exchange

Exploitative Activities

Family

Kinship

Babyhood

Sex

Box 5

Reproduction

Adulthood

Marriage

Language

Childhood

Youth

Old Age

Health and Disease

Death

Political Organization

Property

The Supernatural

Flora and Fauna

Ulithi and Outer Native World

CIMA (Coordinated Investigation of Micronesian)

Anthropology) Bulletins

CIMA: Correspondence - in

CIMA: Correspondence - out

CIMA: Contracts

CIMA: Documents, Orders

CIMA: Reports by Lessa

CIMA: Equipment

Box 6

CIMA: SONA (School of Naval Administration)

CIMA: Military Government Reports

Miscellaneous Fieldnotes, 1947-1948

Photographs of Ulithi Atoll - 1944, prior to U.S. invasion; 1957, Ulithi and Falalop Islands - official U. S. Navy photographs (some annotated)

Photographs - Zeiss Ikon, 1947, front and side views of male Ulithians; with small notebook

"Photographic Records"

I-VI

VII-X, Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous Photographs 1948-1949 - natives of Ulithi, Mogmog and Fassarai Islands with rolls of contact prints (mostly annotated) plus other rolls of negatives - houses on Mogmog and Ulithian women

Box 7

Photographs, 1948-1949, organized by Lessa

Box 1, Packs I-IX

Box 2, Packs X-XX

Box 2, Packs XXI-XXVIII

Box 8

Box 2, Packs XXIX, XXX plus those lacking numbers

Census, 1949 - copy of resulting publication, "Depopulation on Ulithi" (1955)

Census, 1949-forms

Nos. 1-60; 61-120; 121-185; 186-259

Box 9

260-320; 321-380; 381-415

Thematic Apperception Test-original responses,

1948-1949 (out of numerical order)

Box 10

Thematic Apperception Test-original responses cont., 1948-1949 (out of numerical order)

TAT Responses (typescript from original)

Box 11

TAT Analytical Forms - Criteria: Feelings and Activities and Relationships

TAT Miscellany: Publication, "Ulithian Personality As seen through Ethnological Materials and Thematic Test Analysis" (with Marvin Spiegelman) 1954; TAT original Drawings; Unused Forms; Rough Notes on Percentages

Box 12

TAT Background Data, including testing procedure utilized

Aadditional TAT Responses typescript from originals) - "protocols" (out of numerical order)

Maps and Charts, 1948-1957, genealogical charts and maps of Mogmog and the entire Ulithi Atoll.

General Correspondence, 1947-1959 (including Pedro Yamalmai, Saul Riesenberg, Mrs. Gwaladys Simon, Rev. William J. Walter, George P. Murdock and Ward H. Goodenough)

SERIES 8. PAPERS RELATING TO LESSA'S EXPERIENCES AS TECHNICAL ADVISOR, TWENTIETH CENTURY-FOX FILMS. 1951.

These materials were included by Lessa to show the uses to which anthropology may be applied. It should be noted that he was extremely reluctant to accept the position due to ethical and qualification considerations.

He was first contacted to translate a few lines of dialogue but was later retained for the entire film which was eventually released as Down Among the Shelterinq Palms.

Included here is a copy of the original script, autographed by members of the cast and crew; newspaper clippings pertaining to the film; related notes and translations; and correspondence and receipts for payment.

Box 12 (continued)

Personal Note and copy of shooting script for "Friendly Island", released as Down Among the Sheltering Palms.

Related newspaper clippings, notes and translations of dialogue, correspondence, contracts and receipts

Papers Relating to Lessa's research of body divination and somatomancy, Mostly 1950s.

SERIES 9. SOMATOMANCY, Mostly 1950s.

Box 13

General information and copy of publication (1952)

General notes

Newspaper clippings and minor correspondence

Arabic somatomancy - reading notes

Non-Arabic Somatomancy - Reading Notes, lecture manuscript

Ulithian Somatomancy - Copy of Lessa Publication (1953)

Ulithian Somatomancy - Manuscript/Original

Version of above publication and original photographs

Ulithian Somatomancy - Field Record Forms

Ulithian Somatomancy - Tables of Observations of

Characteristics

Box 14

Chinese Somatomancy:

Copy of Chinese Body Divination (1968)

Photographs and Pictureboards

Photographs

Papers Relating to Lessa's Research within and around the Caroline Islands (excluding Ulithi atoll), Mostly 1950s.

SERIES 10: STUDY OF MAPIA ISLANDS.

Box 14 (continued)

Copy of Publication "The Mapia Islands and their Affinities"

Preparatory Reading Notes

Box 15

General Correspondence (including Saul Riesenberg and Edwin H. Bryan, Jr. )

Reading Notes

SERIES 11: STUDIES OF ETHNBOTANY AND ETHNOBIOLOGY OF CAROLINE ISLANDS, 1947-1949, 1950s, 1960s.

Box 15 (continued)

Ethnobotany:

Copy of publication "Traditional Uses of the Vascular Plants of Ulithi Atoll with Comparative Notes (1977)

Reading Notes

Notes (including Flora Records) and correspondence (including Edwin H. Bryan, Jr., Mrs.Leilani Pyle and Saul Riesenberg)

Miscellaneous Correspondence (including Mrs. Leilani Pyle)

Ethnobiology:

Turtles - Copy of publication "Sea Turtles and Ritual: Conservation in the Caroline Islands" (1983)

Reading Notes

Correspondence (including Thomas Gladwin and Pedro Yamalmi)

Fish - Notes

SERIES 12. ULITHI ATOLL RESEARCH, 1960-

Box 16

Address book, 1960

Fieldnotes, 1960 (prearranged and titled by Lessa):

Art

Birds

Dance

Disease

Education

Fighting

Economics

Land Tenure

Music

O'keefe

Place Names

Political System

Residence

Sorcery

Supernatural

Sex and Reproduction

Tattooing

Trochus

Turtle Ritual

SERIES 13. ULITHIAN FOLKLORE/FOLKTALE RESEARCH, 1960.

Box 17

Copy of publication "More Tales from Ulithi Atoll" (1980)

Folktale Notes (prearranged and titled by Lessa):

Haluwai

Discoverer of the Sun

The Beginning of Disk Money on Yap

The Flood

How the People of Fais Came to Eat Shark

The Origin of the Mongolfach Clan

When People Fist Ate Fish

Why the Machekhiu is Taboo

Why Turtles Are Taken offerings to Yap

Two Creative Girls and Their Lazy Sister

How Knot Divination Came to Ulithi

The Overgrown Boy

The Separated Lovers

The Taro Girl

The Very Old Wives

Rei and the Eel

The Faces Girl

Swop and the Wooden Bird

The Girl in the Swinging Bed

The Ugly Lokhseiel

The Ogre Tricked with Banana Trunks

Rola and the Two Sisters

The Spirit Who Gouged Out Eyes

The Deserted Woman and the Many Headed Ogres

The Island in the Blood Red Sea

The Woman Killed by the Rainbow

The Dead Woman and the Isle of Souls

The Ghost of the Woman with Yaws

After Marespa Died

The Selfish Mother

A Story of Iol and Iath

The Magical Earth Oven

An Attack on a Ship at Ulithi

The Visiting Sailor

Mogmog's Battle with the Eastern Warriors

Mogmog's Defeat by Losiep

Kusaie's Expedition against Ponape

The Wooden Phallus at Ifaluk

Copy of "Discoverer-of-theSun-Mythology as a Reflection of Culture"; original tale and manuscript notes

Folklore Miscellany- Notes and Minor Correspondence

Box 18

Ulithian Mythology - Reading Notes and Correspondence (including Edwin H. Bryan, Jr.)

Additional Mythology Reading Notes

SERIES 14. ULITHI ATOLL RESEARCH CONTINUED, 1960-.

Glossy charts of island chain and genealogies

Miscellaneous Library Research Notes

Carolinian Ethnohistory Notes

Carolinian Ethnohistory Translations

Census of Ulithi, 1960:

Copy of publication 'Population Dynamics of an Atoll community" (1962, with George C. Myers)

Census Forms (prearranged by Lessa)

Mogmog
Asor, Flalop, Fassarai
Ffassari and Lossau

Box 19

Journal: 1960, 1961

Social Effects of Typhoon Ophelia, 1960:

Copies of publications (one by Lessa) - 'The Social Effects of Typhoon Ophelia (1960) on Ulithi" (1964)

Resume of Typhoon Ophelia tapes and the Tape Transcripts

Notes , Manuscript Drafts and correspondence (including George W. Baker)

Newspaper clippings

Photographs (annotated)

Correspondence, 1960-:

Coast Guard

NSF - Disaster Research Group (including George W. Baker)

Office of Naval Research

NAS-Pacific Science Board (including George W. Baker)

Office of Naval Research

NAS-Pacific Science Board (including Harold J. Coolidge)

U.S. Dept of the Interior-Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (including John deYoung and Mrs. Gwladys Simon)

Box 20

Miscellany - wartime data and 1960 status report

Receipts and Forms

Bills and Receipts

American Anthropological Association programs and Correspondence

General correspondence (prearranged by year by Lessa):

1960 (including Pedro Yamanimai, Edwin H. Bryan, Jr., Saul Riesenberg, Mrs. Gwladys Simon)

1961 (including Pedro Yamallmai, Rev. William J. Walter, S.J. Br. Raymond V. Whalen, Edwin H. Bryan, Jr. and Clements Meighan)

1962 (including Pedro Yamalmai and Raymond V. Whalen, S.J.)

1962-1965 (including Pedro Yamalalmi and Rev. William J. Walter, S.J.)

1966-1971

1972-1984 (including Pedro Yamalmai and Rev. William J. Walter, S.J.)

SERIES 15. BWANG-CAROLINIAN MARTIAL ART

Box 21

Copy of publication "Bwang, A Martial Art of the Caroline Islands" (1978-with Carlos G. Velez-I.)

Correspondence about Bwang (including Ward H. Goodenough and Saul Riesenberg)

Photographs (dated and numbered)

Information from Pedro Yamalmai - notes, photographs and terms explained in workbook Lessa sent him

Papers Relating to Lessa's Other Pacific Research, 1962-

SERIES 16. SAMOA RESEARCH, 1962

Box 21 (continued)

Field Journal, 1962

Copy of publication "The Sex Ratio of Live Births in Three Pacific Island Populations (Yap, Samoa and New Guinea)" (1965, with Arobati Hicking); plus notes

Photographs-prints and contact sheets (numerically annotated)

Personal Miscellany-greeting cards and pamphlets

SERIES 17. ISLES OF SEQUEIRAS RESEARCH, 1974-1979.

Box 22

Correspondence (including Bailey Diffie and C.R. Boxer)

Notes and Xeroxed Copies

SERIES 18. DRAKE'S "ISLAND OF THIEVES" RESEARCH; BULK 1974-1975

Copy of Drake's Island of Thieves: Ethnological Sleuthing (1975)

Correspondence, 1962-1980, mostly 1974-1975 (including Edwin H. Bryan, Jr., Clements Meighan and Father J. Neyret, S.M.)

Permission Forms and Letters for publication credit

Reading Notes (non-hilippines)

Papers Relating to Lessa's literary and academic life, mostly 1960s-1980s

SERIES 19. GENERAL BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHIC MATERIAL PREPARED BY LESSA

Box 23

SERIES 20. UNPUBLISHED MATERIALS

Articles (some fragmentary and dateless)

Lectures:

"Myths and Tales of Micronesia"

"The Early History of Human Constitution"

"Population Analysis"

"The Anthropologist's View of Religion"

Papers:

"Astro-Physiognomy"

Miscellany

SERIES 21. UCLA LECTURES

Notes - ANTH 290C - Autobiographical

Notes - "Comparative Religion":

I. Introduction
II. The Question of Origins
III. Function
IV. Myth and ritual
V. Symbolism
VI. Totemism
VII. Magic
VIII. Witchcraft

Box 24

IX. Divination
X. Disease and Medicine
XI. Death, Ghosts, and Ancestor Worship
XII. Dynamics
XIII. Trends

Discarded Notes

Outlines and Exams (Fall, 1969)

"Comparative Relgion" exams

Notes for "Peoples of the Pacific:"

I. The Geographic Setting
II. Delineation of the Culture Area
III. Races of the Pacific
IV. Languages of the Pacific
V. The Malaysian Culture Area
VI. The Micronesian Culture Area
VII. The Melanesian Culture Area
VIII. The Polynesian Culture Area

Box 25

IX. Oceanic Navigation
X. Trans-Pacific Contacts

Outlines and Examinations (Winter 1970)

The Australian Culture Area

Oceanic Folklore

Assorted Associated Stencils (labeled in folders)

[end]

 

Last updated: August 9, 2000
Comments to: naa@nmnh.si.edu