Register to the Papers of
Eugene I Knez (Part 2)

1920s–2000, With Information
Dating Back to 1481

By Alan L. Bain

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

December 2002

 

Return to Part 1

Biography

Eugene I. Knez was born Eugene Irving Knezevich on May 12, 1916, in Clinton, Indiana, where he graduated from high school in 1935. His mother and father, Ida and Sam Knezevich, were divorced in 1932, and in 1936, his mother married Edward P. Pearson. The family moved to California where Knez enrolled in pre-medical studies at Los Angeles City College. Knez transferred to the University of New Mexico (UNM), but before completing his studies, returned to Indiana to be with his father, who was ill. There, Knez enrolled at Indiana University. Since Indiana University did not offer courses in anthropology, Knez took classes in sociology and psychology so that he could fulfill the requirements of UNM. Upon completion of his course work at Indiana University, UNM awarded Knez a B.A. in 1941.

While attending the University of New Mexico, Knez was primarily interested in the Native American Indian. During the summer of 1939 he was appointed Park Ranger-Historian in the National Park Service at Coolidge, Arizona. When he returned to Indiana to be with his father, Knez found a summer job as an assistant to a psychologist, who was testing inmates at the Indiana State Farm.

Knez was drafted as a private in the United States Army in 1941. He was promoted to sergeant in 1942 and during that same year was selected for Officer's Candidate School. Knez graduated OCS as a second lieutenant. Knez was trained and later moved into personnel classification and assignment sections in various divisions before and during World War II. In 1945, he was promoted to captain while in a combat support unit on Saipan.

At the end of the war Knez was assigned to Korea. This assignment began a pivotal sequence of events in his life. With his background in anthropology, Knez was placed in charge of the Army's Bureau of Culture, National Department of Education, United States Military Government in Korea headquartered in Seoul. His responsibilities included the restoration of cultural and religious activities, including museums. At the Bureau, Knez developed a sensitivity towards Korea and her people in the aftermath of Japanese colonialism. Knez undertook the restoration of Admiral Yi's large inscribed boulder and a Buddhist pagoda that had been partially dismantled by the Japanese. He established The National Museum of Anthropology (which became the National Folk Museum). In 1946 Knez sponsored an expedition to Cheju Island to collect ethnographic artifacts and record music for the Museum. During that year he also received permission to excavate two royal Silla Tombs at Kyonju with staff from the National Museum of Korea (NMK). This was the beginning of an endearing association with Korea and her people, which culminated in Knez receiving the award of The Order of Cultural Merit (gold medal) in 1995 from the Republic of Korea.

Knez was discharged from the United States Army in 1946. From 1947 to 1948, he attended Yale University as a research assistant in anthropology and worked at the Peabody Museum. He then joined the federal government and from 1949 to 1953 Knez served as a Cultural Affairs and Public Affairs officer at the American embassies in Korea and Japan. From 1949 to 1951, Knez was chief of Branch Operations, United States Information Agency, first headquartered in Seoul and then moving from Seoul to Pusan with the invasion by North Korea.

During his assignment in Korea, Knez undertook several major activities that had a profound effect on his life. With the approaching North Korean forces getting ready to invade Seoul for the second time, Kim, Chewon, director of the National Museum of Korea, approached Knez and made a personal request to help save the Museum's treasures. Though Knez was a war time member of the American Embassy he undertook the task without receiving official permission. He coordinated the movement of the Museum and Yi dynasty collections and some of the Museum staff by having them shipped by railroad boxcar from Seoul to Pusan.

During the fighting Knez began his ethnographic material culture research at Sam Jong Dong in the Kimhae region north of Pusan. When it appeared in 1951 that the United Nations was losing the war, Knez received permission to spend two months of his home leave to stay in Korea to continue his research. This study was to continue into the 1990s.

While in Pusan, Knez recommended that two dinners be held to help the morale of Korea's cultural leaders, those who were refugees from Seoul. One dinner was to be for the older generation and the second for younger Korean scholars and members of the cultural community. At the second dinner, Knez met his future bride, Choi, Jiae, a highly regarded Korean actress.

During 1951, Knez was transferred to Tokyo as Policy and Program officer for the United States Information Agency. In 1952 he was assigned as the USIA regional Public Affairs officer in Fukuoka.

In 1953, Knez left the USIA and joined the staff at Hunter College, located in the Bronx, New York, first as a lecturer and then as an instructor. While teaching at Hunter, Knez attended graduate school at Syracuse University. In 1959, he received a Doctor of Social Science Degree in anthropology from the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Knez's thesis was Sam Jong Dong: A South Korean Village. During the school year 1968-1969, the Maxwell School went from awarding the D.S.Sc. degree to the Ph.D. In 1970, Knez successfully petitioned the School to have his degree changed.

In 1959, Knez was appointed Associate Curator of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. He was given the responsibility for Asian ethnology and was assigned the task of establishing the first permanent Asian exhibitions in two halls at the United States National Museum (later, the National Museum of Natural History). At the time, the Asian collections available for the halls were poor or non-existent. Knez began his first of several field expeditions to augment the Museum's artifact and cultural collections. Almost all of the Asian exhibitions that he planned had to have collections taken directly from the field.

The first permanent exhibition was opened in 1961 and contained information on the South Asian World in Miniature, India and Pakistan. During the year two more exhibitions were completed, documenting India, Pakistan, and Thailand. In 1962, Knez completed fifteen more exhibitions; he completed eight in 1963 and 1964; one in 1965; and one in 1967. The themes for the exhibitions included China, Japan, Iran, Korea, Tibet, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Laos, Pakistan, India, East Africa, North Africa and the Middle East, Islam, and Buddhism. From 1963 through 1973, Knez put together additional temporary exhibitions, which included themes on Korea, China, India, Japan, Bhutan, and acquisitions of Hindu and Buddhist sculpture. In 1967, Knez provided the objects and created the documentation for the United States Department of State exhibition honoring the visit of the King and Queen of Thailand. Knez developed an exhibition about Korea, which went on display between 1977 and 1979 and was coordinated by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service.

Knez retired from the Smithsonian in November 1978 and was appointed Anthropologist Emeritus in 1979. Knez moved to Hawaii and developed ties with the University of Hawaii as a visiting scholar at the Center for Korean Studies. Knez continued his research on the Kimhae region, and in 1993, published his revised, The Modernization of Three Korean Villages, 1951-81: an Illustrated study of a people and their material culture.

 

Chonology of the Life of Eugene I. Knez

May 12, 1916

Born

1935

Graduated High School

1941

Drafted, Private, United States Army

1941

B.A., University of New Mexico

1942

Officer's Candidate School, 2nd Lieutenant, United States Army

1945

Promoted to Captain, United States Army

1945-1946

United States Army, In charge, Bureau of Culture, National Department of Education, Seoul, Korea

1946

Ethnographic and Geographic Survey, National Folk Museum of Anthropology, Korea, Cheju Island

1946

Excavation, National Museum of Korea, Royal Silla Tomb, Kyongju

August 1946

Honorable Discharge, United States Army

1947-1948

Yale University, Peabody Museum, Research Assistant in Anthropology

1947

Study of American Indian Shaker cult, Washington State Museum, Seattle

1949

Changed Name from Knezevich to Knez

1949-1951

Wartime Center Director, United States Information Service, Pusan, Korea

1951

Shipment of National Museum of Korea Collections and Staff from Seoul to Pusan

1951-1952

Ethnographic Study of Kimhae Area, Korea, towards a dissertation

1952-1976

United States Army Reserve (retired as Full Colonel)

1953-1959

Lecturer and Instructor, Hunter College, New York

1959-

Fellow, American Anthropological Association

1959

D.S.S.C. (later, Ph.D.) Syracuse University

1959

Anthropologist, Smithsonian Institution

1961-1962

Overseas Collecting Trips to Asia

1961

First Asian Exhibition Installation

1962

Letter of Appreciation, Republic of Korea

1965

Smithsonian Special Act (Development of Asian Collections) Award

1966

Member of the United States Museums Advisory Delegation Planning Meeting for the Establishment of a Korean National Science Museum Center, Seoul

1970

Award, Korean Village Study, Smithsonian Institution, Secretary's Fund

1971

Exhibition, A Korean Village: Its Changing Culture, which was later adapted as a traveling exhibition in the United States and Canada

1974

Exhibition, Bhutan: The Land of Dragons

1975

Invited Participant, Pakistan-Sind Government International Seminar

1977

Exhibition, Arms and Armor of Japan

1978-

Fellow, The Explorers Club, New York

1978

Retired, Smithsonian Institution

1979-

Anthropologist Emeritus, Smithsonian Institution

1979

Award, Himalayan Project, Tibetan Buddhism and Its Role in Society and State, National Endowment for the Humanities, which led to a publication by Knez with Franz Michael

1981

Award, Fulbright Senior Scholar, Korea, Council for International Exchange of Scholars

1995

Presentation of The Order of Culture Merit (Gold Medal), Republic of Korea

 

Introduction

Knez was not a prolific writer. Though his research encompassed East and Southeast Asia, his field expeditions for collections and his charge to establish the first permanent Asian halls while at the Smithsonian limited his scientific writings to documentation required for Smithsonian exhibitions and his ongoing interest in the material culture of Sam Jong Dong and The Three Ministries, located in the Kimhae region of southeast Korea. To overcome Asian language barriers, Knez had to utilize informants, Korean scholars, and translators in order to carry out his research. The materials that he collected or were forwarded to him about Asia, however, represent an impressive body of information that researchers of Southeast Asia would want to review for general studies. Of special importance would be the information about culture around the South China Sea, and especially studies about Korean and Japanese ethnology and anthropology, the pre-colonial and colonial period, the period right after World War II, the Korean War, and changes in Korean agricultural farming life, from the early 1900s through the 1980s. A knowledge of Chinese calligraphy, Korean Hangul, and pre-World War Two Japanese (Taisho and Showa Periods) are required to understand the complete record documenting Korean history.

These papers contain detailed correspondence and memoranda, documenting Knez's professional life as a curator of anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution. Visual images, photographs, slides, videotapes, film, and sound recording as well as research information and correspondence provide a complete record of the exhibitions that Knez established at the Smithsonian. Correspondence, memoranda, and photographs provide a less complete picture of Knez's activities before his appointment as curator. There is a very strong and complete record of his activities while stationed in Korea after World War II and during the Korean War. This material includes correspondence, photographs and film footage. Knez also brought out of Korea photographs that were taken by the Japanese during the colonial period. There is also film footage taken around 1946 on Cheju Island. In addition, there are postcards and photo cards that contain a rich visual image of Korea dating back before the 1920s.

The largest series within these papers contains Knez's material culture research on Korea. This series includes field notes, interviews, transcriptions, correspondence, photographs, publications and translations about Korean history dating back to 1481, Japanese publications and translations regarding anthropomorphic and agricultural studies of Koreans and Korean agricultural life, and Knez's draft publications. There is a large series of photographs and slides documenting Asian art collections as well as Asian cultures. The Knez Papers also includes a phonograph record collection which is not dated and contains Korean and Japanese opera and folk songs. In addition, there is a collection of Confucius teachings, school books, and genealogy written in Chinese calligraphy and Hangul.

The arrangement of these papers and the file folders within the series are not always well ordered. Multiple accessions were transferred to the National Anthropological Archives. Where subject information was the same, folders were filed into existing series developed in the 1970s and 1980s. In similar fashion, individual items that were not within folders were interfiled in existing folders that contained the same information.

The research series (series six), which primarily documents Knez's research activities and information he received or collected on Korea has some provenance. The material was reboxed several times, but there remains segments of information that are completely related. At other times, there is no logical relationship between one group of files and the next. Most of the folders were never dated. Therefore, it is difficult to understand the different periods in Knez's life when he worked on his Korean studies, without going through the entire series. Photographs are not always dated. Only a very small number were used in Knez's 1997 publication (where they are dated), The Modernization of Three Korean villages, 1951-1981 (Smithsonian Institution Press).

Most of the series within these papers contain different aspects of Knez's interest in Asia, and in particular, his focus on Korea. For example, correspondence regarding Knez's activities during his stay in Korea after World War II and during the Korean War will be found in series two, Subject File; photographs documenting the same time period will be found in series six, Research Projects, and series thirteen, Biographical and Autobiographical Material. And, series ten, Motion Picture Film and Sound Recordings, contain visual images of Knez's activities in Korea during 1946, 1950-1951.

The completion of this project would not have occurred without the assistance of Smithsonian staff, volunteers, and interns. I would like to thank Ms. Chang-Su Houchins, Department of Anthropology, National Museum of Natural History, for providing information to questions I had regarding East Asian material and translations and information on Japanese and Korean writings and photographs as well as coordinating the translation of Chinese text, and to her assistant, Yong-Jean Park, for a translation to Knez's biography written in Korean (Hangul); the description for part of series nine, Collection and Research Photographs, was completed by Barbara Coons while a staff member at the National Anthropological Archives (NAA); volunteer Miho Matsuda contributed towards the translation of photographic descriptions located in the albums in series six, Research Projects; intern Yoko Yamaguchi continued the translations to the photograph volumes, provided translations for several phonograph recordings in series eleven, and refolded the contents in the collection; NAA staff, Robert Leopold and Susan McElrath, for overall support and placing this finding aid on the Archives web site; and to staff of the Human Studies Film Archives, Mark White and Daisy Njoku for assisting in the review of Korean motion picture film. All errors of name renditions, omissions, and inaccuracies regarding people, events, and time are mine.

The motion picture film was transferred to the Human Studies Film Archives in 2002. In 2009, the sound recordings were separated from the collection and stored in the audio cabinets. Loose notes were separated from the recordings and placed in a folder titled “Audio ephemera.”

 

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

SERIES 1. ACCESSION CORRESPONDENCE and INFORMATION and EXAMINATION AND REPORTS OF COLLECTIONS, 1959-1977 and undated, with information dating back to 1893

This series contains correspondence with collectors, field researchers, curators, embassy staff, foreign and United States government officials, friends, the public concerning inquiries about objects, and dealers, along with catalogs and some Smithsonian Institution collection lists. Related material may be found in other series of this finding aid, especially series two, Subject File, and series nine, Collection and Research Photographs.

Box 1

Accession Data - William Morden Collection, 1967

Accessioning New Materials - Rules, undated

Examination of Work of Art or Objects (SI-18), Knez

Afghanistan, 1970-1972

Ainu, 1966-1969

Arabia (Saudi), 1975-1976

Asian Ethnological Collections Obtained from Overseas

T. Keilor Bently, 1971

The Bernadou, Allen and Jouy Corean Collections in the United States National Museum, 1893, by Walter Hough (2 copies)

Bhutan, 1972-1974

Burma, 1959-1963

Cambodia, 1959-1963. Includes a photograph of bullock cart from Burma.

Box 1

China/Taiwan, 1960-1973. Includes photographs of a joss house.

Chinese Collection. Property seized by the United States Customs Service, 1971.

China. Jen Dao Chen Collection, 1973-1976. Describes confiscated material by the United States Customs Service and contains correspondence with Service staff.

George H. Hughes, Jr., Artifacts of Costa Rica, 1970

India/and adjacent area, 1959-1975. (3 folders) The third folder is titled Elizabeth B. Willis.

Box 2

Iran, 1963-1966

Japan, 1962-1972. Includes photographs from the Kintaro Saitoh collection.

Japanese Brass Vase sent for examination by Penelope Economon, 1972

Israel/Judaism, 1965

Jordan, 1970

Korea, 1961-1977. (2 folders) Contains correspondence from Korean curators, Central Intelligence Agency staff in Korea, American embassy officials in Korea, and Korean colleagues regarding information about gifts, object lists, and descriptions of objects documenting the transfer of a collection from Korea to the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) for an exhibition. There is also information about Korean calligrapher, Kim, Eung Hyan, a donation by Mrs. Jiae Knez to the Museum, and a United States Information Agency (USIA) document about a Japanese exhibition and objects going to the United States.

Korean Ceramics, 1969-1971

Laos, 1970-1971

Tsering D. Lhungay, undated

Malaysia, 1963-1971

Nepal, 1963. Includes photographs of objects.

Palestine, 1970. Includes photographs of wedding dresses and women from Bethlehem.

Pakistan, 1961-1970

Ryukyu Islands, 1964-1965. Contains information about textiles and dye work as well as about garments no longer worn on Okinawa. Includes a Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES) catalog list of materials from Okinawa.

Warren P. Scott Collection. Includes information about restoration carried out by Sadae Y. Walters, 1972-1974.

Sikkim, 1965

Box 3

Thailand, 1961-1973

Tibet, Assam, Sikkim, 1963-1975 (2 folders)

Tibet, 1968-1972. (4 folders) Includes object list, photographs and description of items purchased from Tibetan refugees living in India, 1971. Folder four contains a collection list and description of Tibetan artifacts.

Box 4

Turkey, 1966-1970

Vietnam, 1962-1975. Includes information about the war in Vietnam and rules for accessioning new materials, Division of Ethnology, undated.

 

SERIES 2. SUBJECT FILE, 1937-1999 and undated, with information dating back to 1852

Most of the information within this series documents Knez's work at the Smithsonian. A major series within these papers, Knez interfiled material documenting all aspects of his work. Files include personal and official inter-office memoranda and correspondence dealing with various subjects. There are also photographs, some classified information on employee prospects and newspaper clippings on various subjects that pertain to culture area exhibitions and acquisitions. Also included are forms, policy statements and Smithsonian Institution procedures. Researchers need to go to the subject files (arranged alphabetically) and then to the general correspondence and memoranda files for the years they are interested in to make sure all information about a particular topic has been found. Additional related material is also located in the other series of this finding aid.

Box 4 (cont.)

American Anthropological Association, 1967

American Ethnological Society, 1966

American Indian, 1957-1965. Includes postcards of Indian artifacts taken from museums and collections in Arizona, circa 1960s.

American Museum of Natural History, The, 1946

Anthropology - Physical. Includes information about anthropometry, undated.

Anthropology - Class outlines, 1961 and undated. Includes an article about a school in Arizona, 1961.

Anthropology - Periodicals, 1963.

Anthropology - Urgent. Contains information and report about a Smithsonian conference on Anthropology, 1966.

Applied Anthropology, 1959-1961. Contains reprints and a press release.

Archeology - radio carbon dating, circa 1960s. Contains forms and sampling rules.

Art - Asia, 1948-1949. Contains syllabus and bibliography on a course given at the University of Washington.

Asia - general information including chronologies. Contains articles, information about music and dance recitals (Asian), Korean and Chinese chronologies and bibliographies, a map on cultural areas and zones of transition, 1966, and a conference newsletter, Literature East & West, 1961.

Asian Exports. Includes lists and photographs of objects held by The Fan Company, 1958.

Asian travel - Japan and Korea. Contains an Asian tour report, 1959.

Asian Trip, 1960-1961. (3 folders) Includes correspondence, receipts, and catalogs.

Box 5

Bernadou. (5 folders) Includes notes by Knez about John A. Bernadou, collector of Korean artifacts; biographical information about Bernadou; copies of USNM accession records; notes on the Korean collection; copies of correspondence between Spencer F. Baird and Bernadou; photographs of Bernadou and Koreans taken during the United States Navy Korean Expedition, 1871.

Bernadou/Foulk. Contains a draft of "American Collectors of Korean Folk Materials, 1884-1968." Includes comments on Jouy and correspondence to locate Foulk photographs, Bernadou material, notes, and accession information.

Bhutan, 1973-1974. (2 folders). Contains negatives and prints of Knez and Lama Mynak Rimpoche at the National Museum, Paro, Bhutan, 1973, and the NMNH, circa 1973. There are lists of objects for an exhibition on Bhutan and a memorandum concerning the purchase of Bhutan ethnological specimens through Smithsonian Institution Fluid Research funds.

Bibliography. Includes purchases, subscriptions, acquisitions, publications requested, and invoices, 1969-1977 (2 folders).

Book Reviews by Knez regarding India, Korea, and Museums, 1955-1987. Includes a review of Brandt, Vincent S. R., A Korean Village: Between Farm and Sea, 1972, and Fischer and Shah, Rural Craftsman and Their Work: Equipment and Techniques in the Mer Village of Ratadi in Sanrashitra, India, 1970; Evelyn McCune, "The Arts of Korea: an Illustrated History," 1961; and Joan V. Underwood, Concise English-Korean Dictionary, 1955.

Burma Collection. (2 folders) Includes Smithsonian accession and documentation list, copies of object lists and description, 1960, and correspondence, 1969.

Box 6

Burma - general and inquiries, 1960. Contains a script outline of a USIA interview between Knez and Ukyaw Aye.

Cambodia - general, circa 1960s. Contains map of Phnom Penh and countryside, and a photograph of a statue.

Camera - tape recorders, field equipment (catalogs)

Central Mexican ceramics, University of New Mexico, 1937-1938

Ceylon - general, 1960-1966

China:

Ceramics, circa 1954-1957

Bibliography - general, circa 1954-1957. Includes articles about Peiping and Taiwan.

Taipei Museum exhibitions: "China's Contacts with the Outside World"

Taipei Museum exhibitions: "Sacrifices to Confucius"

Taipei Museum exhibitions: "Chinese Characters and Scholar's Life"

Taipei Museum exhibitions: "Chinese Regional Life"

Taipei Museum exhibitions: Photographs from Taipei Museum exhibitions

Taipei Museum exhibitions: Diagrams from the exhibits on the scholar's study in China and a farmer's life in South and North China

Taipei Museum exhibitions: Information for exhibits. Includes biographical information about James Zee-Min Lee; photographs of Lee and Knez and friends in Hong Kong, 1961; photographs of Lee and his collection of Temple paintings, Hong Kong, 1960; a play by Lee, "Song of Lee Kee;" and photographs from an herbal shop in Taiwan, early 1960s, taken by the National Museum in Taiwan.

Chinese Consultants, 1960-1966

Cloth Patterns, unidentified

Collections: Museum, 1959-1978. Contains information about the various Asian collections in the National Museum of Natural History.

Collections - Ceylon

Collections - Commodore Perry, 1970

Box 7

Commodore Perry Collection (3 folders):

Folder 1. The Japan Expedition, 1852-1855, Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry. Includes photographs of exhibition objects, objects as they were displayed in the exhibition, and installation photographs.

Folder 2. Photographs of Heine's lithographs of Commodore Perry's visit to Japan and the Ryukyu Islands. Included are color slides (documented) of Heine's lithographs and color slides of the Perry exhibition providing detailed views of scrolls that were on exhibit.

Folder 3. Photographs of Okinawa taken during Korean War, 1952, of places visited by Commodore Perry, by Victor Krantz. Negatives include Nago, Kin, Nakajin area, Motubu Peninsula, northern part of Okinawa, Chinen, Itoman, and southern Okinawa, Naha, and Shuri area. Prints include the Awase area, Nakagusuku Castle site and Awase shrine; Chinen, rice paddy terraces on the Philippine Seaside; Futema, Shi Shi Mai and Futerma shrine, Itoman, Katuren shrine near Chinen, Kin, Okinawa, Motubu Peninsula; Naga Shi Bune; Nago, Naha, fragment of a temple or shrine and Nominaque, a shrine for fishermen; Nakajin Village; Obon Odori festival; Ryutan and Ryukuyuan University; Yonaburu; Okinawan stone work and kiln, no location. Includes fishing fleet and boat during women's day parade.

Collections: Asian Anthropological Collections of the Smithsonian Institution

Collections: Asian Ethnological Collection Obtained from Overseas, undated

Collections: Japanese arms and armor, 1970-1971

Collections: Japanese ceramics

Collections: Loss of specimens (theft, fire, etc.), 1964

Collections: Dealers and repair specialists, 1968

Collections: Tibet

Columbia University - Seminars, 1945-1973. Includes Columbia University seminars about Korea, 1971-1973.

Crompton, Walter A., 1971

Conservation/Restoration/Preservation, 1963-1971

Box 8

Copies of Outgoing Correspondence, 1961-1978, A-L

Box 9

Copies of Outgoing Correspondence, 1961-1978, M-Z

Corrected correspondence (one item, undated)

Handwritten drafts of correspondence and memoranda, undated

In the following correspondence and memoranda files, materials are mostly unarranged within the folders.

Correspondence, 1978/1979 [-1980]. Includes correspondence with colleagues, including Franz Michael, The George Washington University, regarding the review of chapters written by Knez; Kim, Won-Yong, Department of Archeology, Seoul National University, 1980, regarding a fellowship for Knez; the public about the exhibition, "Korean Village in Transition;" congressmen and senators regarding House Resolution 3439, on Amerasian children, 1980; Kim, Chewon, 1980, regarding an international symposium at the Center for Korean Studies, Hawaii; Knez's appointment as an Anthropologist Emeritus, 1979; and in regard to Knez becoming a visiting scholar at the Center for Korean Studies, University of Hawaii.

Box 10

Correspondence - Personal, 1976-1978. (3 folders) Includes professional correspondence. Contains information about recommendations and discussions on possible exhibitions and development of joint exhibitions, rejections of objects by private donors, objects that Knez was interested in purchasing, receipts for personal objects Knez transferred to the National Museum of American History, thank you letters for copies of publications, resumes of those who wanted access to the objects in the collection, invitation to exhibition openings around the United States, information about the Smithsonian Foreign Currency Program, and discussion on the development of radio broadcasts. There are some memoranda, in particular concerning Knez's problems within the Department of Anthropology.

Interoffice Memoranda, 1976-1978. (3 folders) Contains memoranda to and from Knez along with copies forwarded to him for information purposes. Subject contents include appraisal and recommendations for purchasing collections; missing NMNH collections; Department of Anthropology collection policy changes and curators' response to the new policy, 1978; requests for Knez to provide tours for foreign visitors; requests to borrow Museum collections for Smithsonian exhibitions; information about slide sets and scripts for mounted exhibitions; requests by Knez to change label information in some of the exhibition halls and his involvement with Hall 26. There is also a request that Knez serve on the Curatorial Committee on Decorative Arts, 1976.

Box 11

Outgoing Memoranda, 1976-1978

Correspondence - Personal, 1973-1975. (3 folders) Includes professional correspondence. Contains information about book purchases; requests to loan Museum objects for exhibitions; examination of objects requested by the public; correspondence with Cornelius Osgood about his library being transferred to the Museum; correspondence with Paul Dredge about collecting objects in Korea and Korean laws on removing cultural artifacts from Korea; correspondence with Gerry Hickey (14 December 1973) on the Montagnards of Vietnam; correspondence with Edward Fearson about Knez's trip to Bhutan, 1973; Knez correspondence with relatives in Yugoslavia; involvement with the Smithsonian display of Japanese objects for the visit by the Emperor and Empress of Japan, 1975; conditions of the collections maintained in the storage room and the lack of collection support and missing objects, 1974; correspondence with friends and colleagues about Asian objects and exhibitions; correspondence about family life and health problems; correspondence with Mynak Rimpoche Tulku, Director of the National Museum, Royal Government of Bhutan, 1974; correspondence regarding Knez's work with the Institute for Advance Studies of World Religions; correspondence with Korean friends and Americans living in Korea; and S. Dillon Ripley and Knez correspondence with Leela Dayal concerning her collection of items from Tibet, Bhutan, China, and Persia, 1973-1974. There is some correspondence from 1971 to 1972 within the folder containing 1973 material.

Box 12

Outgoing Memoranda, 1975

Interoffice Memoranda, 1973-1975 (3 folders). Includes information on identification of collections and objects by Knez based on public inquiries; a report to Paul N. Perrot on Knez's visit to the National Museum of Bhutan; a volunteer report on an inventory project of the Museum's Tibetan collection; and Knez funding request for Fluid Research Funds to deliver a scientific paper in Honolulu.

Outgoing Memoranda, 1971-1972

Correspondence Control List, 1968-1971

Correspondence - Personal, 1967-1972. (6 folders) Contains information about conferences; requests to Knez to give professional papers at meetings especially Asian and most particularly on Korean subjects; correspondence with friends about visits to Washington and Knez's visits to friends while on travel to Asian countries; thank you letters from Knez to persons donating objects to the Museum; photograph of donated Japanese swords, 1972; correspondence concerning the Department's development of a center for the study of Japanese arms and armor and attempts to collect objects on that topic; general comments by Knez on the selection of new staff members to the Department, 1971; information about the professional Japanese sword polisher working on the Department of Anthropology collections, 1970; requisitions for payment to research assistants, 1970; and a letter from M. Dale Kinkade, chairman, Department of Anthropology, The University of Kansas, inviting Knez to apply for a staff position on East Asia, October 3, 1968.

Personal Correspondence, 1966

Outgoing Memoranda and Correspondence, 1966

Box 13

Outgoing Memoranda, 1959-1970 (3 folders)

Interoffice Memoranda, 1967-1972. (6 folders) Includes memoranda about the Islamic Archives donated by the widow of Myron Bement Smiths, 1972, and the visit by Samuel Eliot Morrison, 1967.

Box 14

Correspondence - Personal, 1959-1965. (7 folders) Subject content includes correspondence with potential donors; urgent anthropology, 1966, and the disappearing cultures in the Pacific area; interesting correspondence with Kim, Chewon, Director, National Museum of Korea, 1966, concerning the retirement of Kim and his views on the lack of Knez's publishing output; letter from Toichi Mabuchi concerning shamanistic rites of women at Kaduka, Ryukyu Islands, July 30, 1966; Korean material culture information with Cornelius Osgood, Curator, Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale, 1965; and correspondence with Douglas G. Haring, University of Syracuse.

Initiated Correspondence, 1959-1964. (6 folders) The subject matter in these folders are similar to those labeled personal correspondence. The difference is that this correspondence was initiated by Knez. Contents includes information concerning the Department's collections and requests by scholars to study them; acknowledgments upon receipt of donations; requests by Knez to purchase objects; requests by Knez for slides of collections; Knez's requests to other museums to study their collections; a script from a Voice of America program about Knez's Asian exhibition, July 1962; Knez letter to the Department of State regarding his views of cultural affairs based on his trip to Asia, 1961; and requests by Knez for publications and copies of talks given at professional meetings.

Inquires From the Public and Answers, 1959-1964. (6 folders) There is little difference between information in these folders and those in the files marked personal correspondence and initiated correspondence. Subject content includes identification of objects sent to the Department or based on photographs of the objects; requests by Knez to order periodicals; requests by Knez to repair certain objects; Knez on the state of the exhibitions in Hall 7, 1963; Knez letter to a colleague offering him a possible job at the Smithsonian as a curator; and information about the Bionomic Research League in Washington, DC, 1960.

Interoffice Memoranda, 1959-1962, 1964-1966. (7 folders) Includes comments on the use of Department illustrators by Smithsonian Institution Press for work done by authors outside the Institution, 1966; requests by Knez for travel and travel funds; research proposal for an East China Sea program (Korea phase) on cross cultural study of material culture in village life, with budgetary figures through 1970, 1966; information on the opening of Hall 7 and development of Hall 8; object identification; Fluid Research Fund request to support, "A Source Book of Korean Anthropology;" Knez reports on various trips to professional meetings including museum and ethnology meetings; and recommendation for Asian collection acquisitions with costs figures, 1965.

Correspondence - Old, 1939-1966. Contains extensive correspondence with Peter H. Buck, Director of the Bernice T. Bishop Museum, Hawaii, 1939-1947.

Correspondence - Cambodia, 1965

Correspondence - China, 1954-1966

Correspondence - India and Ceylon, 1962-1966

Box 15

Correspondence - Iran, 1962-1966

Correspondence - Japan, 1954-1968. Temple gate photographs and blueprints (Nio-mon from Uozu), with the offer to sell the Temple gates to the Museum for an Asian exhibition.

Correspondence - Korea, 1959-1967, 1968-1969. (8 folders) Includes a photograph of Lee, Doo-hyun, ethnologist at Seoul National University, 1964. The last folder, 1959-1961, contains a few items dating to 1964.

Correspondence - Korea and Elsewhere, 1955-1962, and undated. Includes a photograph of Lee, Dong Hoon, correspondence from Kim, Jae-Jin; Yook, D. B., who worked with Knez at the United States Information Service, Pusan in 1951; Kim, Chewon, 1955-1958; Che, Myong (letter in Korean); Pyong, Do Di; Lee, Dong Hoon; and Paik, L. Genge; correspondence with the United States Department of State regarding the Korean Room exhibition in the NMNH; list of Korean objects that were housed in Sweden and date from 1876 to 1965; a photographic exhibition of Korean historic architecture in the United States traveling through the State Department with request for Knez to give a lecture on Korea, 1956.

Correspondence - Laos, 1964-1965

Correspondence - Malaya, 1959-1963

Correspondence - Mongolia, 1960

Correspondence - Nepal, 1965

Correspondence - Okinawa, 1963-1965

Correspondence - Pakistan, 1959-1969. Contains microfilm strips of The Indus Delta Country by M. R. Haig and a report on Pakistani students from a researcher working for the Institute of Current World Affairs, 1969.

Correspondence - Thailand, 1960-1965

Correspondence - Viet Nam, 1959-1966

Cultural Diffusion - Indebtedness to Asia, 1962 and undated

Data Processing, 1972-1976

Computerizing the Ethnological Collections, 1975

Ten Most Common Queries for Data Files, undated

Education - Anthropology. Contains Archeology as a Career, written by William C. Sturtevant, 1963.

Education - Liberal, 1956

Eskimo Art. Contains reprints.

Europe - General. Contains one item, an address of a colleague.

Europe - Ethnography. Contains a printed bibliography from catalog cards.

Examinations, 1944-1964. Contains examinations given at various universities including an examination at American University that Knez was asked to grade.

 

End Part 2
Continue: KNEZ PART 3

Last updated: April 6, 2010
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