Register to the Papers of
Sister M. Inez Hilger

By James R. Glenn

National Anthropological Archives
Smithsonian Institution

November 2000

Introduction

Scope and Content Note

Bibliography of Works by Sister Inez Hilger

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

Series 1. Diaries and Notebooks. 1946-47; 1966-68.

Series 2. Material Relating to the Field Guide to the Ethnological Study Of Child Life. 1932-1966. 5 In.

Series 3. Noteslips Regarding the Chippewa, 1932-1942. ca 14 in.

Series 4. Chippewa Photographs. 1932-1940. 8 1/4 In.

Series 5. Noteslips, Photographs and Other Material Concerning the Arapahos. 1935-1942. 16 In.

Series 6. Miscellaneous Field and Reading Notes. 1936-1943. 22 In.

Series 7. Noteslips From Secondary Sources. N.D. 36 In.

Series 8." Notes On Crow Culture." Ca. 1970. 1/2 In.

Series 9. Noteslips Concerning the Araucanians. 1946-1947; 1951-1952. 12 In.

Series 10. Araucanian Photographs. 1946-52 28 In.

Series 11. Miscellaneous Araucanian Material. 1916-65 (Much Undated). 7 In.

Series 12. Material Regarding Huenun Namku: An Araucanian Indian Of the Andes Remembers the Past. 1952-62. 10 In.

Series 13. Material Regarding the Ainu and together With the Ainu. Ca. 1965-71. 16 In.

Series 14. Material Relating to Psychological Test Administered to Ainu and Japanese School Children. 1964-69. 10 In.

Series 15. Ainu Photographs. 1957-65. 7 In.

Series 16. Material Regarding the Television Course "Anthropology Of the Americas." 1957-58 13 In.

Series 17. Writings. 1931-64. 10 In.

Series 18. Printed Material. Most 1930s-70s. 3 Ft.

Series 19. Miscellany. 1938-70 2 In.

Series 20. Sound Recordings

Series 21. Maps. 1929-58 (Several Undated). 47 Items

Series 22. Miscellaneous Photographs. 1932-46. 8 In.

 

Introduction

Marie Inez Hilger was born to a family of German immigrants October 16, 1891 in Roscoe, Minnesota. She joined the order of the Sisters of St. Benedict in 1914. Throughout her life, Sister Inez's primary institutional affiliation was the College of St. Benedict in St. Joseph, Minnesota. She joined its staff when it still operated as a high school. A plan to convert the school into a college was the impetus for Sister Inez to pursue further studies in history, literature, sociology, and anthropology at the University of Minnesota and The Catholic University of America. She was the first woman fully admitted to The Catholic University of America and matriculated with an anthropology Ph.D. in 1939. In 1955, she became a research associate of the Bureau of American Ethnology.

Sister Inez's field work began during the 1930s with concern for the social problems of Chippewa Indians of Minnesota. However, with the influence of Rhoda Metraux and Margaret Mead, she eventually developed a special interest in the life of children. She pursued studies in this field among the Chippewa (1932-1966); Arapaho (1935-1942), Araucanian (1946-1947; 1951-1952), and Ainu and Japanese (1962-1963). In addition, she carried out miscellaneous ethnological studies among several Plains, southwestern, southeastern, and Latin American tribes. At the end of her life, Sister Inez was working among the Blackfeet collecting what she called "grandmother tales." Her work was basically descriptive.

In addition to her classroom teaching and field work, Sister Inez prepared a field guide on the study of child life for the Human Relations Area File. Sister Inez died May 18, 1977 in St. Joseph, Minnesota.

Scope and Content Note

These papers reflect the professional life of anthropologist Sister Inez Hilger. The collection includes correspondence; Latin American diaries and notebooks (arranged chronologically); noteslips (arranged by tribe and/or subject); reading notes; notes on museum specimens; outlines and draft publications; survey materials; black and white photographs (both prints and negatives, arranged by subject and geographical area); color slides; sound recordings; some outline tracings of artifacts; plant specimens; newspaper clippings (primarily concerning Indians and Sister Inez); published maps; and several original illustrations. There is also a large amount of printed material, primarily reprints of Hilger's articles.

Of special interest are psychological tests (temporarily restricted) which Hilger and associates administered to Ainu and Japanese school children in 1965. Also of note are Margaret Mead’s and Father John M. Cooper’s materials relating to the study of child life. In addition, Mary Zirbes, Hilger’s niece, conducted a tape-recorded interview with Hilger, concerning her early life and entrance into the Catholic University of America.

Correspondents include Margaret Mead and Rhoda Metraux. The collection occupies 18.5 linear feet of shelf space.

Bibliography of Works by Sister Inez Hilger

1939 A Social Survey of One Hundred Fifty Chippewa Indian Families on the White Earth Reservation of Minnesota.

1951 Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 146. Washington, D.C.

1952 Arapaho Child Life and Its Cultural Background. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 148. Washington, D.C.

1957 Araucanian Child Life and Its Cultural Background. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, v. 155. Washington, D.C.

1960 Field Guide to the Ethnological Study of Child Life. Human Relations Area Files Behavior Science Field Guides, v. 1

1966 Huenun Namku: An Araucanian Indian of the Andes Remembers the Past (with Margaret Mondloch).

1971 Together with the Ainu: A Vanishing People.

Restrictions

The following series is restricted: Series 14. Material Relating to Psychological Test Administered to Ainu And Japanese School Children.

Series Descriptions and Container Lists

Series 1. DIARIES AND NOTEBOOKS. 1946-47; 1966-68. 6 in. 14 vol.

Arranged chronologically.

The early diaries concern Sister Inez's travels in Latin America and the later diaries concern the period she spent working on material related to the Ainu. Little of the diaries are of direct anthropological concern, except for a few notes on anthropological specimens seen at the Museo Historica National de Chile. The diaries briefly record things seen, people met, and activities pursued. Also recorded are names and addresses, reminders of things to do, and odd facts concerning history, Catholic religious practices, events, and impressions about said subjects.

Box 1

Guatemala-Lima, 1946 (list of expenses)

Santiago I., 1946 (list of contacts)

Santiago II; (anthropological specimens seen at Museo Historica National de Chile)

San Jose to Coñaripe; Nov. 7, 1946-Feb. 6, 1947 (travel notes, itineraries)

Buenos Aires; April 1947 (travel notes, contact information, expenses, itineraries)

Santiago, Concepcion, Santiago; Nov. 1946-April 1947 (travel notes, contact information, expenses, itineraries)

Coñaripe to Victoria; Feb. 6 1947-March 30, 1947 (travel notes, contact information, expenses, itineraries)

Buenos Aires; Sao Paulo; April- May 1947 (travel notes, contact information, expenses, itineraries)

Puerto Rico; May 1947 (travel notes, contact information, expenses, itineraries)

B.A. to Cuba/I 16; April-May 1947 (travel notes regarding Mondavides, Urauguay; Sao Paulo, Brazil; Rio de Janeiro; Puerto Rico; Havana, Cuba)

[Address Book & Contact Lists, 1966; Draft of Will, March 12, 1977]

[Date Reminder/Diary, 1967]

[Calender/Organizer, 1967]

[Book List, Memories, Contact List, no date]

 

SERIES 2. MATERIAL RELATING TO THE FIELD GUIDE TO THE ETHNOLOGICAL STUDY OF CHILD LIFE. 1932-1966. 5 in

Includes notes, printed and processed material, letters, outlines, and manuscripts of writings.

There are several versions of the guide as it was developed between 1941 and 1960. This series also includes material by other anthropologists used as models. Among these are: an introduction, largely of a historical nature, to a questionnaire concerning religion and magic; materials relating to approaches to the study of child life suggested by Margaret Mead; and several outlines and questionnaires on child life and other subjects by Father John M. Cooper. In addition, there are a few notes and processed items that relate to the Human Relations Area Files and its publication of Sister Inez's guide. There is also a list of Sister Inez's field expeditions between 1932 and 1952.

Box 2

Field Guide I

Field Guide 2

[Not labeled]

Leads for Ethnological Field Work

Ethnological Study of Child Life

List of Tribes Studied

Miscellaneous Papers concerning Human Relations Area File, Inc.

Instructions to Missionaries

Manuals and Procedures- Not own

Preliminary and Final Drafts

 

SERIES 3. NOTESLIPS REGARDING THE CHIPPEWA. 1932-1942. ca. 14 in.

Arranged by subject.

The slips were mainly made from field notes taken on the White Earth Reservation and include: the subject of discussion, name and age of the informant, and the location and date of the interview. Also included are reading notes made from library materials. In addition, there are a few copies of forms used by the tribal council, copies of historical documents, articles from religious journals, and bibliographic notes.

Additional notes on the Chippewa are included in Series 6. Miscellaneous Field and Reading Notes.

Box 3

Divisions of Child Life

Prenatal period

Birth

Postnatal interests

Nursing, Feeding, Weaning

Atypical Conditions

Names

Boys' puberty rites

Girls' puberty rites

Magico-religious training

Training children

Moral training

Prepuberty fast

Mental training

Diversions

Marriage

Vocational training (includes notes on such subjects as crafts, food preparation, clothing, fishing, hunting, canoe making, and dwellings)

Chiefs

Unarranged notes (includes such subjects as biographical data on informants, tattooing, religion and beliefs, and burial as well as additional material on child life)

White Earth Reservation – Miscellaneous Papers [See Box 12]

Box 4

Chippewa Field, Benno, Kingfisher, etc. (includes data and personal observations from Fr. Benno, Francis Sayers, and John  Kingfisher, et. al on subjects such as biographical data, anecdotal evidence on customs, agriculture, tattooing, religion and beliefs, burial, and additional material on child life)

 

SERIES 4. CHIPPEWA PHOTOGRAPHS. 1932-1940. 8 1/4 in.

Arranged by subject.

The photographs are black and white snapshots taken by Sister Inez or companions on the Red Lake, Vermillion Lake, Mille Lacs, White Earth, Lac du Flambean, L'Anse, and Lac Courte Orielle reservations. Generally, there is both a negative and a print for each image.

Box 4 (continued)

Birchbark Receptacles

Canoe making

Burials

Reservation

Indian mounds

Clothing

Adults

Babies

Children

Transporting

Health

Rope making

Religion

Recreation

Food

Tanning

Fishing

Family

Dwellings

Chippewa Photographs Mounted [See Box 12]

 

SERIES 5. NOTESLIPS, PHOTOGRAPHS AND OTHER MATERIAL CONCERNING THE ARAPAHOS. 1935-1942. 16 in.

Includes noteslips with data collected from the field with name of informant, age, date, location, and subject. Also notes made from the study of museum specimens and published material. There are also black-and-white photographs made by Sister Inez or her companions, including both negatives and prints. Mainly these are portraits of both northern and southern Arapahos. There are also views of a Sun Dance at the Wind River Reservation in 1940, of shelters, persons in tribal dress, and persons involved in the care of children. A few of the photographs are of museum specimens.

Box 5

Informants-Arapaho

Bibliography-Arapaho (Ute and the Arapaho "Traditions of the Arapaho" by Dorsey, George Amos, and Kroeber) 

History

Divisions of life/preface

Prenatal

Birth

Postnatal (not clearly marked, includes data on baby's first clothes, cradles, lullabies, etc.)

Cheyenne [empty]

Atypical conditions

Nursing

Names

Prepuberty (includes information on ear/nose piercing)

Puberty (includes information on brother/sister relationship)

Training

Mental training (includes "Language" section on sign and verbal language of Arapaho and "Time" section that includes measurement of distance, seasons, day/night, numerals, directions/geography )

Moral training

Diversions

Health (includes section on Fasting)

Eternity

Lodge/age societies

Vocational (includes "Food" section with information on diet/specialty dishes, beverages, and agriculture, & dining utensils and "Hunting and "Clothing" section. The "Clothing" section includes information on moccasins and artisanal pieces)

Photographs [See Box 29]

Politics (includes "Division of Tribe and Bonds" section)

Notes used in the preparation of publications, including a section on "Natural Phenomena"

Politics [See Box 12]

Religion [See Box 12]

Marriage [See Box 12]

Notes used in the preparation of publications [See Box 12]

Box 6

Arapaho Pictures

“Did not use these” (unarranged, unused field notes)

 

SERIES 6. MISCELLANEOUS FIELD AND READING NOTES. 1936-1943. 22 in.

Includes notes made from the study of museum specimens and published material. There are also black-and-white photographs taken by Sister Inez or her companions, including both negatives and prints.

Many of the notes relate to child rearing, but miscellaneous other data is also recorded. Informants include Indians, teachers, physicians, and members of religious orders.

Box 6 (continued)

Arikara Field Notes

Blackfoot Notes

Blackfoot Field Notes

Blackfoot Notes

Box 7

Blackfeet

Cherokee

Cheyenne

Chippewa

Crow

Menominee

Miscellaneous

Navaho

 

SERIES 7. NOTESLIPS FROM SECONDARY SOURCES. n.d. 36 in.,

Arranged by tribe or source.

Box 8

Plains

Assinibains

Pueblo

Sioux

Menomini

Box 9

Canadian tribes

Papago

Menominee

Gros Ventre

Cheyenne

Other tribes

Box 10

Ottawa

Winnebago

Narragansett

Shawnee

Sauk and Fox

Chippewa

Box 11

Notes From Jesuit Relations Ed. by Thwaites

SERIES 8. "NOTES ON CROW CULTURE." ca. 1970. 1/2 in.

Unarranged.

Consists of the proofs and final version of an article published in Baeseler-Archiv: Beitrage zum Volkerkunde, xviii, 1970. There seems to be no significant difference between the two versions.

Box 12

Notes on Crow Culture (includes Baeseler-Archiv: Beitrage zum Volkerkunde)

 

SERIES 9. NOTESLIPS CONCERNING THE ARAUCANIANS. 1946-1947; 1951-1952. 12 in.

Arranged by subject.

Mostly data collected in the field in Chile and Argentina. Generally, the notes include the subject, name of the informant, the informant’s age, location and date. Some notes from published sources are included.

Box 13

Adult Behavior

Mental Training

Diversions

Marriage

Religion

Life after Death

Government

Tillatun

Domestic Economy, Ownership, Inheritance

Meals

Fishing

Hunting

Pottery

Fire

Clothing

Food, Drink, Basketry

Implements for Cooking and Eating

Transportation

Trade

Dyes

Spinning and Weaving

Teaching Children

Sickness

Preface

Introduction

Sources Secondary-Chilean

Charts, Relationships

Division of Labor

Words

Summary Statements

Informants

Box 14

Secondary Sources

Museums

Geographic Locations

Prenatal Factors

Birth

Postnatal Interests

Nursing, Weaning, Feeding

Atypical Conditions

Family

SERIES 10. ARAUCANIAN PHOTOGRAPHS. 1946-52 28 in.

Arranged in four sub-series: the first arranged by subject; the second by geographical area; the third consisting of photographs used in Araucanian Child and the fourth being miscellany.

Most are images taken by Sister Inez and companions in Chile 1946-47; some photographs taken later in Argentina are included. A few postcards are also present. Subjects in the first series are: clothing; landscapes; health; government; adults and children; burials; food; transportation; religion; harvest; children; adolescents; adults; families; education; fishing; fences; ruka; diversions; weaving and basketry; and diapers/nursing/cradles. Persons include Domingo Huenun, Ernestina Huenullanka, Rosario Lienlaf, Lorenza Hualme de Lienlaf, Margareta Aukopan de Huenullan, Emilia Nillanan de Huenullan, the Cacique of Malleio, Aurelia Lienlaf, Sister Gerena, Father Policarp, Antonio de Lienlaf, Francisco Huenullanka, Pedro Huenullanka, Jose Lienlaf, Francisco Coniulaf, Romualdo Lienlaf, Alfonso Liélof, Lydia Lienlaf, Laura del Carmen Huenullan, Galvarino Lienlaf, Hilda Pichun, Elias Antumilia, Emilia Millanau de Huenullan, Juana Llankinau, Augustina Lienlaf, Hortensia Lienlaf, and Rosa Lienlaf. There are also several photographs of native healers or machi.

The second sub-series consists of photographs taken at Alepue, Boroa, Conaripe, Parpinpulli, San Jose, Villarica, San Martin de los Andes, and Valdivia. Mostly they are scenic views or photographs of Sister Inez and other members of religious orders. There are, however, some photographs of native people and artifacts included. Lists of some of the photographs are in the file but there is no indication as to how such lists match the photographs.

Box 14 (continued)

Araucanian Photographs

Box 15

Araucanian Photographs

Box 16

Mounted photographs

 

SERIES 11. MISCELLANEOUS ARAUCANIAN MATERIAL. 1916-65 (much undated). 7 in.

Arranged by type of material.

Includes a bibliography, lists of plants and animals used by Araucanians, and  notes and other material Sister Inez used to check the mechanical accuracy and proper focus of her writing. Also includes two draft summaries of her fieldwork in Chile, one of which was submitted to the 1952 American Philosophical Society yearbook. A few outline tracings of artifacts and drawings from school children and adults are included. In addition, there are plant specimens, a few original notes and letters and instruction in German.

Box 16 (continued)

"Application for a Grant from the Research Funds" of the American Philosophical Society

Working Notes for Smithsonian publication

Working Notes on Botany

Bibliography

Bibliography 1965

Box 17

Misc. Araucanian Material [1of 5]

Misc. Araucanian Material [2 of 5]

Misc. Araucanian Material [3 of 5]

Misc. Araucanian Material [4 of 5]

Misc. Araucanian Material [5 of 5]

Box 18

Tinder Olum Tree

(Unable to read) Wheat

(Unable to read) Wheat 1953

Miscellaneous Araucanian Material [1 of 2]

Miscellaneous Araucanian Material [2 of 2]

German Letters of Instruction

Notes

Identification Tag for Wilal

 

SERIES 12. MATERIAL REGARDING HUENUN NAMKU: AN ARAUCANIAN INDIAN OF THE ANDES REMEMBERS THE PAST. 1952-62. 10 in.

Arranged by type of material.

Includes field notes, drafts and illustrative material, in addition to a few unpublished photographs. Also included is correspondence with Rhoda Metraux and Margaret Mead, both of whom assisted Sister Inez in finding a publisher. Other correspondents include the University of Oklahoma Press and Father Policarp in Chile.

Box 19

Correspondence

Working Notes-Preparatory Material

Field guide

Field notes

Typed notes-use in doubt

Typed notes-unpublished

Box 20

Draft Copy

Final Copy

Reviews

Photographs for Early Draft

Illustrations and Photographs

Photographs- 1 map

Photos not used

 

SERIES 13. MATERIAL REGARDING THE AINU AND TOGETHER WITH THE AINU. ca. 1965-71. 16 in.

Much of this series consists of drafts of the publication  Together with the Ainu, A Vanishing People. It also includes: somewhat more extensive Ainu and Japanese vocabularies than the one published in the book; notes on a visit with Toshio Araida; and printed material. In addition, the series includes typed copies of notes collected by Chiye Sano and Midori Yamaha, Sister Inez’s Japanese assistants in the field. The notes include some material from publication but most contain data collected from informants. Given in each document is the name of the informant, sometimes with brief explanatory notes about his or her identity, place and date. Marginal glosses indicate subjects which include mortuary customs; discrimination against the Ainu; traditional arts, crafts, and literature; religion and beliefs; Chiri Mashiho, an Ainu scholar; history; language; personal and place names; birth; childcare, child training and formal education; medicine; recreation; marriage; dwellings; family and kinship; tattooing, crime, chiefs; horses; business; food preparation; agriculture; fishing; ceremonies; cradles; adoption; dances; and seaweed.

Box 21

Field Notes on Ainu from Two Field Workers (Chiye Sano)

Notes at a Visit with Toshio Araida

Field Notes of Midori Yamaha [1 of 2]

Field Notes of Midori Yamaha [2 of 2]

Printed Material

Ainu Glossary

Japanese Glossary

Working mat. without appendices

Box 22

Preliminary work for Together with the Ainu, A Vanishing People by Sister Inez Hilger, St Benedict's Convent, St. Joseph, Minnesota, 56374

Draft 1/21/66 [1 of 2]

Draft 1/21/66 [2 of 2]

Draft 8/29/67 [1 of 2]

Draft 8/29/67 [2 of 2]

Box 23

Draft 4/8/68 [1 of 2]

Draft 4/8/68 [2 of 2]

Draft 6/12/68 [1 of 2]

Draft 6/12/68 [2 of 2]

Draft 2/21/68 [1 of 3]

Draft 2/21/68 [2 of 3]

Draft 2/21/68 [3 of 3]

Box 24

Final Copy [1 of 2]

Final Copy [2 of 2]

Reader's Copy [1 of 2]

Reader's Copy [2 of 2]

Index galley

Proof galley

 

SERIES 14. MATERIAL RELATING TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST ADMINISTERED TO AINU AND JAPANESE SCHOOL CHILDREN. 1964-69. 10 in. [RESTRICTED]

Arranged by test.

In 1965, Sister Inez, Chiyo Sano, and Midoru Yamaha administered tests to school children on Hokkaido. The Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test was given to first, second, and third grade students. Fifth and sixth graders were asked to respond to the question "What do you want to be?" and to complete unfinished stories. Included are:  drawings and responses, data on the children, and other miscellaneous material such as copies of instructions, notes to explain the administration of the tests, invoices, and original testing materials.

In addition, certain Ainu children were given the Lowenfeld Mosaic Test. Copies of data concerning the children, identifications of their designs, and photographs of their designs are included. Also included is a letter transmitting the original materials to Margaret Mead and Rhoda Metraux.

This material is restricted to protect the privacy of the individuals tested.

Box 25

Performance of Ainu and Japanese six-year-olds on the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test

Tests: Misc. material

Tests: Draw-a-man test [7 folders]

Box 26

Ainu; Tests: What do you want to be? [2 folders]

Ainu; Tests: Unfinished Stories [2 folders]

Ainu; Tests: Lowenfeld Mosiac

 

SERIES 15. AINU PHOTOGRAPHS. 1957-65. 7 in.

Arranged in four sub-series: negatives of photographs used in Together with the Ainu, photographs arranged by subject, unarranged photographs, and duplicates.

The material consists of both prints and related negatives. Most of the items are in black and white. A few color slides are included. Most were taken by Sister Inez. There are a few by T.Tkoti, and E. Remondina, and S. Kadama.

The photographs arranged by subject include those of homes and homesteads; family; school; fishing and hunting; food and gardening; rice cultivation; clothing weaving; woodcarving; yukor, music, dance; religion; health; burial; and portraits. The unarranged photographs include similar subjects.

Box 27

Ainu Photographs [1 of 2]

Ainu Photographs [2 of 2]

Ainu Photographs, B/W, Ainu-e Negs.

[Not labeled]

Negatives used in: National Geographic Society Research Reports

Introduction. Negatives; N.G.S; May '72

I. Negatives; N.G.S; May/ 11/ 1972 [Homes & Homesteads]

II. Negatives; N.G.S; 5/11/72; Family

III. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972; Fishing

IV. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972

V. Negatives; NGSoc; May 1972; Ricing

VI. Negatives; NGSoc; May 1972; Clothing

VII. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972; Weaving

VIII. Negatives; NGSoc; May 1972; Wood Carving

IX. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972; Yukat

X. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972; Supernatural belief

X. Negatives; N.G.S; May 1972; Burials

Ainu Photographs

Ainu Duplicates

 

SERIES 16. MATERIAL REGARDING THE TELEVISION COURSE "ANTHROPOLOGY OF THE AMERICAS." 1957-58 13 in.

Partially arranged by type of material; partially by lecture.

Includes a small amount of correspondence, newspaper clippings, and printed material used in preparation for the course, and a course outline. Material for each lecture includes such items and outline notes, photographs, and instructions for stage properties

Box 28

Correspondence

Background materials-clippings

Publishers Flyers

Archeology

Course outline

Lectures; Sept 15, 30

Lectures; Oct 3, 7

Lectures; Oct 10, 14

Lectures; Oct 17, 21

Box 29

Lectures; Oct 21, 24

Lectures; Oct 31, Nov. 4

Lectures; Nov. 7, 11

Lectures; Nov. 14, 18

Lectures; Nov. 21, 25

Lectures; Nov. 28, Dec. 2

Lectures; Dec. 5, 9

Photographs filed after lecture of Dec. 2

Box 30

Lectures; Dec. 12, 16

Lectures; Dec. 19, Jan. 6,

Lectures; Jan. 9

Lectures; Jan. 13, 16

Lectures; Jan. 20, 23

Lectures; Jan. 27, 30

 

SERIES 17. WRITINGS. 1931-64. 10 in.

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Includes drafts, final versions, and some printed material. There are a few original illustrations.

Box 31

Araucanian bibliography

"Araucanian Customs: An Afternoon with an Araucanian Family on the Coastal Range of Chile," Journal de la Societé des Americanistes, LV, No.1 (1966), 201-220

"Araurcanian Pottery"

"The Araucanian Weaver," Boletin del Museo nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago, Chile, XXX (1967), 291-98

"Die Araukaner"

"A Bibliographic Source List in Ethnobotany"

"The Blackfoot Indians" (student paper)

"The Cheyenne and Arapaho and Other Indian Tribes of the Plains Area" (student paper)

"Chippewa Burial and Mourning Customs," American Anthropologist, n.s. XLVI (1944), 564-68;

"The Catholic Sociologist and the American Indian" (labeled Social Controls among Indians)

"Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background," Ms. [1of 2] and [2 of 2]

"Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 146, 1951

Box 32

"Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background," Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 146, 1951

"Chippewa Interpretation of Natural Phenomena," The Scientific Monthly, XLV (August, 1937), 178-79

"The Crow Indians" (probably by Juli Forester)

"Cultural Anthropology" (student paper)

"Cultural Changes in Japan," The American Benedictine Review (December 1964), 515-29

"An Araucanian of the Andes: Emilia Millanau de Huenullan," American Benedictine Review (June, 1960)

An Ethnographic Field Method, 1954

"Father De Smet," Christian Family (February, 1944)

"Menomini Child Life," Journal de la Societé des Americanistes, n.s. XL (1951), 163-72

"What is There in a Name?"

"Naming a Chippewa Child," The Wisconsin Archeologist (1958)

"Notes on Cheyenne Child Life," American Anthropologist, XLVIII, No.1 (1946), 60-69

"Notes on the Cheyenne,"

"The Ojibways" (student paper)

Interview with Emily Peake, 1973?

"Die Reise nach America" (by Frederick William Hilger)

"Rock Paintings in Argentina," Anthropos, LVII (1962), 514-23 (co-authored with Margaret Mondlock)

"Some Customs of the Chippewa on the Turtle Mountain Reservation of North Dakota," North Dakota History (Summer, 1959)

"Some Early Customs of Blackfeet Indians" (first, second, and partial third drafts)

"Some Early Customs of the Menomini Indians," Journal de la Societé des Americanistes (1960)

"To the Nurse: A Challenge," Nursing World (1951)

"Why Teach Social Science in Schools of Nursing," Trained Nurse and Hospital Review (1941)

 

SERIES 18. PRINTED MATERIAL. Most 1930s-70s. 3 ft.

Includes reprints of articles by Sister Inez in both anthropology and nursing; miscellaneous reprints and newspaper clippings concerning Indians and Sister Inez; book on the Ainu collected in Japan and miscellaneous other publications.

Box 33

Publications; Clippings and Photocopies

Printed Material [1 of 3]

Printed Material [2 of 3]

Printed Material [3 of 3]

Box 34

[8 misc. books/publications]

Box 35

[7 misc. books/publications]

Box 36

"The Ainus of Yezo, Japan" by Romyn Hitchcock

Reprints (Japan & the Ainu)

Reprints (Miscellaneous) [1 of 3]

Reprints (Miscellaneous) [2 of 3]

Reprints (Miscellaneous) [3 of 3]

Box 37

[5 misc. books/publications]

Printed Material [1 of 2]

Printed Material [2 of 2]

Reprints (Indians)

Box 38

[4 misc. books/publications]

Printed Material [1 of 3]

Printed Material [2 of 3]

Printed Material [3 of 3]

Box 39

[14 misc. books/publications]

Box 40

Printed Material [1 of 2]

Printed Material [2 of 2]

 

SERIES 19. MISCELLANY. 1938-70 2 in.

Arranged by subject.

Includes notes, letters, photographs, maps lists, announcements, printed material.

Contains material concerning excavations of shell middens on Hokkaido, Araucanian weaving, Menomini care of teeth, and Easter Island (the letter received from Sister Gertrudis Koether). Other selected items include letters of Julia Forester, a list of Ainu sound recordings (see the following series), and printed material concerning William Foxwell Albright. There are in addition various reminders of things to do and material concerning arrangements and plans to publish articles.

Box 41

Miscellaneous Notes

Miscellaneous Papers

Excavations

Shell Middens

Social and Economic Survey; Tabulation of Lac du Flambeau Reservation

Albright, William F.

Miscellany

[Untitled]

 

SERIES 20. SOUND RECORDINGS. 1952, 1965-1976. 35 sound recordings

The sound recording numbers were assigned by the archives for inventory control. The recordings are arranged by subject title and not by sound recording number.

The series contains fourteen recordings concerning the Ainu, including a 1952 Ainu Bear Festival broadcast and some Ainu music and statements. There are original and edited versions of Ainu recordings made in the field with the assistance of Chiye Sano and Midori Yamaha, pursuing an ethnographic study of the child, which include poetry, lullabies, songs, conversations and other miscellany. Eleven cassettes contain interviews and conversations concerning Montana history and the Blackfoot Indians with focus on Elizabeth Galbreath Wetzel who was half Blackfoot. Three cassettes contain material collected for the introduction to a proposed new edition of "Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background," including interviews with a priest familiar with the Chippewa reservation and with Arthur Gahbow, a chairman of the Mille Lacs council. One recording is an interview of Sister Inez who describes her early life, education, and entrance into Catholic University. There are six unidentified cassettes which are uncataloged (Sound Recordings 30-35).

Audio Reel Cabinets

SOUND RECORDINGS CONCERNING THE AINU. 1965. Fourteen 5-inch reels.

One tape is a recording of a 1952 broadcast of a bear festival by the United States Armed Forces Far East Network. Some Ainu music and statements are included. The other tapes resulted from Sister Inez’s field work carried on with the assistance of Chiye Sano and Midori Yamaha. There are both original and edited versions, the latter having basic data sheets included. The tapes contain poetry, lullabies, improvised songs, conversations, a tongue twister, and a description of the treatment of boil. Performers and commentators include Shigeru Kayano, Toroshino Kaizawa, Haru Maeda, Ume Kaezawa, Kisa Shitakawara, Riyo Seki, Tsarakichi Seki, Mine Honda, and Misao Kaizawa.

Sound Recording 1

Ainu 1 [original], June 22, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of reel 1; Commentator: Shigeru Kayano (male age 40); 1. Ionnokka: Lullaby, sung to a baby on mother’s back, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 2. Shinta sue ionnokka: cradle song (lullaby), by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 3. Lullaby: Sleep without crying, by Haru Maeda (female age 61); 4. Yaishama: improvised song, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 5. Yaishama: improvised song, by Ume Kaizawa (female age 74); 6. Upopos, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75), Ume Kaizawa (female age 74), Haru Maeda (female age 61).

 

Sound Recording 8

Ainu 1 [edit], June 22,1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Sano (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 1; Commentator: Shigeru Kayano (male age 40); 1. Ionnokka: Lullaby, sung to a baby on mother’s back, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 2. Shinta sue ionnokka: cradle song (lullaby), by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 3. Lullaby: Sleep without crying, by Haru Maeda (female age 61); 4. Yaishama: improvised song, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75); 5. Yaishama: improvised song, by Ume Kaizawa (female age 74); 6. Upopos, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75), Ume Kaizawa (female age 74), Haru Maeda (female age 61).

 

Sound Recording 2

Ainu 2 [original], August 4, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Mr. Teshi’s shop in Akan, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of reel 2; 1. Mukkuri (musical instrument), by Kisa Shitakawara (female age 78).

 

Sound Recording 9

Ainu 2 [edit], July 9,1965

5" reel

A recording made in Akan, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Sano (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 2; 1. Mukkuri (musical instrument), by Kisa Shitakawara (female age 78).

 

Sound Recording 3

Ainu 3 [original], August 4, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Mukawa, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of reel 3; Commentator: Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71); 1. Yukar: Bear Story, by Riyo Seki (female age 65); 2. Short Story for Children, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71); 3. Story of Vipers, by Mine Honda (female age 75).

 

Sound Recording 10

Ainu 3 [edit], August 4, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Mukawa, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Yamaha (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 3; Commentator: Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71); 1. Yukar: Bear Story, by Riyo Seki (female age 65); 2. Short Story for Children, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71); 3. Story of Vipers, by Mine Honda (female age 75).

 

Sound Recording 4

Ainu 4 [original], September 14,1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of reel 4; Commentator: Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71). Side one. 1. Conversation about Seki’s blind granfather, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71) and Mine Honda (female age 75) [The conversation is partly in awnser to a question asked by Hilger on the scolding of Ainu children. Seki talks about how he guided his grandfather when Seki was young to places that his grandfather could not go alone]; 2. Conversation about Seki’s uncle who was a hunter, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71) and Mine Honda (female age 75) [the conversation revolves mostly around the telling of a story that Seki heard from his uncle about how his uncle encountered a goblin while on his way to the hunt and killed the goblin.The story includes a telling of how his uncle prayed to the Gods of the Mountain to save him and his aunt from an evil spirit, which they did.] Side two. 1. NHK (three men talk about Ainu culture and music at Sapporo).

 

Sound Recording 11

Ainu 4 [edit], August 19, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Yamaha (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 4; Commentator: Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71); 1. Conversation about Seki’s blind granfather, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71) and Mine Honda (female age 75); 2. Conversation about Seki’s uncle who was a hunter, by Tsurukichi Seki (male age 71) and Mine Honda (female age 75).

 

Sound Recording 5

Ainu 5 [original], September 14,1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of reel; Commentator: Shigeru Kayano (male age 40). 1. Kamui Yukar (Onne Pashkur): A Village Sparrow, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 2. Boat Game: Ankaya-chipo Hochi, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 3. Tongue Twister (Repta ampe furesowane), by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 4. Short Story: A Crow and a Shell-fish (yata yaechi musaro), by Misao Kaizawa (female age 65, 14 September 1965).

 

Sound Recording 12

Ainu 5 [edit], 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Yamaha (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 5; Commentator: Shigeru Kayano (male age 40). 1. Kamui Yukar: A Village Sparrow, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 2. Boat Game: Ankaya-chipo Hochi, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 3. Tongue Twister, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 14 September 1965); 4. Short Story: A Crow and a Shell-fish, by Misao Kaizawa (female age 65, 14 September 1965); 5. Treatment of Boil, by Misao Kaizawa (female age 65, 17 June 1965).

 

Sound Recording 6

Ainu 6 [original], August 12, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of recording: 1. Uepekere, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 12 August 1965) [The story was told as an example of the types of stories told to children who are 7 or 8 years old. The story is about a woman who recieves an epidemic from a cursed rotten stump. Her village is saved from the epidemic because her husband performs a ritual harucahrupa ceremony to banish the evil].

 

Sound Recording 13

Ainu 6 [edit], June 17, August 12, 1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. The recording has been edited by Yamaha (December 1965). ‘Contents of reel 6; Commentator: Shigeru Kayano (male age 40). 1. Uepekere: An Ainu Girl who was Dutiful to her parents, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 17 June 1965); 2. Uepekere: A Spirit of Epidemic, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75, 12 August 1965).

 

Sound Recording 7

Ainu 7 [original], June 17,1965

5" reel

A recording made in Noboribetsu, Hokkaido, Japan during an ethnographic study of child life. Contents of recording: 1. Kamui Yukar [A short story about when the god of thunder wanted to see an Ainu village, but is angered by a villager who mistreats the God and thus, the god burns the entire town]; 2. Treatment of Boil, by Ume Kaizawa (female age 74) and Misao Kaizawa (female age 65); 3. Uepekere, by Toroshino Kaizawa (female age 75).

 

Sound Recording 14

Ainu Bear Festival, 1952

5" reel; 3 3/4 ips

Broadcast by United States Armed Forces East Network

SOUND RECORDINGS CONCERING MONTANA HISTORY AND THE BLACKFEET. ca. 1972. 6 cassettes.

These consist of interviews with Elizabeth Galbreath Wetzel, Arthur and Dorothy Chichester, and an unidentified white woman. Wetzel was half Blackfoot and half Scots. Most of her material consists of personal anecdotes and remembrances. The Chichesters were ranchers near Great Falls and their recordings largely concern family history and the history of their area. The white woman was the daughter of a Bureau of Indian Affairs Agent who grew up on the Blackfoot Reservation. She tells Blackfoot stories about the creation of men and women and about the way in which the skunk got its stripes and smell.

Sound Recording 22

Blackfoot Auntie Interview, August 6, 1972

1 sound cassette

Elizabeth Wetzel telling traditional stories. The first story is about a skunk and the second is about a porcupine. (TDK C-60)

 

Sound Recording 18

Blackfoot Auntie Wetzel (TDK C-60)

1 sound cassette; 60 min.

A recording of a woman (Wetzel), who is half Scots and half Blackfoot, talking about herself. The recording also includes her telling a traditional story about a bear. Recorded in Glacier National Park.

 

Sound Recording 28

Blackfoot Auntie Wetzel Interview

1 sound cassette; 60 min

A recording of conversations with the interviewees including Helen's grandmother, Frances.

 

Sound Recording 29

Blackfoot Auntie Wetzel Interview

1 sound cassette; 60 min

Conversations with the interviewees and Wetzel telling bear stories

 

Sound Recording 27

Blackfoot Auntie Wetzel interviews

1 sound cassette; 60 min.

End of Helen's conversation [?]

 

Sound Recording 15

Blackfoot Conversation

1 sound cassette; 62 min.

Side A: Conversations with Arthur and Dorothy about the “old days” and the way they lived (i.e. hygiene), their school, and acquaintances. The couple also speaks about inter-racial marriages. Side B: Random conversations with Elizabeth about her past.

 

Sound Recording 23

Blackfoot interview

1 sound cassette; 62 min.

A recording of Elizabeth Wetzel talking about cooking for road crews.

 

Sound Recording 25

Blackfoot Interviews

1 sound recording

A recording of conversations with the interviewees.

 

Sound Recording 26

Blackfoot Interviews, January 24, 1973

1 sound cassette

A recording of conversations with the interviewees.

 

Sound Recording 20

Blackfoot Skunk and Coyote Story 

1 sound cassette; 62 min.

A recording of Elizabeth Wetzel telling traditional stories. The first story is an old Blackfoot story from an old medicine woman. The second story is a coyote story about the creation of men and women. Recorded in High River Hospital

SOUND RECORDINGS CONCERNING THE CHIPPEWA. Early 1970s. 5 cassettes.

The material was collected by Sister Inez for an introduction to a proposed new edition of her Chippewa Child Life and Its Cultural Background. The introduction was apparently conceived as a brief ethnographic survey of the modern Chippewa, with a particular emphasis on economic and social problems. Some of the recordings were dictation for a typist. Others consist of interviews with a priest who had a rather negative view towards people on the reservations and with Arthur Gahbow, a chairman of the Mille Lacs council.

Sound Recording 17

Chippewa Mille Lacs Reservation I-II

1 sound cassette

The introduction for a Chippewa book [possibly the one written by Sister M. Inez Hilger]. Recorded on the Mille Lacs Reservation in Minnesota.

 

Sound Recording 16

Chippewa Mille Lacs Reservation III-IV

1 sound cassette

The introduction for a Chippewa book [possibly the one written by Sister M. Inez Hilger]. Recorded on the Mille Lacs Reservation in Minnesota.

 

Sound Recording 21

Chippewa Skunk and Coyote Story, March 3, 1973

1 sound cassette; 60 min.

A recording of an interview with a priest about the problems of the Indians on the Mille Lacs reservation from the 1930s to the time period the cassette was recorded.

SOUND RECORDINGS BY SISTER M. INEZ HILGER. 1976. 1 cassette.

An interview of Sister Inez by her niece Mary Zirbes. Largely concerns her early life and education and entrance into the Catholic University of America.

Sound Recording 19

Interview of Sister Marie Inez Hilger

1 sound cassette; 60 min.

Side A: Interview of Inez Hilger by her niece, Mary K. Zirbes, concerning Inez’ early life and her entrance into the Catholic University of America. Side B. Sister Inez Hilger interviews Elizabeth G. Wetzel.

 

Sound Recording 24

Interview of Sister Marie Inez Hilger

1 sound cassette; 60 min.

A recording of an interview with Sister Inez, by her niece Mary Zirbes. A narrative account of Sister Inez’ mother.

 

SERIES 21. MAPS. 1929-58 (several undated). 47 items

MAP CASE

Unarranged.

Mostly published political maps of the United States, Europe, the Near East, Japan, and South America. Some show Indian reservations and schools. Several items of Latin America are of Chile.

SERIES 22. MISCELLANEOUS PHOTOGRAPHS. 1932-46. 8 in.

Arranged by tribe or area.

Mostly black and white prints. Some negatives and postcards are also included. Most of the photographs were made by Sister Inez. Subjects include: portraits, artifacts, Indian ceremonies and Catholic ceremonies, school groups, dwellings, and baby carrying. A few notes on the Shoshoni Sun Dance and on the Winnebago are included. Persons shown are: Blackfoot, Two Guns, Cherokee, Agnes Little John, Mollie Running Wolf, Charlie Big Witch, Cheyenne, Mary and Josephine Inkanich, Lourine Reader, Augustine Nooster, Mary Ann Little, Crow, Myrtle Big Man, Ties His Knee, Old Rabbit, Mary Long Tail, Mabel Hill, Naomi and Cordelia Yellow Mule, Cecilia Half, Dessie Old Coyote, James and Sarah Buffalo, Paul Kill, Joe Mt. Picket, Marie Half, Menomini, Jane Shoptak, Jane Wankan, Carlie Dutchman, Navajo, Mabel Benali, Betty and Charles Boyd, Pueblo, Juan Pino, Cleto and Severa Tafoya, Julio and Maria Martinez, Sioux, Oscar One Bull, and Brave Baffalo.

305 negatives removed 12/12/05 to Photographic Negative Storage. Envelope titles: Blackfoot; Catawba; Cherokee; Cheyenne; Crow; Menomini; Navaho; Pueblo; Shoshoni; Sioux; Winnebago

Box 42

Sioux Pictures

Eskimo Pictures

Menomini Pictures

Navaho Pictures [1 of 2]

Navaho Pictures [2 of 2]

Pueblo Pictures- includes those taken at Tusque, San Juan, Santa Clara, Taos, Puye, and Isleta.

Shoshonie (Sun Dance) Pictures

Winnebago Pictures

Blackfeet Pictures

Carchiquel Pictures

Cherokee (eastern) Pictures

Cheyenne Pictures

Columbia (Amazon Valley) Pictures - includes school children from the Peratapuya, Huetoto, Quaiquer, Goagiros, Cateos, Cocina, Tunebos, Paeces, and Quambianos tribes. There are also various tribes represented in the files of the "El Regaldo" in Bogota.

Crow Pictures [1 of 2]

Crow Pictures [2 of 2]

 

Last updated: January 18, 2011
Keeley Kerrins